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HP Unix-Rafiq U R Rahman

HP Unix-Rafiq U R Rahman

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PART - IIHP-UXSystem Administration
 
 
Chapter 12. The System Administration Manager
Chapter Syllabus
12.1 Why Use SAM?12.2 Starting and Stopping SAM12.3 A Sample SAM Session12.4 SAM Log Files12.5 Restricted Use of SAM by Non--Root Users
The System Administration Manager (SAM) is a tool that simplifies routine HP-UX system administration. It is available both in text and GUI modes. If you arerunning X-Windows, SAM automatically detects the presence of your GUIterminals and starts in graphical mode. In case you are using a text terminal,SAM starts in text or terminal mode. In the graphical mode, you can use your mouse to click on different icons related to a desired system administration tasks.In the text mode, SAM provides menus that can be used by pressing theand arrow keys to activate a particular option.SAM is a very useful tool for day-to-day system administration jobs. At the sametime, it can't do every job for a system administrator. Sometimes you will need touse commands manually for troubleshooting and specialized tasks. In thischapter, you will learn to use SAM in both text and graphical modes. You willlearn how to start and stop SAM and how it looks when used in text or graphicalmode. You will go through a sample session of creating a new user, where youwill learn how to use SAM menus and navigate your system. Everything done inSAM is logged into a log file, and you will see some parts of this file. SAM is alsouseful to distribute system administration tasks among many people. At the endof the chapter, you will see how you can grant restricted access to non-
root
 users who have a need to use SAM.
 
This is an introductory chapter about SAM. In the coming chapters, you will learnhow different tasks are done with the help of this tool.
12.1 Why Use SAM?
SAM is designed to help system administrators perform routine tasks. With SAM,tasks that require a number of steps can be performed in a single step. It is theresponsibility of SAM to execute actual commands for you. Briefly, theadvantages of using SAM are as follows.1. You get menus and icons. They are easy to use and less laborious thantyping long commands manually.2. SAM provides you with comprehensive details of your system. For example, you can see a list of installed printers and their properties.Similarly, by just clicking an icon, you are able to see all disks attached toyour system. Another icon will show you network adapters and networkconfiguration related to each adapter. It is very useful to know the existingsystem configuration before adding a new piece of hardware.3. You don't need to remember complex commands used for routine tasks.4. It provides a uniform interface on all HP-9000 series servers andworkstations.5. It gives you centralized control for your network, as you can run it remotelyon any machine and view the result on your local GUI.6. You can assign limited root access to users if you want to distributesystem administration tasks. For example, if you want to assign printer management to one person and network management to another, SAMprovides you with the facility to define restricted areas for users. A user can only go into that area of SAM assigned to him or her. At the same time, it must be remembered that true system administration is acomplex job
 — 
you need to know what is going on behind the scenes. AlthoughSAM can add new users for you, you need to know how to add a user manually.

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