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Application of Risk Analisis in Processs Design

Application of Risk Analisis in Processs Design

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Published by: Dayang Radiah Awang Biak on Sep 24, 2013
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09/24/2013

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PART
Vlll
APPLICATION OF
RISK
ANALYSIS
IN
PROCESS DESIGN
 
INTRODUCTION TO PART Vlll
In the concluding part of the thesis we have made
a
case for inherently safer design as themother of all risk-reducfion exercises. We have also presented a methodology developedby us, and a case study to illustrate its manner of use, to facilitate inherently safer design.The following chapter is a reproduction of the paper accepted for publication in Journal
of
Loss Prevention in Process Industries.
 
Chapter 19
INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN BASED
ON
RAPID RISK ANALYSIS'
The importance of inherently safer design (ISD) as a strategy tominimise n'sk of accidents in chemical process industries is beingrepeatedly stressed in recent years. The increasing frequency, andextents of damage caused by such accidents across the world havecontributed to this thinking. However even as the need for ISD isbeing underscored, there are vely few reports on the precisemethods to implement this concept. Significant recent reports are byBerge (1993, 1995) who has suggested a scenariobased designprocedure in which construction of accidents scenarios in astructured manner is made the basis of ISD.We have been developing and applying the concept of rapid riskanalysis (Khan and Abbasi, 1995;1996a; 1997a; 1997b). In thispaper we present an approach to ISD utilising this concept. Webelieve, as detailed in this paper, that this approach is a significantimprovement upon Berge's procedure in terms of ease, speed, andeffectiveness.
Key
Words:
Risk analysis, inherent safety, Inherently safer design, hazard controlINTRODUCTIONRisks
of
accidents in chemical process industries, especially the ones handling hazardous
*
Accepted
for
publicanon
In
Journal ofLoss Preventiot~
n
Process hrdustries,
UK
(kindly
see
page A
8)
399

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