INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN BASED
RAPID RISK ANALYSIS'
The importance of inherently safer design (ISD) as a strategy tominimise n'sk of accidents in chemical process industries is beingrepeatedly stressed in recent years. The increasing frequency, andextents of damage caused by such accidents across the world havecontributed to this thinking. However even as the need for ISD isbeing underscored, there are vely few reports on the precisemethods to implement this concept. Significant recent reports are byBerge (1993, 1995) who has suggested a scenariobased designprocedure in which construction of accidents scenarios in astructured manner is made the basis of ISD.We have been developing and applying the concept of rapid riskanalysis (Khan and Abbasi, 1995;1996a; 1997a; 1997b). In thispaper we present an approach to ISD utilising this concept. Webelieve, as detailed in this paper, that this approach is a significantimprovement upon Berge's procedure in terms of ease, speed, andeffectiveness.
Risk analysis, inherent safety, Inherently safer design, hazard controlINTRODUCTIONRisks
accidents in chemical process industries, especially the ones handling hazardous
Journal ofLoss Preventiot~