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Bib 47699

Bib 47699

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Published by SudharsananPRS
hydrologicla modelling
hydrologicla modelling

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Published by: SudharsananPRS on Sep 25, 2013
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Current Limitations of Hydrologic Modeling In B.C.: An Examination of the HSPF,TOPMODEL, UBCWM and DHSVM Hydrologic Simulation Models, B.C. DataResources and Hydrologic-Wildfire Impact Modeling byRobin George PikeB.Sc., University of Victoria, 1995A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of theRequirements for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCEin the Department of GeographyWe accept the thesis as conformingto the required standard _______________________________________ Dr. E.D. Hetherington, Co-supervisor (Department of Geography, Adjunct) _______________________________________ Dr. M.C.R. Edgell, Co-supervisor (Department of Geography) _______________________________________ Dr. K.O. Niemann, Departmental Member (Department of Geography) _______________________________________ S.W. Taylor, Outside Member (Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria) _______________________________________________ Dr. S.O. Denis Russell, External Examiner (Professor emeritus, Department of CivilEngineering, University of British Columbia)
Robin George Pike, 1998University of VictoriaAll rights reserved.This thesis may not be reproduced in whole or in part, by photocopy or other means, without the permission of the author.
 
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Co-Supervisor: Dr. M.C.R. EdgellCo-Supervisor: Dr. E.D. HetheringtonABSTRACTThis thesis examines current problems and limitations of hydrologic modelingin British Columbia with respect to operational forestry use and hydrologic-wildfiremodeling. A comparative review of the HSPF, TOPMODEL, UBCWM and DHSVMhydrologic simulation models and the availability and limitations of B.C. dataresources in relation to hydrologic modeling are provided. Also discussed are areview of hydrologic-wildfire impacts, criteria for the development of a hydrologic-wildfire model and a description of an attempt to apply the DHSVM to a B.C. interior watershed.The model review indicates that none of the four hydrologic models areoptimally suited for widespread operational use in B.C. forest management. This isdue to limitations of the hydrologic models in addressing a wide range of forestrymodeling goals as each model has been created for a specific purpose, in a specificlocale. The data resources review indicates that many different agencies in B.C.collect data that could be used in hydrologic modeling. However, it appears that themost limiting factor of B.C. data resources, for hydrologic modeling purposes, is thesparseness of meteorological, snow and streamflow data on a spatially distributed basis. The attempt to apply the DHSVM to a B.C. interior watershed illustrates theimportance of being prudent in matching hydrologic modeling goals to the availabledata and hydrologic model. This attempt also highlights the necessity of allowingample time in a modeling project for data preparation and model calibration whenusing a hydrologic model for the first time. The review of hydrologic-wildfire impactsindicates that wildfire has the potential to create earlier and larger peakflows, higher than average soil moisture levels and deeper and earlier melting snow-packs in aforested watershed. A physically-based, distributed hydrologic model was determinedto be the most optimal candidate for development into a hydrologic-wildfire model.
 
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The conclusion is reached that the absence of a hydrologic model specificallydesigned for operational use in B.C. limits widespread hydrologic modeling in forestmanagement. Despite these results, hydrologic models possess a great potential for use in B.C. forest management.Examiners: _______________________________________ Dr. E.D. Hetherington, Co-supervisor (Department of Geography, Adjunct) _______________________________________ Dr. M.C.R. Edgell, Co-supervisor (Department of Geography) _______________________________________ Dr. K.O. Niemann, Departmental Member (Department of Geography) _______________________________________ S.W. Taylor, Outside Member (Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria) _______________________________________________ Dr. S.O. Denis Russell, External Examiner (Professor emeritus, Department of CivilEngineering, University of British Columbia)

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