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karitiana_everett2006_s

karitiana_everett2006_s

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Published by: cecihauff on Jul 04, 2009
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05/11/2014

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RICE UNIVERSITY
Gestural, Perceptual, and Conceptual Patterns in Karitiana
 by
Caleb Everett
A THESIS SUBMITTEDIN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THEREQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE
Doctor of Philosophy
A
PPROVED
, T
HESIS
C
OMMITTEE
:__________ Masayoshi Shibatani, Deedee McMurtry Professor of the Humanities, Chair Linguistics _____________________________ Claire Bowern, Assistant Professor Linguistics _____________________________ Michel Achard, Associate Professor French and LinguisticsH
OUSTON
, T
EXAS
AUGUST 2006
 
Everett ii
Abstract
In this study, I present analyses of various aspects of Karitiana, a Tupí-Arikémlanguage spoken in the state of Rondônia, in the Amazon region of Brazil. These analysesrange in both methodology and scope, but are unified by the goal of elucidating gestural, perceptual, and conceptual patterns in the language. These patterns crystallize during thecourse of each of two parts of the dissertation. In the first part, I focus on the soundsystem of Karitiana. The investigation of the sound system includes detailed analyses of the phonemic inventory of the language, as well as basic phonological processes.However, the investigation also includes acoustic, quantitatively-oriented examinationsof the vowel system, stop-vowel sequences, and patterns of velar lowering, among other  phenomena. These studies focus on basic articulatory gestures in the language. Basic perceptual patterns, related to the typologically-unusual patterns of velar lowering in thelanguage, are also considered in Part I, via the discussion of a speech-perceptionexperiment carried out among the Karitiana.In Part II morphological and syntactic patterns in Karitiana are examined, within afunctional-typological framework. Part II includes a grammatical sketch of Karitianamorphology and syntax, as well as more detailed studies of two basic aspects of Karitianamorphosyntax, namely grammatical relations and voice phenomena. The latter sorts of  phenomena prove to be particularly useful in uncovering some of the basic conceptual patterns, associated with the construal of event types, which are reflected in the grammar of Karitiana.
 
Everett iii
Table of Contents
A
CKNOWLEDGEMENTS
viii
 P
REFACE
The Karitiana people
ix
A
BBREVIATIONS
 
xiii
P
ART I. Gestural and perceptual patterns:Phonetics and phonology
1
C
HAPTER 
1. Introduction to Part I
2
1.1A word about this study
2
1.2The Karitiana sound system in brief 
4
1.3Basic methodology and equpipment
6
C
HAPTER 
2. The phonemic inventory
13
2.1The consonants
13
2.1.1 Examples of consonantal contrast
14
2.2The vowels
15
2.2.1Examples of vocalic contrast
17
C
HAPTER 
3. Voiceless stops and their phonetic correlates
22
3.1Distribution
22
3.1.1Introduction to locus equation analyses
25
3.1.2Methodology
27
3.1.3Results and discussion
29
C
HAPTER 
4. The remaining consonants
42
4.1The flap
42
4.2The labial approximant
45
4.3Fricatives
46
4.4 Overview of nasal consonant distribution
50
C
HAPTER 
5. An investigation of the Karitiana vowel system
61

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