A097 72 829It is undisputed at Calia Penal Code section 69 is not a categorical crime involvingmora tde (I.J at 5-6). Hoever, the Iiation udge d hat, under e moded categocal approac, he record of conviction esalises e respondents oense as onenvving moal itude ecause e respndent ped to Cont I chgng im wi resstngest ou e use "rce d violence (. at 6; Ex. ) According to te ImmiationJudge he use of "rce d vioence raises e respondent's ense to te evel o morapitde (. at 7). Alteatvely, te Imiaon udge utilized he tird step of e nalyssset r
Matter of Silva-Trevino,
2 &N ec. 687 (AG. 2008 and ooked o e olce reps to deteine at te respondent's ense involves moral urpitde (I. at 8).
ths regd eIaon Judge noted at e pice repos sow bot te responden d the cers wereinjured duing te ncident (.J. at 8).The Bod as hed that te oense of resistng e is a crime involvig moral tdeonly when it resuts in odily to te vicm, or vlved e reat o e use of deady rce
See Mater of Logan
17 I ec 367 (BIA 1980;
Mater of Danesh
19&ec 669 (BIA 988). ection 69 f e Calia Penal Code provdes in erinent a "[ e]very person watempts by mes o y heat or iolence, to deter or prevent executive ocer omperfong any duty imposed uon suc ocer by law, o wo oingly resists y e use of
suc cer, in e perfornce of is duties.
CPC § 69 emphasisaddedHowever, we note hat te porion f he staute punishng resistance by "rce or violence s not diise as t weher inju occued Indeed, resulant inju is nt element of e oense. In tis regard, subsequent to e Immatin udges decsion, teUted tates upreme Co decded
Descamps v. United States
133 S.Ct. 2276 (201), odin tat e mded categrical aprac may nt be appied wen e crime has a singleindisie set of elemens. Becase neither e teat o use of deady rce nor injur s aneleent of e respondent's ense nder
we ct apy te mded cateoricalapproach to nd hat the oense invoved such conduct r results.Fuer susequent to the Immgraon udge's decision he ted tates Co of Appeals te Nin Circuit where is case ises, invalidated te rd step of e
See OlivasMotta v Holder
716 3d 1199 (h Cir. 201) (ldng ta eidenceoutside e record of conviction co be used o deteine weter alien as een"cnvicted o' a crime ivin moal ttde. Under ese crcumstces we cnot ne conviction documens in te record suciently estalish at e respondent's 2012cnvcon nvolves moral tpiude suc at e chge nder sectin 237a2A(i) of teAct c be susaied.As ere e no additiona cges odged in is case, e nd it appropriate to teinate te prceedings.Accordngly, e appeal wll e sustained d e proceedins wil be terminatedOER: Te apea is ssned, and e rceedngs e terminated.
Board Member Garry D Malphrus respctfully dissents witout searate oinio
Cite as: Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)