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Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)

Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)

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In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) terminated proceedings upon finding that resisting arrest under Cal. Penal Code 69 is not a categorical crime involving moral turpitude and that the statute is not divisible under Descamps v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2276 (2013), because neither the threat of use of deadly force nor injury to the victim is an element of the offense. The decision was written by Member Roger Pauley and joined by Member Anne Greer. Member Garry Malphrus dissented without opinion.
In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) terminated proceedings upon finding that resisting arrest under Cal. Penal Code 69 is not a categorical crime involving moral turpitude and that the statute is not divisible under Descamps v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2276 (2013), because neither the threat of use of deadly force nor injury to the victim is an element of the offense. The decision was written by Member Roger Pauley and joined by Member Anne Greer. Member Garry Malphrus dissented without opinion.

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Published by: Immigrant & Refugee Appellate Center, LLC on Sep 25, 2013
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11/16/2013

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HERNANDEZ-GARCIA, SALVADORA09772-829ETOWA DENTN FACILIY827 FORRST AVNUEGADSDEN AL 35901
   
Executive Oce

Imigaon Rvw
Board of Imigration AppealsOce of he Clek
507 Leb Pke Se 2000Fals Churc, Vgii 2204
HS / ICE Oice of hief Counsel SND880 Frt St. Room 1234 Sa Diego CA 92101834Na: HERNANDZ-GARCA SALVADA 097-472829Date of this noice9 / 20 / 2013
cosed is a copy of the Bo's deciso a order  h above-rence cas.Ecosur
 : A   P Rg
Siceely,
D
c
W
Doa CaChf Cek
 k
Cite as: Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)
For more unpublished BIA decisions, visit www.irac.net/unpublished
 
 US   
Executive Oce

Immiation RevewFls Chrh, Virg
 2204
File:A07 472 82 S Dieg CA n re SALVADOR HEDEZGARCA N MOVAL ROCEEDINGSAPEALON BEHAF OF SPODENT:r eON BEHALF OF HSCHARGEKahrn Stuever Seir Ae
Deison ofe Bod of mmton Apels
Dae
SEP 2
0 213
 Nice: ec 237(a)(2)(A)(i) &Ac 8 USC § 1227(a)(2){)(i)] -Cnviced f crime invlving mral urpid (wihdra)Ldged: Sc237(a)(2)(A)(ii) & N Ac 8 USC§1227(a)(2)(A)(ii)]Cnviced f tw r mre crime ivling mral tpiudeAPLICATION Terminai f prcedinghe repnden appeal he Immiain Judge' April 5 2013 decii ndig himrmvable a chged and rdg him remved m e Unied Sae
1
e appa wl beuaid d e prceeding will be einaed her decii e Immigrai Judge und e repde remvable der ecin237(a)(2)(A)(ii) f he Iiai ad Nainali Ac 8 UC § 1227(a)(2)(A)(ii) bed hi Ocber 12 2004 cnvici r h ee f pe he in vilai f Caliia PealCde ecin 484( a) ad hi Augu 14 202 cnvicin r e ene f bucing reiing xecuiv cer i perfce f dui in vilai f Caliia nal Cd ec6 (J a 8)On appeal he repden cnend ha hi 2012 cnvicin r reiing e in vilai f Calia en Cde ecin 6 i n a crime invlvig mra urpiudeTheepnden cnnd ha e Dpen f Hmland Securi ("DH)ha  me i bdeni abihig i rmvabii a chged We aee
See
8 CFR § 1003(d)(3)(ii)(2013)
(de
novo
review)
The rpndn a naive and ciien f Mxic wa prviul aned ccelain f remalb  mmigrain Judge n Augu 24 200a deciin wa armed b  Bd Decmber 30 2010 (J a 3)The repnden ld a mn  einae in lieu f a brie he mi wa iiiall rejeced b h Bard a unime he rpnde reubmied e min  ia alg wi himn  accep he a lig e have cniderd he repnden min  rminae inrndering ur deciin
Cite as: Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)
 
A097  72 829It is undisputed at Calia Penal Code section 69 is not a categorical crime involvingmora tde (I.J at 5-6). Hoever, the Iiation udge d hat, under e moded categocal approac, he record of conviction esalises e respondents oense as onenvving moal itude ecause e respndent ped to Cont I chgng im wi resstngest ou e use  "rce d violence (. at 6; Ex. ) According to te ImmiationJudge he use of "rce d vioence raises e respondent's ense to te evel o morapitde (. at 7). Alteatvely, te Imiaon udge utilized he tird step of e nalyssset r
 Matter of Silva-Trevino,
2 &N ec. 687 (AG. 2008 and ooked o e olce reps to deteine at te respondent's ense involves moral urpitde (I. at 8).
 ths regd eIaon Judge noted at e pice repos sow bot te responden d the cers wereinjured duing te ncident (.J. at 8).The Bod as hed that te oense of resistng e is a crime involvig moral tdeonly when it resuts in odily  to te vicm, or vlved e reat o e use of deady rce
See Mater of Logan
17 I ec 367 (BIA 1980;
 Mater of Danesh
19&ec 669 (BIA 988). ection 69 f e Calia Penal Code provdes in erinent a "[ e]very person watempts by mes o y heat or iolence, to deter or prevent  executive ocer omperfong any duty imposed uon suc ocer by law, o wo oingly resists y e use of 
 forceor violence
suc cer, in e perfornce of is duties.
.
" See
CPC § 69 emphasisaddedHowever, we note hat te porion f he staute punishng resistance by "rce or  violence s not diise as t weher inju occued Indeed, resulant inju is nt element of e oense. In tis regard, subsequent to e Immatin udges decsion, teUted tates upreme Co decded 
Descamps v. United States
133 S.Ct. 2276 (201), odin  tat e mded categrical aprac may nt be appied wen e crime has a singleindisie set of elemens. Becase neither e teat o use of deady rce nor injur s aneleent of e respondent's ense nder 
Descamps
we ct apy te mded cateoricalapproach to nd hat the oense invoved such conduct r results.Fuer susequent to the Immgraon udge's decision he ted tates Co of Appeals te Nin Circuit where is case ises, invalidated te rd step of e
SilvaTrevino
analyss.
See OlivasMotta v Holder
716 3d 1199 (h Cir. 201) (ldng ta eidenceoutside e record of conviction co be used o deteine weter  alien as een"cnvicted o' a crime ivin moal ttde. Under ese crcumstces we cnot ne conviction documens in te record suciently estalish at e respondent's 2012cnvcon nvolves moral tpiude suc at e chge nder sectin 237a2A(i) of teAct c be susaied.As ere e no additiona cges odged in is case, e nd it appropriate to teinate te prceedings.Accordngly, e appeal wll e sustained d e proceedins wil be terminatedOER: Te apea is ssned, and e rceedngs e terminated.
-
f,
THEBO
c:_
Board Member Garry D Malphrus respctfully dissents witout searate oinio
2
Cite as: Salvador Hernandez-Garcia, A097 472 829 (BIA Sept. 20, 2013)

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