area. Most sprains, after proper medical evaluation, can be treated at home.
What to Do:
For a Suspected Broken Bone:If the injury involves your child's neck or back, do not move him unless the child is inimminent danger. Movement can cause serious nerve damage. Phone for emergency medicalhelp. If your child must be moved, the neck and back must be completely immobilized first.Keeping your child's head, neck, and back in alignment, move the child as a unit.If your child has an open break (bone protrudes through the skin) and there is severebleeding, apply pressure on the bleeding area with a gauze pad or a clean piece of clothingor other material. Do not wash the wound or try to push back any part of the bone that maybe sticking out.If your child must be moved, apply splints around the injured limb to prevent further injury.Leave the limb in the position you find it. The splints should be applied in that position.Splints can be made by using boards, brooms, a stack of newspapers, cardboard, oranything firm, and can be padded with pillows, shirts, towels, or anything soft. Splints mustbe long enough to extend beyond the joints above and below the fracture.Place cold packs or a bag of ice wrapped in cloth on the injured area.Keep your child lying down until medical help arrives.For a Suspected Sprain or Strain:If the injury involves your child's neck or back, do not move him unless the child is inimminent danger. Movement can cause serious nerve damage. Phone for emergency medicalhelp. If your child must be moved, the neck and back must be completely immobilized first.Keeping the head, neck, and back in alignment, move your child as a unit.It may be difficult to tell the difference between a sprain and a break. If there is any doubtwhatsoever, phone your child's doctor or take your child to the nearest hospital emergencydepartment. An X-ray can determine whether a bone is broken.First aid for sprains and strains includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (known asRICE).Rest the injured part of the body.Apply ice packs or cold compresses for up to 10 or 15 minutes at a time every few hours forthe first 2 days to prevent swelling.Wearing an elastic compression bandage (such as an ACE bandage) for at least 2 days willreduce swelling.Keep the injured part elevated above the level of the heart as much as possible to reduceswelling.Do not apply heat in any form for at least 24 hours. Heat increases swelling and pain.Your child's doctor may recommend an over-the-counter pain reliever such asacetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Under normal conditions, we all lose some body water every day in our sweat, tears, urine,and stools. Water also evaporates from our skin and leaves the body as vapor when webreathe. We usually replace this body fluid and the salts it contains with the water and saltsin our regular diet.
If your child has fever, diarrhea, or vomiting, or is sweating a lot on a hot day or duringintense physical activity, you should watch for signs of dehydration, which can include:- dry or sticky mouth