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Treatment for Heart Disease

Treatment for Heart Disease

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Published by: catherinegeetha on Jul 05, 2009
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02/04/2013

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Heart Disease
The term coronary heart disease covers a group of clinical syndromes arisingparticularly fromfailure of the coronary arteries to supply sufficient blood to the heart. They includeanginapeactoris, coronary thrombosis or heart attack and sudden death without infarction.There has been a marked increase in the incidence of heart disease in recent years.Heartattacks have become the number one killer in Western countries. They rank third inIndia, after tuberculosis and infections. The disease affects people of all ages and both sexes,although it ismore common in men than in women, especially among those aged 40-60 years.The heart, the most vital organ in the body, is a muscle about the size of a clenched fist.It startsworking even before birth inside the womb. Weighing less than 350 grms, it pumpsabout 4,300gallons of blood per day through the body and supplies oxygen and nourishment to alltheorgans. It beats 1,00,000 times a day, continuously pumping the blood through morethan60,000 miles of tiny blood vessels. The heart, in turn, needs blood for its nourishmentwhich issupplied by coronary arteries Coronary arteries are so called because they arearranged rather like a crown or carona. In case of strain, etc., the heart needs more blood and thearteries, under normal conditions, adjust themselves to the increased flow.In the event of narrowing or hardening of the arteries on account of their getting pluggedwithfatty substances, the flow of blood is restricted. The heart then does not get sufficientoxygen.This condition is known as ischaemia of the heart or angina pectoris. In this condition ,exerciseor excitement provokes severe chest pain and so it limits the patient’s physical activity. Itservesas a warning to slow down and prompt preventive measures will prevent a heart attack.If the narrowed arteries get blocked due to a clot or thrombus inside them, causingdeath of thatportion of the heart which depends upon the choked arteries, it is called a heart attackor coronary thrombosis. It may lead to death or heal, leaving a scar. Patients with healedlesionsmay be severely disabled or may be able to resume normal life with restrictions in their physicalactivities.
Symptoms
 
A common symptom of heart disease is shortness of breath which is caused by theblood beingdeprived of the proper amount of oxygen. Another common symptom is chest pain or pain downeither arm. Other symptoms are palpitation, fainting, emotional instability, cold handsand feet,frequent perspiration and fatigue. All these symptoms may be caused by many other disorders.Appropriate tests and studies are, therefore, essential to establish the true nature of thesesymptoms.
Causes
The basic causes of heart diseases are wrong dietary habits, faulty style of living andvariousstresses. The famous Framingham Heart Study of the National Heart and Lung Instituteidentified seven major risk factors in coronary heart disease. These are : (i) elevatedblood levelsof cholesterol, triglycerides and other fatty substances ( ii) elevated blood pressure (iii)elevatedblood uric acid levels (mainly caused by high protein diet), (iv) certain metabolicdisorders,notably diabetes, (v) obesity, (vi) smoking, and (vii) lack of physical exercise. Each or acombination of these risk factors can contribute to heart disease. Most of them are of dietaryorigin. These risk factors can be controlled by changing one’s life style and readjustingthe diet.Constant worry and tension stimulates the adrenal glands to produce more adrenalineandcartisons. This also contributes to constricted arteries, high blood pressure andincreased workfor the heart.
Treatment 
The fundamental conditioning factor in all heart diseases is the diet. A corrective dietdesigned to
Heart Diseasehttp://www.healthlibrary.com/reading/ncure/chap54.htm (1 of 3) [5/19/1999 9:25:58 PM]
alter body chemistry and improve the quality of general nutritional intake can, in manycases,reverse the degenerative changes which have occurred in the heart and blood vessels.The diet should be lacto-vegetarian, low in sodium and calories. It should consist of highquality,natural organic foods, with emphasis on whole grains, seeds, fresh fruits andvegetables. Foodswhich should be eliminated are all white flour products, sweets, chocolates, cannedfoods insyrup, soft drinks, squashes, all hard fats of animal origin such as butter, cream andfatty meats.
 
Salt and sugar should be reduced substantially. The patient should also avoid tea,coffee,alcohol and tobacco.The essential fatty acids which reduce serum cholesterol levels and minimise the risk of arteriosclerosis can be obtained from sunflower seed oil, corn oil or safflower oil.Several studieshave indicated that garlic can reduce the cholesterol level in persons whose bodynormallycannot regulate the cholesterol fractions. Other important cholesterol lowering foods arealfalfaand yogurt. Lecithin helps prevent fatty deposits in arteries. Best food sources areunrefined,raw, crude vegetable oils, seeds and grains.Fruits and vegetables in general are highly beneficial in the treatment of heart disease.Seasonalfruits are quite effective heart tonics. Apples especially contain heart stimulatingproperties andthe patients suffering from the weakness of heart should make liberal use of apples andapple jams. Fresh grapes, pineapples, oranges,custard apples, pomegranaes and coconutwater alsotone up the heart. Grapes are effective in heart pain and palpitation of the heart and thediseasecan be rapidly controlled if the patient adopts an exclusive grapes diet for few days.Grape juice,especially will be valuable when one is actually suffering from a heart attack.Indian gooseberry or amla is considered an effective home remedy for heart disease. Ittones upthe functions of all the organs of the body and builds up health by destroying theheterogeneouselements and renewing lost energy.Another excellent home remedy for heart disease is onions. They are useful innormalising thepercentage of blood cholesterol by oxidising excess cholesterol. One teaspoon of rawonion juice first thing in the morning will be highly beneficial in such cases.Honey has marvellous properties to prevent all sorts of heart disease. It tones up theheart andimproves the circulation. It is also effective in cardiac pain and palpitation of the heart.Onetablespoonful daily after food is sufficient to prevent all sorts of heart troubles.Patients with heart disease should increase their intake of foods rich in vitamin E, asthis vitaminpromotes the functioning of the heart by improving oxygeneration of the cells. It alsoimprovesthe circulation and muscle strength. Many whole meal products and green vegetables,particularly outer leaves of cabbage are good sources of vitamin E. The vitamin B groupis

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