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The Blessing of Levi. His Urim and Thummim.

The Blessing of Levi. His Urim and Thummim.

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Published by glennpease

BY WM. PARKINSON, A. M.



DEUT. xxxin. 811. And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim
and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at
Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meri*
bah; who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not
seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew
his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy
covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy Judgments, and Israel
thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt
sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and ac
cept the work of his hands : smite through the loins of them
that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise
not again.

BY WM. PARKINSON, A. M.



DEUT. xxxin. 811. And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim
and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at
Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meri*
bah; who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not
seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew
his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy
covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy Judgments, and Israel
thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt
sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and ac
cept the work of his hands : smite through the loins of them
that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise
not again.

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Published by: glennpease on Sep 26, 2013
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THE BLESSIG OF LEVI. HIS URIM AD THUMMIM.BY WM. PARKISO, A. M.DEUT. xxxin. 811. And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummimand thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove atMassah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meri*bah; who said unto his father and to his mother, I have notseen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knewhis own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thycovenant. They shall teach Jacob thy Judgments, and Israelthy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burntsacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and accept the work of his hands : smite through the loins of themthat rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they risenot again.THE tribe of Levi, like that of Judah, made avery conspicuous figure among the thousands of Israel. From Judah preceded their kings; fromLevi, their priests.The blessing here pronounced upon this tribe, asyou must have observed in hearing it read, is richand various, including many honors and privileges ;and though it implied, that the Levites in common,and the priests in particular, would have much laborto perform and much opposition to encounter, it alsoassured them, that their services should be divinelyaccepted and their enemies divinely vanquished,At present, however, we can attend only to somuch of this blessing as is expressed in the first36
 
268 THE BLESSIG OF LEVI. [sER. IX.verse of the text, which reads thus: And of Levi hesaid, that is, Moses, in a way of prayer to God, andin a way of prophetic instruction to Israel, said, Letthy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy Holy One,whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whomthou didst strive at the waters of Meribah.The literal interpretation which I may be enabledto give of this part of the text, will necessarilyaccompany the investigation proper to be attempted,respecting the THUMMIM and URIM. These arefirst mentioned in Exo. xxviii. 30. where the wordsstand in the contrary order URIM and THUMMIM, asthey also do in Levit. viii. 8. Ezra ii. 63. and eh.vii. 65 ; and which, besides our text, are the onlyplaces in which the words occur together. Twice,however, we find URIM put for both. See Jum. xxvii.21 and 1 Sam. xxviii. 6.ow, concerning the Urim and Thummim, (for inthis order I shall consider them,) let us inquire,First, What they were. Here it becomes us toprocede with great modesty; these sacred articlesbeing confessedly buried in the depths of antiquityand covered with the lumber of talmudic tradition.The Talmudists say that king Josiah (I supposethey mean in prospect of troubles then coming uponthe nation) hid the Urim and Thummim underground, in a cave before prepared by Solomon, andthat the Jews on their return from Babylon, couldnot find them;* and accordingly the same writersmention them as one of Jive things which they affirmto have been wanting in the second temple ;f to wit,* See Cunseus, De Republica Hebraorum, 1. 1. c. 14.
 
f Lightfoot's Works, Vol. 1. p. 408.SKR. IX.] MIS UKIM AD TMUMMIM. 2691. The Ark with the Mercy-seat and Cherubim2. The Shecheenah* 3. The fire from heaven whichconsumed the sacrifices. 4. The Holy Ghost, as theSpirit of Prophecy. And 5. The Urim and Thum-mim-What became of the Urim and Thummim, wecannot satisfactorily ascertain ; but whether theywere hid by Josiah, or any other person, or burnt orotherwise destroyed or lost, during the invasion of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple by theChaldeans, it is manifest from Ezra ii. 63, that theJews were without them when they returned fromBabylon ; nor does it appear by any inspired record,that they were ever used under the second temple.Hence, in process of time, the Jews lost the trueidea of them. This is evident from the diversity of opinion respecting them, which has obtained amongtheir learned men. Several of their distinguishedRabbies, among whom are David Kimclii\ andAben Ezra,\ have candidly confessed, that they didnot know what they were ; and their less diffidentbrethren have been much divided in opinion on thesubject. Most of them, it is true, after the Targumof Jonathan, have supposed that the Urim andfrom p# Shakan to dwell, denotes the Divine Presence,or Majesty dvVelling in a luminous cloud in the tabernacle andtemple, and which gave to them a peculiar sanctity. Exo. xxix.43. 1 Kings viii. 10, 11. This cloud, though it occasionally ap-peared in other places, usually hovered over the Mercy-seat, the

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