Precipitation is defined as water in liquid or solid form falling on the earth surface.
Types of precipitation and its characteristics
It is classified into three type
s viz., Conventional precipitation, Orographic precipitation,Frontal precipitation.
1. Conventional precipitation:
This type of precipitation occurs due to convection overturning of moist air. Conventional precipitation results in heavy showery rainfall. Themajor forms of precipitation associated with this type are rains or snow showers, hail orsnow pellets. Convention is upward movement of relatively warm air. Hail is an Icepellets along with rain and updrafts of cumulonimbus clouds leads to hail.
2. Orographic precipitation:
Precipitation resulting from raising and cooling of airmasses when they are blocked by a topographical barrier (mountains). The barriers areimportant factor in increasing the rainfall on windward slopes. E.g: Cherrapunjii inAssam
10000 mm of rainfall
Here the mountain barriers lie across the paths ofmoisture bearing winds.
3. Frontal precipitation:
It is produced when airs current converge and rise. Mostprecipitation results from condensation and sublimation. This type occurs mainly inmiddle latitude.a.
Aerial extent of rainstormc.
Frequency of rainstorms