Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
22Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Agricultural Meteorology - Part - III

Agricultural Meteorology - Part - III

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 563|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Maruthavanan Ganapathy on Jul 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/21/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 1
FACULTY OF AGRICULTUREDEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY
B.Sc. AGRICULTUREAGR 121: AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGYTHEORY NOTES
ChapterNo.Chapter Name Page No.Part - I1.
 
Introduction to Agricultural Meteorology22.
 
Atmosphere63.
 
Weather and Climate184.
 
Solar Radiation and Light395.
 
Temperature57Part
II6.
 
Atmospheric Pressure27.
 
Wind128.
 
Atmospheric Humidity (Moisture)279.
 
Clouds and Precipitation3310.
 
Evaporation and Transpiration39Part - III11.
 
Precipitation
 
212.
 
Agroclimatic Zones2313.
 
Agroclimatic normals for field crops2614.
 
Weather Forecasting3015.
 
Agricultural Seasons of India35
ANNAMALAI UNIVERSITY
 
 
 2
Part
IIIChapter
11Precipitation
Precipitation is defined as water in liquid or solid form falling on the earth surface.
Types of precipitation and its characteristics
It is classified into three type
s viz., Conventional precipitation, Orographic precipitation,Frontal precipitation.
1. Conventional precipitation:
This type of precipitation occurs due to convection overturning of moist air. Conventional precipitation results in heavy showery rainfall. Themajor forms of precipitation associated with this type are rains or snow showers, hail orsnow pellets. Convention is upward movement of relatively warm air. Hail is an Icepellets along with rain and updrafts of cumulonimbus clouds leads to hail.
2. Orographic precipitation:
Precipitation resulting from raising and cooling of airmasses when they are blocked by a topographical barrier (mountains). The barriers areimportant factor in increasing the rainfall on windward slopes. E.g: Cherrapunjii inAssam
10000 mm of rainfall
Here the mountain barriers lie across the paths ofmoisture bearing winds.
3. Frontal precipitation:
It is produced when airs current converge and rise. Mostprecipitation results from condensation and sublimation. This type occurs mainly inmiddle latitude.a.
 
Rainfall intensityb.
 
Aerial extent of rainstormc.
 
Frequency of rainstorms
 
 3
Hydrological cycle:
 It consists of four major steps viz., Evaporation, transportation, condensation andprecipitation.
1. Evaporation:
The primary source of water vapour in the atmosphere is the moistureevaporated from the Ocean (99%) and lands a small extent from transpiration.
2. Transportation:
Humid tropical air masses, which become cool as they travel poleward, were carrying huge quantity of water vapour.
3. Condensation:
Warm air raises and water vapour is condensed.
4. Precipitation:
The condensed water vapour float through the air in the form of cloudsthrough the barrier of adiabatic cooling. Extensive air masses fall below the dew point.Water particle increase in size until they are too heavy to float and then they fall as rainor snow or other forms of precipitation.
Forms of precipitation
1. Rainfall:
This is one kind of precipitation received through the cycle know ashydrological cycle. It is a never-ending cycle between Ocean, atmosphere and land.
2. Drizzle:
Minute droplets of water having a diameter less than half a millimeter or0.02 inches. The intensity is very light and the fine droplets of water hardly reach theground. It falls continuously from low stratus type of clouds.
3. Snow:
It is formed by crystallization of water vapour at temperature below freezingpoint through the process of sublimation. A snow cover is poor conductor and keepsthe soil temperature higher. Much useful in agriculture in region where the winter aresevere. It prevents soil freezing and protects roots of the plant.

Activity (22)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
amex1980 liked this
amex1980 liked this
nvanthao liked this
glovashu liked this
glovashu liked this
HABIBZEYAD liked this
Krishna Ray liked this
Krishna Ray liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->