Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
16Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
General Rules of Electrical Installation Design_chapter_A

General Rules of Electrical Installation Design_chapter_A

Ratings:

5.0

(2)
|Views: 2,052|Likes:
For the best results in electrical installation design it is recommended to read all the chapters of this guide in the order in which they are presented.The study of a proposed electrical installation requires an adequate understanding of
all governing rules and regulations.The total power demand can be calculated from the data relative to the location and power of each load, together with the knowledge of the operating modes (steady state demand, starting conditions, non simultaneous operation, etc.)
From these data, the power required from the supply source and (where appropriate)
the number of sources necessary for an adequate supply to the installation are
readily obtained. Local information regarding tariff structures is also required to allow the best choice of connection arrangement to the power-supply network, e.g. at medium voltage or low voltage level.
For the best results in electrical installation design it is recommended to read all the chapters of this guide in the order in which they are presented.The study of a proposed electrical installation requires an adequate understanding of
all governing rules and regulations.The total power demand can be calculated from the data relative to the location and power of each load, together with the knowledge of the operating modes (steady state demand, starting conditions, non simultaneous operation, etc.)
From these data, the power required from the supply source and (where appropriate)
the number of sources necessary for an adequate supply to the installation are
readily obtained. Local information regarding tariff structures is also required to allow the best choice of connection arrangement to the power-supply network, e.g. at medium voltage or low voltage level.

More info:

Published by: Jaime R. Fulguerinas on Jul 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Schneider Electric - Electrical installation guide 2009
A
   ©   S  c   h  n  e   i   d  e  r   E   l  e  c   t  r   i  c  -  a   l   l  r   i  g   h   t  s  r  e  s  e  r  v  e   d
Chapter AGeneral rules o electricalinstallation design
Contents
 
Methodology
 
A2
 
Rules and statutory regulations
 
A4
2.1 Denition o voltage ranges A42.2 Regulations A52.3 Standards A52.4 Quality and saety o an electrical installation A62.5 Initial testing o an installation A62.6 Periodic check-testing o an installation A72.7 Conormity (with standards and specications) o equipmentused in the installation A72.8 Environment A8
Installed power loads - Characteristics A0
3.1 Induction motors A103.2 Resistive-type heating appliances and incandescent lamps (conventional or halogen) A12
Power loading o an installation A5
4.1 Installed power (kW) A154.2 Installed apparent power (kVA) A154.3 Estimation o actual maximum kVA demand A164.4 Example o application o actors ku and ks A174.5 Diversity actor A184.6 Choice o transormer rating A194.7 Choice o power-supply sources A20
 
23
 
4
 
 
Schneider Electric - Electrical installation guide 2009
A - General rules o electrical installation design
A2
   ©   S  c   h  n  e   i   d  e  r   E   l  e  c   t  r   i  c  -  a   l   l  r   i  g   h   t  s  r  e  s  e  r  v  e   d
For the best results in electrical installation design it is recommended to read all thechapters o this guide in the order in which they are presented.
Listing o power demands
The study o a proposed electrical installation requires an adequate understanding oall governing rules and regulations.The total power demand can be calculated rom the data relative to the location andpower o each load, together with the knowledge o the operating modes (steadystate demand, starting conditions, non simultaneous operation, etc.)From these data, the power required rom the supply source and (where appropriate)the number o sources necessary or an adequate supply to the installation arereadily obtained.Local inormation regarding tari structures is also required to allow the best choiceo connection arrangement to the power-supply network, e.g. at medium voltage orlow voltage level.
Service connection
This connection can be made at:
b
Medium Voltage levelA consumer-type substation will then have to be studied, built and equipped. Thissubstation may be an outdoor or indoor installation conorming to relevant standardsand regulations (the low-voltage section may be studied separately i necessary).Metering at medium-voltage or low-voltage is possible in this case.
b
Low Voltage levelThe installation will be connected to the local power network and will (necessarily) bemetered according to LV taris.
Electrical Distribution architecture
The whole installation distribution network is studied as a complete system.A selection guide is proposed or determination o the most suitable architecture.MV/LV main distribution and LV power distribution levels are covered.Neutral earthing arrangements are chosen according to local regulations, constraintsrelated to the power-supply, and to the type o loads.The distribution equipment (panelboards, switchgears, circuit connections, ...) aredetermined rom building plans and rom the location and grouping o loads.The type o premises and allocation can infuence their immunity to externaldisturbances.
Protection against electric shocks
The earthing system (TT, IT or TN) having been previously determined, then theappropriate protective devices must be implemented in order to achieve protectionagainst hazards o direct or indirect contact.
Circuits and switchgear
Each circuit is then studied in detail. From the rated currents o the loads, the levelo short-circuit current, and the type o protective device, the cross-sectional areao circuit conductors can be determined, taking into account the nature o thecableways and their infuence on the current rating o conductors.Beore adopting the conductor size indicated above, the ollowing requirements mustbe satised:
b
The voltage drop complies with the relevant standard
b
Motor starting is satisactory
b
Protection against electric shock is assuredThe short-circuit current
I
sc is then determined, and the thermal and electrodynamicwithstand capability o the circuit is checked.These calculations may indicate that it is necessary to use a conductor size largerthan the size originally chosen.The perormance required by the switchgear will determine its type andcharacteristics.
The use o cascading techniques and the discriminative
operation o uses andtripping o circuit breakers are examined.
 Methodology
A - General rules o electrical installation design B – Connection to the MV utility distribution network C - Connection to the LV utility distribution network D - MV & LV architecture selection guide F - Protection against electric shocks G - Sizing and protection o conductors H - LV switchgear: unctions & selection E - LV Distribution 
 
Schneider Electric - Electrical installation guide 2009
A - General rules o electrical installation design
A3
   ©   S  c   h  n  e   i   d  e  r   E   l  e  c   t  r   i  c  -  a   l   l  r   i  g   h   t  s  r  e  s  e  r  v  e   d
Protection against overvoltages
Direct or indirect lightning strokes can damage electrical equipment at a distanceo several kilometers. Operating voltage surges, transient and industrial requencyover-voltage can also produce the same consequences.The eects are examinedand solutions are proposed.
Energy eciency in electrial distribution
Implementation o measuring devices with an adequate communication systemwithin the electrical installation can produce high benets or the user or owner:reduced power consumption, reduced cost o energy, better use o electricalequipment.
Reactive energy
The power actor correction within electrical installations is carried out locally,globally or as a combination o both methods.
Harmonics
Harmonics in the network aect the quality o energy and are at the origin o manydisturbances as overloads, vibrations, ageing o equipment, trouble o sensitiveequipment, o local area networks, telephone networks. This chapter deals with theorigins and the eects o harmonics and explain how to measure them and presentthe solutions.
Particular supply sources and loads
Particular items or equipment are studied:
b
Specic sources such as alternators or inverters
b
Specic loads with special characteristics, such as
induction motors, lightingcircuits or LV/LV transormers
b
Specic systems, such as direct-current networks
Generic applications
Certain premises and locations are subject to particularly strict regulations: the mostcommon example being residential dwellings.
EMC Guidelines
Some basic rules must be ollowed in order to ensure Electromagnetic Compatibility.Non observance o these rules may have serious consequences in the operation othe electrical installation: disturbance o communication systems, nuisance trippingo protection devices, and even destruction o sensitive devices.
Ecodial sotware
Ecodial sotware
(1)
provides a complete design package or LV installations, inaccordance with IEC standards and recommendations.The ollowing eatures are included:
b
Construction o one-line diagrams
b
Calculation o short-circuit currents
b
Calculation o voltage drops
b
Optimization o cable sizes
b
Required ratings o switchgear and usegear
b
Discrimination o protective devices
b
Recommendations or cascading schemes
b
Verication o the protection o people
b
Comprehensive print-out o the oregoing calculated design data
J – Protection against voltage surges in LV L - Power actor correction and harmonic ltering N - Characteristics o particular sources and loads P - Residential and other special locations M - Harmonic management 
(1) Ecodial is a Merlin Gerin product and is available in Frenchand English versions.
 Methodology
K – Energy eciency in electrical distribution Q - EMC guideline 

Activity (16)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
victorb liked this
adamshih liked this
mhofu liked this
bebebucataru liked this
engnajeeb75 liked this
senthil.39667410 liked this
baetul liked this
jhelum74280 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->