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Islamology - Ali Shariati

Islamology - Ali Shariati

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Published by BMT-link
Islamology - Ali Shariati
Islamology - Ali Shariati

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Published by: BMT-link on Jul 06, 2009
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01/02/2013

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Islamology
The Basic Design for a School of Thought and Action
 by:
Dr. Ali Shariati
Introduction
 I present a geometrical figure of a school of thought and an ide-ology which every Islamologist and aware Muslim should have of Islam, not only as explanation of their religious belief but as a logoof a school of thought and ideology.Gaston Bachelard, one of the greatest thinkers of ourage, com- parable to Descartes and Plato, who, unfortunately died a fewyears ago being quite unknown, believed that when an idea can beconceptualized in a geometric form, it has found its proper lan-guage in which to express and explain itself. That is, when an ideafinds geometrical expression, this idea has found thebest languageof its expression.Any idea which can be conceptualized and then expressedthrough a geometric form, is itself proof of its being both valid andsound. The most exact scientific concepts in the world are mathe-matical ones. If we are able to express our philosophical or ideologi-cal ideas in mathematical or geometrical language, we have both
 
found the best language to express our concepts as well as the best proof of the fact that intellectual ideas are logical as opposed to philosophies and religions which have to engage in discussion,argumentation, sophistry, debates and comparisons to prove their logic.There, one will have chosen the weakest language of expres-sion from the view of reasoning and logic.If, instead, one could make use of mathematics as the languageof expression for an intellectual, philosophical or religious schoolor even literary or artistic school, it is then that a school of thoughtwill have succeeded in finding expression through logical reason-ing, proving itself to be both logical and scientific.I wanted to add just one point. A school shows whether or notit is a natural form, whether or not its curve is normal or abnormal,whether or not its form is heterogeneous or homogeneous throughthe geometric form in which it is expressed. That is, one canunderstand the natural qualities of a school from its geometricexpression....
Scholars and Scholars
 There is a great difference between knowledge which has beenunderstood and knowledge which has just been learned. You mayknow people who are very knowledgeable about a famous person,
 
 book or school but not understand the person, book or school. Whatis the difference between these two? If I succeed in expressing thedifference between these two, I will, then, have succeeded inexplaining the difference between a real Islamic scholar and a person who has simply learned about Islam but does not under-stand it.There are some Islamic scholars who understand Islam andthere are some Islamic scholars - many, as a matter of fact - whohave only learned about Islam. On the other hand, there are somewho understand Islam well but are not considered to be Islamicscholars.The same difference exists in literature, in the case of some pro-fessors who know, for instance, how many manuscripts of the poems of Hafiz exist in the world, where each one is, what theweight or dimension of the volumes are, how many poems or which different ones are included in each edition and who knowthe names and attributes of all those who were praised by Hafiz,what effect they had upon him, what their position was in relationto him, etc. They know how many Persian or Arabic words exist inHafiz's poems or they know all of the allusions and historicalreferences made by Hafiz, but they in no way understand Hafiz.

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