Ye are the best of Peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had Faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have Faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.
Although Allah Almighty has specified Muslims as the best of peoples among allmankind, this superiority is conditional upon the following three qualities:
Enjoining what is right (Good and righteous conduct and deeds)
Forbidding what is wrong (All unlawful acts of vice, evil and transgression)
Belief in AllahAs long as Muslims hold fast to these three principles and adopt them in their dailylives, they are blessed with qualitative superiority by Allah Almighty. Those Muslimswho fail to abide by these regulations can claim no such distinction from the rest of mankind.This is one of the principle verses of the Quran from which the concept of
ر كنملا ع ىه و فورملا ب را
(Enjoining good and forbidding evil) is derived. Thefollowing is a word by word explanation of the concept:
(Order, Command): Depending on the social level of the individual thenature of the command also varies accordingly. For those in authority and a position of power such as a ruler of a state or a local governor, or parents it isin the form of a direct law or command to their subject peoples or children.While in the case of a friend, sibling, or colleague it can only take the form of sincere advice as the element of authority is lacking in such relationships.
(Known, Famous): Ways of good conduct, deeds and behaviour thatare so well known and universally valued that no elaboration is necessary.Theft, Murder, Slander, Lies, etc. are universally known as evil traits amongall peoples of the world. Likewise Truth, Charity, Peace, Fidelity etc. areuniversally cherished values of good.
(Forbiddance): As in the case of
ability to forbid others from evilvaries according to the level of authority. Those in a position of means and power are able to stamp out evil with an iron fist. While those lacking suchmeans have to resort to sincere advice, mild rebukes and abandonmentaccording to the severity of the deed.
(Detestable, Outrageous, Rejected): All acts of evil condemned by Allahin The Holy Quran and forbidden by the Holy Prophet These are both adanger to the perpetrator as well as being a menace to society at large.Using the above the Islamic concept of
ركنملا ع ىه و فورملا ب را
can be summedup as commanding/advising others to good(Public
) conduct andforbidding/dissuading them from evil conduct.
Al-Quran / Aal- Imran (3:110)
Literal Tr. Order with (that which is) known and forbiddance from detestable/outrageous
Private vice and evil is a matter between the perpetrator and Allah.
ركنملا ع ىه و فورملا ب را
is asocial concept concerned with the preservation of good and eradication of evil from society as a whole.Hence efforts by certain countries that have created departments of Vice & Virtue and intrude into peoples private lives are misguided and have no precedent in Islamic History.