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Published by miningnova
Stellate wollastonite occurs in the outer margin of the wollastonite zone of the calc silicate rocks, slightly away from the granite-limestone contact in Jothwad Hill, Panchmahal District, Gujrat, India
Stellate wollastonite occurs in the outer margin of the wollastonite zone of the calc silicate rocks, slightly away from the granite-limestone contact in Jothwad Hill, Panchmahal District, Gujrat, India

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Published by: miningnova on Jul 06, 2009
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J. A.)
and DELABIO (R. N.), 1965. Amer. Min., vol. 50, p. 682.CLARK
(A. H.),
1966a. Comptes Rend. Soc. g4ol. Finlande, vo]. 38, p. 331.
1966b. lqeues Jahrb. Min., Monatsh., vol. 10, p. 300.
DEER (W. A.), HOWIE (R. A.), and ZlYSSMAN J.), 1962. Rock-forming minerals,vol. 5, Non-silicates. Longmans, London.EVANS (H. T.), MILTON(C.), CIIAO (E. C. W.), ADLER (I.), MEAD (C.), INGRA3fl[ B.),
(R. A.),
1964. U.S. Geol. Surv., ProL Paper 475-D, p. D64.GREEN (D. H.), 1964. Journ. Petrology, vol. 5, p. 134.Kocvo (0.), VIYORELAI~E~ Y.), and LoI~o (J. V. P.), 1963. Amer. Min., vol. 48,p. 511.TAKENO
1965. Journ. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., set. C, vol. 4, p. 455.
[Manuscript received 15 May 1967]
Stellate wollastonite from calc silicate skarns ofJothwad Hill, Panchmahal District, Gujrat, India
IN his classic account of the manganese ore deposits of India, Fermor(1909) has described in detail the geology of Jothwad Hill. The hill liesabout 31 Km north of Jambughoda, a pre-merger state capital, about16 Km north of Bodeli junction on the ]~ratapgunj-Chote-Udepurbranch line of the Western Railway. Here intricately folded gonditicgneiss and crystalline limestones have been invaded by a porphyriticbiotite granite and its differentiates, with the result that a variety ofinteresting manganese and calc silicate minerals have been produced.Stellate wollastonite occurs in the outer margin of the wollastonitezone of the calc silicate rocks, slightly away from the granite-limestonecontact. A recent study by Sadashivaiah (1963) of the calc silicateskarns of the hill, with special reference to wollastonite paragenesis, failsto mention the stellate mode of occurrence of wollastonite reported here.As far as known to the authors, ste]late wollastonite is not previouslyreported from India.The stellate wollastonite aggregates are set in a matrix of calcite andother cale silicates, and are circular to ovoid in shape, ranging from 5 to4 cm in diameter, and consisting of well-defined radiating needles ofwollastonite. In general they exhibit a tendency for crowding, althoughscattered ones are not uncommon. In closely packed condition, they formrounded polygons, apparently due to mutual interference at the time ofcrystalloblastic growth. Actual merging is also common. Many of thelarge stellate bodies have grown around quartz granules while thesmaller, more closely packed ones lack such nuclei.
In thin sections, especially large sections, the stellate forms are seento consist of radiating needles of wollastonite in a fine grained mosaicof calcite, diopside, grossular, and radiating or randomly oriented bladesand sheaves of wollastonite. The outer rim exhibits a micrographic inter-growth of wollastonite, calcite, and quartz together with the ends ofradially arranged wollastonite needles and additional stouter rods of thesame, similar to those of the interstellate areas. The stouter wollastoniterods show a preferred orientation parallel to the rim indicating thatthey may have rotated into position prior to engulfment in the stellategrowth. Another interesting feature revealed in thin sections is theoccurrence of a thin selvedge of quartz containing granules of wollastoniteat the sharp junction of the rim with calcite.The optical characters of the stellate wollastonite are: a 1.619,fl 1.631, ~ 1.633; 2V~ 39~ ~:[001] 31 ~ These are identical to thosefound by Sadashivaiah (1963).Wollastonite paragenesis at contacts between limestone and intrusives
has been discussed by various authors, e.g. Pitcher (1950), Narayanas-wami (1962), Reddy (1964), and Sadashivaiah (1963), and is evidentlyrelated to high temperature and introduction of silica metasomatica]ly.The relative role of detrital and introduced silica has been discussed bySadashivaiah (1963). In the present case, introduction of silica was nodoubt an important feature in wollastonite formation, as is apparentfrom the occurrence of a thin selvedge of quartz containing granules ofcalcite and some wollastonite at the sharp junction of these two min-erals. However from its formation around quartz nuclei the stellategrowth, it appears, was initiated by the reaction between detrital silicaand calcite and later enhanced by introduced ionized silica from thegranite intrusion. Concentration of stellate growths, restricted to theouter margin of the wollastonite zone, can be explained as due to lowtemperature and consequent fall in the supply of introduced silica withincreasing distance from the magmatic source. It seems that outwardsin the wollastonite zone margin, just enough silica was introduced toenhance the growth of the needles but not to produce big crystals.
University of Poona,
7, P.D.
The authors gratefully acknowledge a grant from the authoritiesof the University of Poona for this study.

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