Iran Zinc mines Development Company: Industry Overview and…
Iran Zinc Mines Development Company: IndustryOverview and R&D Center Research Activities
A. Rashtchi*, D. Moradkhani** and H.A. Ghanbari
*Mineral Processing Leadership, **Managing DirectorAssociated Professor,R&D Center, Iran Zinc Mines Development CompanyFaculty of Engineering, Zanjan University
Ever since the establishment of Iran Zinc Mines Development Company in 1996, it has played asignificant role in promoting positive potentials for the Zinc metal industry in Iran. For the reason that theAngouran ore has a distinct nature, and as one of largest nonsolfide reserve in the world, any other contemporarytechniques failed to process the suitable minerals efficiently. Research and development center in IZMDC pursues efficient and feasible approach to the processing and recovering the Zinc and Lead minerals. Main purposes of these studies are to increase the recovery of Zinc metal in refineries and moreover to undertake newmethods and techniques.
These studies categorized as: Conventional methods of mineral processing, Moderntechniques such as SX and recovering the residuals in tailing and very low grade ore.
1. BRIEF BACKGROUND1.1Company
Ever since the establishment of Iran Zinc MinesDevelopment Company in 1996, it has played asignificant role in promoting positive potentialsfor the Zinc metal industry in Iran.Company's contribution to Iran's overallZinc and Lead metal production constitutes 85%and 95% respectively. This make companylargest producer of zinc in Middle East.Subsidiaries of IZMDC consist of largest Iranlead and zinc mineral processing plant (CalciminCo.) in Dandi Zanjan province and 100,000 toncapacity calcination plant in Zanjan (Zangan zincindustry Co.) and also seven zinc refinery plantas below:
30,000tpy Bafgh Smelting Co. plant
20,000tpy Calcimin Co. Qeshm plant
12,000tpy Calcimin Co. Bandar Abbas plant
18,000tpy Calcimin Co. Dandi plant
12,000tpy Calcimin Co. Zanjan plant
15,000tpy National Iran Lead and zinc Co. plant
18,000tpy Faravary Mavad Maadani Co. plantIn addition there is a 30,000t Lead smelting plant in National Lead and Zinc Co. site. There isan intense intention to build a 100,000t capacity plant in cooperation of consortium Iranian andEuropean companies, is in progress. This plantdesigned to recover 94% of zinc content of feedore and 84% of lead.
Angouran mine is the most important ore supplyfor Iran lead and zinc industry. More than 80% of zinc product in Iran is dependent to excavatedore from this mine that is mostly oxide ore. Thismine cosidered as non sulphide lead and zincreserve carrying >16 Mt 26% Zn and 4%Pb.Location of the deposit is about 120 Km NWZanjan in Zagross montains.Ore body hosted by complex consists of marbels and schists overlayed by sedimentaryand volcanic sequence. Complex ore bodyconsisists of an oxid cap, underlyed by a mixedsulphid-oxid body, then downwarded into Zn-Pbsulphide ore (Approximate
Pb < 3%, Zn> 40%)The upper level of the ore body aredominated by smithsonite-rich ore. Other phasesare composed of carbonated oreand supergenweatherd ore. In this phase minerals are Zn–richclays, mimetite,smithsonite,hydroxy and oxide of Fe and Mn, calcite, hydrozicite and hemi-morphite. Beneth of the ore body is limited tofootwal schist; proximity to fottwall schistmixture of oxid and sulphide ore is present. Main