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Podoceridae Amphipods of Tropical Australia

Podoceridae Amphipods of Tropical Australia

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Australian Museum science is reely accessible online atwww.australianmuseum.net.au/Scientifc-Publications6 College Street, Sydney NSW 2010, Australia
nature culture
Hughes, L. E., 2013. Podoceridae of tropical Australia (Peracarida: Amphipoda).
Records of the Australian Museum
65(1): 1–37. [Published inprint and online 12 June 2013].http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.65.2013.1592ISSN 0067-1975 (print), ISSN 2201-4349 (online)Published by the Australian Museum, Sydney 
© The Author, 2013. Journal compilation © Australian Museum, Sydney, 2013
 Records of the Australian Museum
65 (1): 1–37 (2013)ISSN 0067-1975 print, ISSN 2201-4349 onlinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.65.2013.1592
Podoceridae of Tropical Australia(Peracarida: Amphipoda)
L. E. H
Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney New South Wales 2010, Australialauren.hughes@austmus.gov.au
. Thirteen taxa in the family Podoceridae are reported from tropical Australia, including six newspecies and four new records.
 Podocerus hanapepe
J. L. Barnard, 1970,
 P. talegus lawai
J. L. Barnard,1970,
 P. walkeri
Rabindranath, 1972
 P. zeylanicus
(Walker, 1904) are reported from Australia for the
rst time. New distribution records are provided for 
 P. crenulatus
Myers, 1985,
 P. lobatus
(Haswell, 1885)and
 Laetmatophilus dabberi
Barnard & Drummond, 1981. The six new species
 Podocerus clavicarius
 P. ferreus
sp. nov.,
 P. miscix
sp. nov.,
 P. orontes
sp. nov.,
 P. rockingham
sp. nov., and
 L. triceratops
 sp. nov. are described.
H, L. E. 2013
. Podoceridae of tropical Australia (Peracarida: Amphipoda).
 Records of the Australian Museum
 65(1): 1–37.
Podocerids are benthic lter-feeding amphipods common
in shallow-water marine systems, occurring on algae, bryozoans, floating debris and are often part of the
fouling community associated with articial structures. In
 podocerids, morphological variation with growth stages
and/or sexual dimorphism, causes difculty in dening
species groups. Tropical podocerids in particular exhibitmuch larger distribution ranges in comparison to temperate podocerid species. As such, tropical podocerid are the subjectof much confusion within the literature, with many earlyworkers recognizing the occurrence of such variation, anddocumenting their observations and apprehensiveness about
dening intra- and inter-specic variation (Pirlot, 1938;Rabindranath, 1972; Ledoyer, 1979a; J. L. Barnard, 1971).This study has beneted greatly from the high abundance
of podocerids in samples examined. The opportunity to
observe juvenile, male and female specimens has conrmedintra-specic variation for several species. The presence of 
dorsal carinae and gnathopod 2 propodus palmar teeth areknown to vary with growth stage and gender. Importantspecies level characters which remain consistent with growth
stage include: the gnathopod 1 coxal shape; fusion of carpusand propodus; carpus and propodus form; as well as presence
of the uropod 1 and 2 ventromedial spine.
Materials and methods
Material examined for this study were amphipod holdings predominantly from shallow-water (0–50 m) samples invarious collections of the Australian Museum (AM), Museumand Art Gallery of the Northern Territory (MAGNT), WesternAustralian Museum (WAM), and Bernice P. Bishop Museum,Hawaii (BPBM). Material was dissected in 80% ethanol.Permanent slides were made using
™ mountingmedium. Specimens were prepared for electron microscopyas follows: preserving solution was sequentially advanced
in 5% increments from 80% to 100% ethanol; critical pointdried; mounted individually on pins and gold sputter coated.
Images were captured using on a Zeiss EVO LS15 ScanningElectron Microscope with Robinson Backscatter Detector (SEM). Abbreviations for parts are as follows:
 —accessory agellum;
2 Records of the Australian Museum (2013) Vol. 65
 —maxilla 1;
 — uropod and
 —urosome. Material examined is presented inthe format: location (GPS), depth, habitat, date of collection,collector(s) (expedition station number). Terminology of structures include:
, articulating extrusions of thecuticle, and
, non-articulating extrusions of the cuticle. In particular reference to head, pereonite and
Figure 1.
 Laetmatophilus dabberi
Barnard & Drummond, 1981, male, 4.0 mm, AM P.79826, and female, 2.0 mm, AM P.87608, KingGeorge Sound, Western Australia (scale 0.1 mm).
Systematic section
Corophiidea Leach, 1814
Caprelloidea Leach, 1814Podoceridae Leach, 1814Podocerinae Leach, 1814
Bruzelius, 1859
Bruzelius, 1859:10.—Stebbing, 1906:695.—J. L. Barnard, 1969: 430.—Laubitz, 1984:79.— Ledoyer, 1986: 920.—Barnard & Karaman, 1991:660–661.
. Pereon depressed, segments 5–7 fused; urosomeof 2 segments. Accessory flagellum absent; epistome produced; maxilla 1 inner plate greatly reduced, non-setose,outer plate with 9 spines; maxilla 2 without facial setae;maxilliped palp 4 blunt; gnathopod 2 of female nearly aslarge as that of male; brood plates on pereopods 2–4; uropod
2 without rami, uropod 3 absent.
. Fusion of the cuticle segments of posterior  pereonites 5 to 7 is inconsistent within the genus (Laubitz,1984).
 Laetmatophilus triceratops
sp. nov. has clearly fused pereonites 5 to7 which can be readily observed from theSEM images (Fig. 2A,B).
 Laetmatophilus dabberi 
 Barnard & Drummond, 1981
Fig. 1
 Laetmatophilus dabberi
Barnard & Drummond, 1981: 31– 
41, gs 4, 5.—Lowry & Stoddart, 2003: 245 (catalogue).
Type locality
Western Port, Victoria, Australia.
Material examined
Male, 4.0 mm, dissected, 1 slide,AM P.79826, off south-east corner of Michaelmas Island,King George Sound (35°03'S 118°00'E), 18 m, orange/redgorgonacean, 17 December 1983, coll. R. Springthorpe
(WA 198); female, 2.0 mm, dissected, 1 slide, AM P.87608,
off south-east corner of Michaelmas Island, King GeorgeSound (35°03'S 118°00'E), 18 m, orange/red gorgonacean,17 December 1983, coll. R. Springthorpe (WA 198).
. This is the first record of 
 L. dabberi
sinceits original description from Western Port, Victoria insoutheastern Australia. Material cited here extends thedistribution of 
 L. dabberi
to southwestern Australia.
. Australia. Victoria. Western Port (Barnard &
Drummond, 1981); Western Australia: King George Sound
(current study). pleonite non-articulating extrusions of the cuticle:
extrusions along the dorsal margin;
lateral projections
extrusions between the dorsal and ventral margins; and
ventral projections
, extrusions near the ventral margin.Descriptions were generated from a DELTA databaseof the Podoceridae containing all species in the genus
and Indo-Pacic species of 

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