Listing Statement for
(New Holland Mouse)
Threatened Species Section - Department of Primary Industries & Water
meets the criteria forlisting as Endangered on the Tasmanian
Threatened Species Protection Act 1995
as the specieshas an extent of less than 5000 km
, occupiesless than 50 000 hectares, has a severely fragmented distribution, with evidence of extreme fluctuations in populations and acontinuing decline.
THREATS, LIMITING FACTORS ANDMANAGEMENT ISSUES
Currently recognised threats to the species arelisted below in no order of priority. Threats arelikely to be interrelated.
Habitat loss and modification. The singlelargest contributing factor to habitat lossand modification is likely to be lack of appropriate fire regimes. Most currently known populations of
arefound within reserves, however the specieshas been very poorly surveyed, and habitatmodelling indicates the presence of
habitat outside of reserves.Causes of habitat loss additional toinappropriate fire regimes include coastaldevelopment and conversion to forestplantation, and conversion to pasture. Animportant cause of habitat modification isinfection of
habitat withroot rot fungus
Predation from generalist introducedpredators such as the cat and fox. Thismight be one explanation for the apparentreduction in habitat range of
since European settlement.
Fragmented populations are more vulnerable to local extinction throughstochastic risk.
Rainfall has been shown to affect the lengthof the breeding season for
therefore reduced rainfall as a result of climate change may be a significant threatto the species.
Factors that limit the effective management of the conservation status of
aregenerally associated with a lack of knowledge of the species’ ecology, distribution andabundance. Limiting factors include:
current distribution of
within Tasmania is unknown;
lack of appropriate fire managementplanning;
lack of understanding of the magnitude of threats to the species including the impactof the cat and fox;
lack of understanding of the causal factorsunderlying the species apparently specifichabitat requirements including the effect of potential competition with the introducedhouse mouse,
the need for an assessment of theeffectiveness of different monitoring methods in order to understand theprobability of detecting the species andtherefore interpret apparent ‘negative’detection results;
lack of understanding of the short and long term impacts of variations in rainfall on thepopulation viability of
It is important that potential and known
habitat is managed as theuncertainty in detecting
may result in false negative records. Moreover
distribution is patchy in time andspace, given the species’ reliance on early tomid-stage successional vegetation. Therefore
habitat should be managed toinclude the entire range of vegetationsuccession stages in order for effective long term conservation of habitat.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE?
A draft multi-species recovery plan has beenprepared for the Freycinet region, whichincludes actions for
.Studies have been undertaken to qualitatively and quantitatively describe