Rice production in the Philippines has been growing faster than in previous decades. Riceimports, on the other hand, have been growing at an average of 14% annually from its level in2000 and are seen to increase continuously. Due to the perceived importance of rice for politicaland economic stability, the rice sector has been receiving a substantial and increasing share of
the government’s agriculture budget.
However, despite years of preoccupation with rice self-sufficiency, the Philippines continues to grapple with significant food insecurity. Hunger incidence persists for a sizable part of the population. Programs for rice supply and pricestabilization have proved costly, bloating the losses and borrowings of the state-run NationalFood Authority. The Aquino administration has moved to reform rice policy but its mix of strategies is limited. This paper is written to support the analytical requirements for developingan integrated food security framework in the region.
This draft report was prepared for the Asian Development Bank by Beulah de la Peña, National Rice Economist for the Philippines, under TA 7495-REG: Support for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Plus Three IntegratedFood Security Framework. The draft report is
part of the TA’s diagnostic study on the food security of five ASEAN
Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam
with a special focus on rice. Thedraft report is an abridged version of a full country research paper on the Philippines, which is available upon request.The draft report is being published to disseminate the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas. The emphasis is on getting findings out quickly even if the presentation of the work is less than fully polished.