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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Major spice crops in world trade
3 Economic Impact and Trade
4 Products
4.1 Primary products
4.2 Secondary and Derived Products
4.3 Requirements for Export and Quality Assurance
4.4 Consumer Preferences
5 Post-Production Operations
5.2 Harvesting
5.2.2 Harvesting Leaves and Stems
5.2.3 Harvesting Flowers and Buds
5.2.4 Harvesting Roots and Rhizomes
5.2.5 Harvesting Bark, Wood and Resins
5.3 Transport
5.4 Threshing
5.5 Drying
5.5.2 Drying Leaves and Stems
5.6 Cleaning
5.7 Packaging
5.7.2 Packaging for Leaves and stems
5.8 Storage
5.9 Processing
5.9.1 Grinding and separating
5.9.2 Extraction of essential oils
6 Overall Losses
7.1 Pest species
7.2 Relative status of major pest species
7.3 Pest control methods
8.1 Overview of costs and losses
8.2 Major problems: Maintenance of Quality Standards
8.3 Proposed improvements
8.4 Gender aspects
Appendix II: Trade in Spices and Essential Oils
Appendix III: Quality Assurance and Standards
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Herbs Spices and Essential Oils

Herbs Spices and Essential Oils

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Published by Putri Andini
minyak atsiri
minyak atsiri

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Published by: Putri Andini on Sep 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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