c. Significance of Architecture
Architecture should be easy to place and build withless running and maintenance cost. Also, it should haveless impact on environment.
B.Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA)
Output of LCI is fed to LCIA. LCIA is defined as the
and evaluating the importance of the potential
14044:2006). Now, by implementing various techniques mentionedin previous section, LCI can be effective in reducing power consumption as elimination of long feeder cablesand active cooling. Another important aspect is to reduceCO
emission which can be easily achieved by abovementioned practices.Apart from these approaches, following practices can be useful in achieving energy optimization in mobilecommunication:
Network should consist of only few sites whilemaintaining desired coverage, capacity and quality.
Energy efficiency should be optimized whether wetalk about whole site or particular product
Use of renewable energy sources should be promotedwhich includes solar, wind, fuel cell, etc.Transition is required toward renewable energy toachieve the energy efficiency and environmentalsustainability . To safeguard the interests of futuregenerations, Sustainable Development is must . Inshort, fig. 5 truly explain the factors contributingsustainable energy.
Fig. 5. Factors contributing Sustainable Energy.
LCA can be used as a tool to analyze the variouseffects of any product or service on environment. As it isa standardized method, it provides the decision making process by helping government to define a policy for public. LCA is not without any cons. LCA isgeographically dependent, results changes with change inarea and analysis of whole parameters is needed to prepare a data. Moreover, an interest of stakeholders also plays an important role as they have different views longthe supply chain at a horizontal and vertical level.C
Carbon credit is still a mystery for a layman. In order to achieve environmental sustainability and energyoptimization, mass awareness is needed. Network operators are facing energy challenges and are startingscrutinizing their responsibilities towards environmental problems by conducting life cycle assessment techniques.LCA represents a promising alternative to analyze, tointerpret and essentially to adjust the environmental performance of telecommunication BTS.R
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