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Schneider Electric - Overload Relay Trip Curves

Schneider Electric - Overload Relay Trip Curves

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OCR Trip Curves
OCR Trip Curves

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Published by: Michael Parohinog Gregas on Sep 29, 2013
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12/06/2013

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Overload Relay Trip Curves
Selection IndexClass 2510, 8536, 9065
Using Thermal Overload Relay Trip Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2Class 2510 AC and DC Manual Starters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Class 8536 AC Magnetic Starters
with Melting Alloy Overload Relay
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
with Bimetallic Overload Relay
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Class 9065 Separately Mounted Overload Relays
Melting Alloy
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Bimetallic
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12Class 9065 Solid-State Overload Relays
Motor Logic
 ® 
SSOLR, Type SF, SR, SS, ST
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Motor Logic
 ® 
Plus Programmable SSOLR, Type SP
. . . . . . . . . .14
 
Overload Relay Trip Curves 5/2005
 © 2005 SchneiderElectric All Rights Reserved
2
USING THERMAL OVERLOAD RELAY TRIP CURVES
Overview
Overload relay trip curves present trip time as a function of overload current. To use them properly, youmust understand their application, construction, and limitations.Trip curves for Square D
 ® 
products assume a cold start with the coil energized at the rated voltage inan ambient temperature of 40 °C (104°F). Different trip times would result under different conditions—if the starter coil were not energized, for example, or if the controller door were open.Ambient temperature affects the performance of the thermal overload relay (OLR). Trip times increasein temperatures below 40 °C and decrease above 40 °C. But since motor capacity also varies withtemperature in about the same proportion, this variation is not normally a factor in OLR selection. Mostmotors are also rated on the basis of a 40 °C ambient temperature, so the 40 °C OLR trip curves allowdirect comparison with motor characteristics.
Application
Trip curves are most commonly used to determine whether protection against locked rotor current(LRC) is adequate should the motor stall or fail to start. Consult the manufacturer to determine thevalue of the locked rotor current and the length of time that the motor can withstand this condition.Then, compare this data to the OLR trip curve to ensure that the device will trip before the motor isdamaged.Trip curves can also indicate whether the OLR allows normal starting of a motor without tripping,especially in applications with a long acceleration period. For this type of analysis, calculate the rms(heating) value of the load current on the trip curve at cumulative intervals during and following thestarting period. Plotting the actual motor current on the trip curve is not sufficient, because the OLRmay trip even if the motor current curve does not intersect the OLR trip curve. Although the startingcurrent falls off as the motor reaches full speed, the heat produced in the OLR (and in the motor) doesnot immediately dissipate.The effect of this
thermal inertia 
can be approximated by calculating the rms current over severalcumulative time periods. For an accelerating time of 15 s, for instance, rms current values might becalculated for the following time periods: 0–5 s, 0–10 s, 0–15 s, and so forth. These rms current valuescan then be plotted; and if the resulting curve does not intersect the OLR trip curve, then no trip shouldoccur during startup.
NOTE:If the curves do intersect at some point beyond the motor accelerating period, the OLRs may or may not trip during startup. The above calculation ignores heat losses, and therefore may give a false indication that the OLRs will trip. In such cases, we recommend conducting a trial.
Curve Construction
Square D trip curves come in two basic versions:
Curves with one solid line (maximum) and one dashed line (average) 
apply to present-productionmelting-alloy thermal units (plain brass nameplate only) and present-production bimetallic thermalunits.
Curves with two solid lines 
(with or without shaded area) apply to older-design melting-alloythermal units (red enamel nameplate) and older-design bimetallic thermal units.The width of the band curve does not represent repeat accuracy of a particular thermal unit, nor does itimply a variation between thermal units of the same size. However, the thermal units of different sizesdo have slightly different characteristics. These differences result in a band of values (or maximum andaverage values, depending on the type of curve) when data for several sizes of thermal units areincluded in one curve.The load scale is expressed in three ways:
Multiples of trip current rating 
is obtained by dividing the overload current by the trip current rating.
Percent of trip current rating 
is obtained by dividing the overload current by the trip current rating
1
 and multiplying by 100.
Percent of thermal unit number, element number, or relay rating 
is obtained by dividing theoverload current by the number stamped on the thermal unit nameplate and multiplying by 100.(For a B19.5 thermal unit, 100% corresponds to 19.5.)
1
Also called the rated trip current or the ultimate trip current.
 
5/2005 Overload Relay Trip Curves
 © 2005 SchneiderElectric All Rights Reserved
3
Calculating the TripCurrent Rating
The trip current rating is a nominal value approximating the minimum current that will trip an OLR in anambient temperature of 40 °C. To calculate the trip current rating:1.Refer to the thermal unit selection table specified for the controller.2.Locate the minimum full-load current (FLC) for the applicable thermal unit.3.Multiply the minimum FLC by 1.25 (1.15 for Class 8198). The result is the trip current rating.This procedure applies to controllers with bimetallic OLRs if the trip adjustment is set to 100%.
Calculating the TripCurrent for AmbientTemperatures OtherThan 40 °C
When the controller is in an ambient temperature other than 40 °C, calculate the trip current using thecorrection factor shown inFigure2. where M is the multiplier corresponding to the temperature.
NOTE:Ambient temperature is the temperature surrounding the starter enclosure. Normal temperature rise inside the enclosure is accounted for in the thermal unit selection tables.
Limitations
For most magnetic starters, the trip curves are different for OLRs mounted in small enclosures than forthose mounted in large enclosures. While curves for open-type starters are theoretically correct onlyfor devices mounted without an enclosure, these curves provide a reasonable approximation ofperformance using a large enclosure.
Small enclosure
trip curves are for use with devices of the following Classes:8536 (starter in its own enclosure)8904 (non-combination or non-reversing)8998, 8999, I-Line, and QMB (motor control centers)
Large enclosure
trip curves are for use with devices of the following Classes:8536 (starter in its own enclosure)8539 (combination starter, non-reversing)8606, 8630, 8640 (reduced voltage starter)8736, 8739 (reversing starter)8810, 8811, 8812 (multi-speed starter)8940, 8941 (pump controller)any other starter in a large enclosureCurve accuracy should be sufficient for most applications. The curves are more accurate for highcurrents than for low currents. In particular, overload currents below 300% may yield different triptimes. Conditions in the field may differ from those in a laboratory; the longer the trip time period, themore pronounced the differences.
Continued on next page 
Trip CurrentMtrip current rating at 40 °C 
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