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New Europe Print Edition Issue 1051

New Europe Print Edition Issue 1051

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New Europe Print Edition Issue 1051
New Europe Print Edition Issue 1051

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Published by: New Europe Newspaper on Sep 29, 2013
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Year of Publicationnumber 105129 sePtember - 5 october, 20133.50
he European Union hassaid it is prepared to sus-pend an agreement withthe United States on data exchangeamid concerns over US surveil-lance techniques.Speaking in the European Par-liament on 24 September, CeciliaMalmström, the EU's home affairscommissioner, told members of thecivil liberties committee that she was prepared to scrap the deal if those concerns were not addressed.The agreement concerns ex-change of banking data to be used incombating terrorism.Several MEPs are seeking toend the agreement that grants USauthorities access to bank data forterrorism-related investigations be-cause of Washington's increasingly-invasive surveillance programs.Malmström said she has formally requested details on US surveillance,adding that work on a review on anintelligence deal struck between theEU and the US has been halted.“I will be seeking exhaustiveexplanations and comprehensiveinformation in order to measure to which extent the implementation of the agreement might have been im-pacted,” she told MEPs.Malmström made the commentsfollowing revelations in Germany'sSpiegel magazine, which claimedthe Terrorist Finance Tracking Pro-gramme (TFTP) agreement was be-ing abused by the US.She told MEPs that the US au-thorities have provided some writ-ten explanations of their activities.However, the commissioner toldcommittee members “I am not satis-fied with what we have received sofar. Whilst from the US reactionslast week we now have some under-standing of the situation, we needmore detailed information in orderto credibly assess reality and to be ina position to judge whether the ob-ligations of US side under the TFTP Agreement have been breached.”“We need more information andclarity,” she said.The TFTP was set up by the USTreasury Department shortly afterthe terrorist attacks of 11 September2001. An EU-US agreement on theexchange of financial information was signed to ensure protection of EU citizens' privacy whilst this data was being collected.
 Azerbaijan with TAP, TANAP brings Turkey, Greece closer
An activist demonstrates with a mask of German chancellor Angela Merkeland an oversized camera to campaign for civil rights and data protection,Alexanderplatz, Berlin on 7 September.
The implementation of the Trans-Ana-tolian gas pipeline project (TANAP) andthe Trans-Adriatic-Pipeline (TAP) willtransport natural gas from the giant ShahDeniz II field in Azerbaijan to Europe,promoting closer ties between Azerbai- jan, Turkey and Greece. The project isset to bring gas directly from Azerbaijanto Europe for the first time, opening upthe Southern Gas Corridor. In total 16 billion cubic metres of Shah Deniz StageII gas will be delivered through more than3500 kilometres of pipelines through Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece,Bulgaria, Albania and under the AdriaticSea to Italy.
EU Page 07USSIA Page 31
Page 12
Te ar-right,a nightmare or Europe
It is easy to say that Greece’s far-right party Golden Dawn is Greece’s problem. While thismight be true, it is also true that the far-right isrelatively a minor Greek problem compared tothe rest of Europe. In absolute terms, the ab-normal growth of the far-right party in Greeceis a serious European problem.
 Joschka Fischer:Merkel in theland of smiles
Te never-endingmisery o humantrafcking
Cyrilliclphbt wrrsIndi hits bck in Vodfon tx scndl
Eyes wide shut 
(Page 6)
Malmström may axe data agreement over US snooping
29 September- 5 October, 2013
Another Dutchman,with a dicult-to-pronouncename,has been picked as newthesecretary general ofNATO.Not toforget therst one,theunforgettableJoseph Luns who directed theUS pene-tration ofReagan's "Star era"to Europe.
Editorial p. 2
Toyota: Leadingthe pack 
Toyota Motor Corpis theworld's thirdlargest automobilemanufacturer,sellingsix million vehicles each year in over 160countries and generating110billion Euroin annual sales.
p. 12
Swiss joinsOneworld
Swiss,Switzerland’s agshipcarrier,hasdisclosed it will join theOneworld globalaviation alliance.Thegroup’s member-shipin this clubshould generate100mil-lion Swiss francs for its coers.
p. 24
Poland eagerto adopt Euro
Adoption oftheEuro will aid economicdevelopment in Poland, AmbassadorMarek Grela,head ofthemission of Poland to theEuropean Union,told NewEurope.
p. 25
Russia talksties with Canada
Russian President Vladimir Putin hasexpressed satisfaction with CanadianGovernor General AdrienneClarkson'srst visit to Russia.Thetwo countrieshavea large“and so far unused potentialofpartnership.”
p. 35
Commission clears 1st round, vows institutional reform
More openness in EU Council
TheEuropeanUnionisbecomingeverydaymoreopentocitizens’demands.ThistimeitwastheabilityofparticipantsinEUpersonnelexaminationswhofailedtoseetheirownpapers.TheEUregularlyconductssuchexaminationsfornewper-sonnelbutuntilnownoone,failuresorsuccessessawtheirmarkedpapers,eventomakesurethatmarkingwasjusttothem.Thiswasacontinuingdemandandmany,mainlyfailures,hadaskedinvaintoseetheirmarkedpapers.NowforthersttimethisispossibleduetotheeortsoftheEUOmbudsmanNikiforosDiamandouros.More precisely, this followed theOmbudsman's draft recommendationmadeinAprilthisyear.ThecitizeninquestionhadfailedtoobtainthepassmarkinawrittentestinacompetitionforEUclericalassistantsandaskedtoseehermarkedscript.WhentheCouncilrefused,sheturnedtotheOmbudsman.At rst, the Council maintained itsrefusal,arguingthattheStaRegulationssaytheproceedingsofSelectionBoardsshouldbesecretinordertoguaranteetheirindependenceandtheobjectivityof theproceedings.TheOmbudsmaninsist-edthatthisdidnotmeanthatacandi-datecouldnotseeherownmarkedscript.HeaskedtheCounciltoreviewitsposi-tion outlining the benets of givingaccess.AfterthistheCouncilgaveitsauthorisationforthepapertobepresent-edtothecandidate,atthesametimebreakinganoldrowwiththeCommis-sionandParliamenttogiveaccesstomarkedexaminationscripts.There is no question this will nowbecomearegularthingfortheCounciltooandcandidatesthathaveanyreservesoverthepromptnessofthemarkingof theirpaperswillbeabletoverifyitbythemselves.
he veiled European Parlia-mentary questioning of European CommissionPresident Romano Prodizzled out as he refused to sack thebloc's top monetary aairs ocialover alleged fraud and corruption atEurostat, the European Union's dataand statistical agency. But ghtingcharges that he turned a blind eye tothe festering Eurostat nancial scan-dal, Prodi vowed to clean up theagency and step up the ght againstgraft in EU institutions. Summonedby the Parliament to explain the Euro-stat aair, Prodi insisted, "After care-ful thought and in full awareness of the issues, I consider there is no rea-son to ask any commissioner toassume the political responsibility andresign."But in a sign of potential troubleahead, Parliament President Pat Coxtold reporters that despite havinggrilled Prodi for a two-and-a-half hourclosed-door session, leaders of theassembly's political groups had notmade up their minds about the aair."It is premature to arrive at any con-clusive judgment ... further work needs to be done in depth," Coxunderlined. Cox accused the Commis-sion of "passivity" in responding to ini-tial reports of Eurostat fraud, sayingthe aair revealed serious "gaps ingovernance" at the EU executive.Moreover, the Budget ControlCommittee (Cocobu) of the EuropeanParliament in its latest meeting askedfor an investigative report into allegednancial discrepancies in the AthensInternational Airport (AIA)Project,which were highlighted by
New Europe
over the past months.
New Europe
Latviansvotedinfavourof  joiningtheEuropeanUnion,giving the green light forocialenlargement,whichisscheduledtotakeplaceonMay1,2004.Inareferen-dum heldonSeptember20,66.9percentofLatvianvot-ersapprovedtheircountry'smembershipintheEU.EntryintotheEU,however,didnotfairwellfortheLat-vian government. It col-lapsedonSeptember21asthreeofthefourcoalitionpartieswithdrewtheirsup-port for Prime MinisterEinarRepse.Repse welcomed the out-comeofthereferendumasaresponsibledecisionbythecitizens."LatviahasjoinedthefamilyofdemocraticanddevelopedEuropeancoun-tries," he said. PresidentVaira Vike-Freiberga alsohailedtheresults."Iam surewewon'tregretthemoveto jointheEU."GovernmentsacrosstheEUwelcomedtheresults,withFrench Europe MinisterNoelleLenoirsayingtheref-erendum concludeda"greatseries of victories" forEurope.
(From Lto R) European Parliament President Pat Cox,European Council Sec-retary General David O’Sullivan and European Commission President RomanoProdi
Cocobu launches investigation into AIA finances
EU counts on Russia toratify Kyoto protocol
s more than 50 countries prepare for the start of thethird conference on climate change in Moscow onMonday (September 29), one key issue overshadows allothers: Will President Vladimir Putin nally throw Rus-sia's weight behind the Kyoto protocol and sign the treatyto cut global emissions of climate-changing gases intoreality?After the rejection of the protocol in 2001 for econom-ic reasons by the United States, the world's worst pol-luter, Russian ratication is now essential if it is to comeinto force. But evidently vexed at the lack of tangible ben-ets, the Kremlin and the Russian government did nothurry as initially hoped to climb on board in time for theconference, which Putin initiated.Putin himself seems torn between shouldering weightyecological commitments and striving to be seen as a "goodEuropean" as Russia seeks deeper integration with theEuropean Union.The European Parliament hopes the Kremlin leaderwill sign the protocol and send it to the State Duma(Russian parliament) for ratication before the housegets bogged down in preparations for elections in Decem-ber.
p. 2
“The devil is compromise.” Henrik Ibsen.
 A decade ago, then Commission chief, Romano Pro-di emerged from a closed session in the parliamentover alleged corruption unscathed, but promisinginstitutional reform to tackle corruption.No commissioner had to resign over the matter, andin those golden days, it was possible to tell if a com-missioner had resigned or not.Poland’s Ambassador told us of the economic ben-efits adopting the Euro would bring the nation.Two thirds of Latvians voted to join the union, tothe delight of France, whose Europe minister, NoelleLenoir said the referendum result was part of a “greatseries of victories” for Europe.Perhaps a European victory was more obvious then.
 n e  1 0  Y e A  R  S  A GO
 Angela Merkel is back. Not that she has been away; but onceagain she has been returned as German Chancellor. As all theserious journals tell us; she is now on the brink of being thelongest-serving female leader in European history, condemningthe sainted Margaret Thatcher into second place.It is true that Merkel is a popular figure in German politics,although the popularity of her CDU/CSU party overall hasdropped. That’s OK, though, so did the popularity of the mainopposition party, the SDP. Also, the Greens. The left increased,and from a standing start, the anti-EU, anti-euro party, Alterna-tives Für Deütschland (AfD) managed a vaguely credible 4.7%,not enough for them under the threshold system to get a seatin parliament, but enough to gie them confidence to perhapsget an MEP in the European Parliament elections in May, andmaybe after that some local seats.Of course, the big losers, headline-worthy at least, were theFDP, the pro-business liberal party who formed the junior coa-lition partner with Merkel’s party. They didn’t even qualify fora single seat in parliament. And with that, Merkel is looking fornew friends. It may take some time.The political betting is on a return to a grand coalition – a col-laboration between the DCU and the SDP. It has happened before in Germany – in Merkel’s first term, for example – andelsewhere in Europe; the convergence of ideological oppositesseems now a matter of course than the shocking exception to theaccepted way of things. As right and left (albeit centre-right andcentre-left) converge, is oppositional politics in Europe dead?The answer, even from a superficial analysis would appear not; but power – that driver of consensus – would suggest the oppo-site. The politics of contentment, to ever-so-slightly misquote JK Galbraith, is upon us. When the main (ie, powerful) politi-cal parties stop being ideological, and fear the electoral impactfrom their own flank, rather than progress their ideas throughconfronting and challenging their rivals, then politics is truly doomed in Europe.Ideology should not be confused with dogmatism, of course, but the easy acceptance by certain political parties that opposi-tion automatically equates to unreasonable political posturingis wrong; honest debate and well-thought through argumentsshould never be embarrassingly downplayed by politicians. Itseems as if power is everything, justifying that power is shame-ful. Better to keep your head down, admit or stand for nothing,and hope that your core supporters will get out there and votefor you; you certainly don’t want to attempt to increase support;that might mean genuine engagement, which in turn could gen-uine debate. And then you have to go off-message, a disaster forany media-trained, professional politician these days.So anyway, Merkel will probably go with her nominal rivals (al-though, I would rule out the Greens) to make up that parlia-mentary majority. In doing so, the country has voted conserva-tive, but will have to concede to the left – no right-minded SDPcoalition would allow a CDU member as finance minister. So, you vote right, you get a melange; meanwhile Europe stagnates.Role on 2014.
 The soupy middle
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© 2013 New Europe all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored ina retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or otherwise, without ex- press permission. The Publishers accept no liability for third party views published, nor damagecaused by reading, viewing or using our content. All information is correct at the time of goingto print, we accept no liabilities for consequent changes.
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seNior editorial teaM
 ostis Geropoulos(Energy & Russian Affairs)kgeropoulos@neurope.euCillian Donnelly (EU Affairs)cdonnelly@neurope.euAndy Carling (EU Affairs)acarling@neurope.euAriti Alamanou (Legal Affairs)aalamanou@neurope.euLouise Kissa (Fashion)lkissa@neurope.euAlexandra Coronakis (Columnist)acoronaki@neurope.eu
29 September- 5 October, 2013
– Germany’s elections are over. The winners and losers are clear, and the politicallandscape has changed profoundly. The real dra-ma, however, occurred not among the country’smain parties but on the boundaries of the politi-cal spectrum.Chancellor Angela Merkel is celebrating alandslide victory, with her Christian DemocraticUnion (CDU) having fallen just short of an out-right parliamentary majority. But the scale of hertriumph is mainly due to the collapse of her lib-eral coalition partner, the Free Democratic Party (FDP), which for the first time in the GermanFederal Republic’s history will not be represent-ed in the Bundestag.The liberals have always formed a key part of German postwar democracy; now they are gone.Responsibility for that lies, first and foremost, with the FDP. No governing party can affordsuch woefully incompetent ministers and leader-ship; Merkel had merely to stand back and watchthe liberals’ public suicide over the last four years.The opposition parties, too, paid the pricefor their failure to come to grips with reality.The economy is humming, unemployment islow, and most Germans are better off than ever before. But, rather than focusing on the govern-ment’s weaknesses – energy, Europe, education,and family policy – they bet their political for-tunes on social justice. Merkel’s Panglossian cam-paign was much more in tune with the sentimentof the German electorate than the opposing par-ties’ tristesse about working-class distress, which was rightly seen as a ploy for raising taxes.Governing majorities (and therefore elec-tions) in Germany are always won in the cent-er. Merkel’s predecessor, the Social Democrat-ic Party (SPD) leader Gerhard Schröder, knew this well. But this time her opponents – theSPD, Die Linke (The Left), and the Greens –cleared the center and cannibalized each otheron the left. The leadership issue made matters worse the SPD’s Peer Steinbrück and theGreens’ Jürgen Trittin never had the slightestchance against Merkel and Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble.The only new factor that could bring abouta structural change in German politics is therise of the new Alternative for Germany (AfD).Though its share of the popular vote fell just be-low the 5% threshold required to enter the Bun-destag, the party performed surprisingly well. If its leadership can build on this success, the AfD will make news in next spring’s European Parlia-ment elections.Indeed, the AfD scored well in eastern Ger-many – where three state elections will be heldin 2014 – by gaining many votes from The Left.This implies that the AfD could establish itself on the German political landscape permanently, which would make a comeback for the FDP allthe more difficult.Still, despite the FDP’s implosion and theopposition parties’ disastrous electoral strategy,Merkel needs a coalition partner. The Left is notan option, and any attempt at building a coalition with the Greens – a party that will be reeling fromthe shock of its poor performance for quite sometime – would court instability.So Germany will be left with a grand coali-tion – just as the German electorate wanted. TheSPD will recoil at the prospect, sit on the fence,and finally give in, because Merkel has a power-ful disciplinary instrument: she could call a new election, in which the CDU would probably winan outright majority. A grand coalition is not the worst option.Nothing fades as quickly as the glow of an elec-tion victory, and the German idyll will soon bedisturbed by harsh reality – the European Union’ssimmering crisis, Syria, Iran, and energy policy.The need for consensus is especially acute with respect to the difficult decisions concern-ing Europe that the German government now faces. Greece needs more debt relief. A European banking union with joint liability cannot be putoff much longer. The same is true of many otherissues. A winter of discontent awaits Merkel, fol-lowed by a European election campaign that islikely to bring the CDU back down to earth.But no one should expect a significantchange in Merkel’s EU policy or her approach toforeign affairs and security questions. Her posi-tions on these issues have now been endorsed by a huge portion of the German electorate; and,from a certain age, most people – including thosein high office – do not change easily. Besides, inthese matters, there is no longer much difference between the center-right CDU and the center-left SPD. A grand coalition could show greater flexibil-ity in addressing the euro crisis, but less on ques-tions of foreign and security policy. In this re-spect, however, Germany would gain much fromthe opportunity to craft a proper foreign policy inthe framework of a Western alliance that in recent years has had a dangerous void where Germanused to be – though this is more a vague hopethan a concrete expectation.It will also be interesting to see if and how Merkel tackles Germany’s muddled Ener-giewende (energy turnaround) – the move to alow-carbon economy that is the most importantdomestic project of her tenure. Either she willsucceed with it, or it will become a monumentaldisgrace for Germany and a disaster for the Ger-man economy. The decisive questions now are whether she musters the courage to concentrateall the necessary responsibilities for this mega-project in the energy ministry, and whom sheentrusts with overseeing this Herculean task.The late editor of the weekly magazine DerSpiegel, Rudolf Augstein, who never liked formerChancellor Helmut Kohl, titled his commentary about German reunification “Congratulations,Chancellor!” For Merkel, Sunday’s election hasopened a door, especially with respect to over-coming the euro crisis and to deepening Euro-pean integration. But, until she walks through it, I will refrain from congratulating her.Copyright: Project Syndicate/Institute forHuman Sciences, 2013. www.project-syndicate.org
By Federico Grandesso
German Chancellor Angela Merkel won theelection and a third term in office, but shedidn’t win an absolute majority for a singleparty. She was five seats short. This much weknow. What we don’t know is which party - the So-cial Democrats or the Greens - will becomeher junior coalition partner since the LiberalFDP did not secure any seats in the Bunde-stag.One thing’s for sure, the election result is a les-son in compromise for the chancellor and herChristian Democrats Party.Offering a German press perspective on theelection, Michael Stabenow, the EuropeanUnion affairs correspondent for the Frank-furter Allgemeine Zeitung, says Merkel is un-der a lot of pressure.“I think that the Social Democratic Party isone of the pillars of post-war and democraticGermany and they will take the responsibil-ity because we need a majority, but rememberthat whoever enters this coalition with Mer-kel will ask for sure for a high price,” Stabenow tells New Europe. Asked about the challenges Merkel is facing,Stabenow said: ‘’Because Merkel has madethe survival of the Euro one of her main chal-lenges, she will have to try to make sure thatthis will work out but this is very difficultto put into practice because you will alwayscome in contradiction with some Germanabout national sovereignty or even EU rules.Then she also knows that if she fails then thedoors are going to be wide open for the Eu-roskeptics.” A different view comes from France. PhilippeRicard, who is Le Monde’s correspondentcovering European affairs in Brussels, tellsNew Europe that Merkel will be stronger onEU issues because she is not going to have apartner that is hesitating and tough especially on the Euro crisis.“The liberals at the beginning created bigproblems for Merkel when she wanted tosave Greece and put in place all the measuresto stabilise the Eurozone,” says Ricard. “If Merkel is to form a coalition, she will have astronger majority than before to impose herEU agenda then the Social Democratic Party could ask for some conditions but they alsoknow that if it would be too much Merkelcould also turn to the Greens.” What’s certain, according to Ricard, is thatMerkel will have to be more flexible with hernew partners.Corinna Horst, Deputy Director of GermanMarshall Fund’s office in Brussels, is con- vinced that growth and competitiveness willtop the agenda in Germany no matter whatthe coalition government looks like. “She[Merkel] is pragmatic and she wants to seeresults,” Horst tells New Europe. “I do see cer-tain flexibility in Merkel but she will have tomake some compromises because she needs acoalition partner. The Social Democratic Par-ty is for sure scared about the last bad experi-ence but it was up to them to better communi-cate in the party or in the their constituencies.In any case this is what the voters want.’’The three biggest challenges facing Merkelnow are economic integration and how to liftthe country out of the economic crisis, as wellas the future of Europe.‘’I very much hope that there will be an in-creasing debate in the European countries on what Europe means and represents for ourcitizens.,” Horst adds.
 Joschka Fischer 
 Joschka Fischer, Germany’s foreignminister and vicechancellor from 1998to 2005, was a leaderof the GermanGreen Party foralmost 20 years.
Merkel in the land of smiles
German Chancellor Angela Merkel celebrates at the Christian Democratic Union party head-quarters in Berlin on 22 September, after the general election. Merkel clinched a third term aschancellor, but will be forced to form an awkward coalition with her chief rivals.
Exclusive: three experts talk to New Europe about the German election

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