Information SystemTutorial 1
What is the difference between data andinformation? Give examples.
Raw data refers to a collection of numbers, characters, images or otheroutputs from devices to convert physical quantities into symbols that areunprocessed. Such data is typically further processed by a human or inputinto a computer, stored and processed there, or transmitted (output) toanother human or computer (possibly through a data cable). Raw data is arelative term; data processing commonly occurs by stages, and the"processed data" from one stage may be considered the "raw data" of thenext. The processed data from the first stage may bedefined as information at this stage.
A census. (The information gathered at theinitial survey is called raw data) The facts collected from the census will then be processed into ameaningful context to gather information about theunemployment rate in a country, or the rate of births in a country.At the very first stage it’s all about numbers, figures, andcollective information about a certain family or a person. This isprocessed through any medium to get the information about thesefacts in a country.2.
What do you mean by data processing? And why isit important to process data?
Data processing is the process of manipulation or processing of raw data(figures, numbers, graphs etc…) to gather useful information about acertain fact. The importance of data processing can be explained asgathering information from a bunch of numbers, facts and figures which just don’t give any meaning. We can see a whole lot of numbers and factsfrom a survey which doesn’t have any meaning when they are collected. These data need to be processed through some form of input/outputmethod. When we feed raw data or a set of instructions into a computer,these data needs to be processed using a program so that the output fromL.Cpl. Mohamed Hussain (3625)Page: 2