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Mm Interview Questions-Ans

Mm Interview Questions-Ans

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MM INTERVIEW QUESTIONS: 31/3/2006
1. TELL ME ABOUT YOURSELF
ASAP:
2.EXPLAIN ASAP ROADMAP?3. WHAT IS BUSINESS BLUE PRINT?
ASAP is a clearly defied implementation strategy that ensures customers a quick & predictable implementation, regardless of size or complexity of environment.The components that make up ASAP are1. Methodology: The ASAP roadmap defined the phases of implementation process & supports these with a comprehensive project plan.2. Tools: Supported by a comprehensive set of both PC-based & R/3-resident tools.3. Service: Hotline, Consulting, Training, Project reviews, SAPNet.4. Project related knowledge like – Project Management, Change Management, Risk Analysis & Review programs.The methodology consists of 5 phases1. Project Preparation: Provides initial planning & preparation for R/3 project2. Business Blueprint: Detailed documentation of the results gathered during requirements workshops. On this basis, you achieve acommon understanding of how the company intends to run their business within the R/3 system.3.Realization: Implement all the business & process requirements based on business blueprint. You configure system in 2 work  packages, Baseline, & Final configuration.4. Final preparation: Complete Testing, End user training, system Management, & cutover activities to finalize your readiness to golive. After completion of this phase, you will be ready to run your business in your R/3 system.5. Go live & Support: Transition from a project-oriented, pre-production environment to successful & live production operation.6. Continuous Improvement: Provide on-going support & assistance for post go-live. It covers solutions for those activities which arestandard in a productive environment: Business changes, technology changes, or change in the user community.
ENTERPRISES STRUCTURE:
3.5. EXPLAIN OVERALL SAP ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE?
CLIENT
COMPANY CODE
PLANT
SALES ORG
DIVISION
STORAGE LOC
4. EXPLAIN MM ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE ELEMENTS?
CLIENT
COMPANY CODE
PLANT
SLOC
P. ORG.
P GROUP
5. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPE OF PURCHASE ORGANIZATION?
Plant specific Purchase organizationCross Plant Purchase organizationCross Company Code Purchase organizationStandard Purchase OrganizationReference Purchase Organization
6. WHY WE MUST ASSIGN PLANT WITH COMPNAY CODE?
To maintain the valuation process and a plant is a site operating as a production facility or an individual/group of storage areas closetogether for a company. A plant can only belong to only one company code.
7.WHAT IS REFERENCE PURCHASE ORGANIZATION?
A central PORG can exist side by side with local purchase organization, the local purchase department can use contracts or conditionscreated by central purchase organization.You can assign several purchasing organizations to one reference purchasing organization, but each individual purchasing organizationshould be assigned to just one reference purchasing organization.
8. WHERE WE ASSIGN PURCHASING GROUP?
 Nowhere – it is not an unit in the Organizational structure
9. WHAT LEVEL THE STORAGE LOCATION MAINTAINED?
Storage Location is maintained at Plant level.
 
MATERIAL MASTER:
10.HOW TO CHANGE MATERIAL TYPE?
Using Tcode
MMAM
we can change material typeCannot be changed if stock exists or PO, Reservation, PR, Contracts & If the accounting type differs.Initially stock has to be cleared , by moving all the material to a special stock.
11.IS IT POSSIBLE TO CHANGE VALUATION CLASS? WHAT IS THE IMPACT?
Yes,
If valuated stocks already exist, you can change the valuation class only as follows:a) Post the stocks of the material to an interim account.b) Change the valuation class in the material master record.c) Post the stocks of the material back to their original account.If open purchase orders already exist, you can only change the valuation class if you first flag the corresponding purchase order items for deletion.If production orders exist for which a goods movement has already taken place, you can only change the valuation class if you first setthe status of the production orders to
Deleted 
.
12.IS IT POSSIBLE TO CHANGE PRICE CONTROL? WHAT IS THE IMPACT?
Changing the material valuation price does not involve material master, it is an accounting transaction in which
 
the total stock of the plant is revaluated.In price control S, if the MAP which reflect the development of the delivered price, differs too greatly from the standard price.In price control V, the system modifies the current valuation price to suit the delivered price, you only need to change the pricemanually, if there is no movement of goods for a longer period of time.
MR21- CHANGE MATERIAL PRICE
 13.TELL ABOUT PURCHASING VALUE KEYS?
Key that determines reminder intervals and tolerances. The reminder intervals are specified in days, the system automatically createsthe remainder or urging letters.
14. EXPLAIN CROSS PLANT SPECIFIC MATERIAL STATUS & PLANT SPECIFICMATERIAL STATUS?
The cross-plant material status restricts the usability of the material for all plants, that is, it defines whether a warning or error message is displayed if you include the material in a particular function.The material status is defined in the material master record and depends on the material concerned. The material status can beassigned at client level at the individual plant level.Plant Specific material status can be set at in Purchasing view & source list, if blocking indicator set, the material cannot be procured externally.
 14.WHAT ARE THE MATERIAL TYPES YOU WORKED?
DIEN – services, FERT – finished product, HALB – semi finished, HAWA – Trading goods, ROH – raw material,UNBW – non valuated material, VERP – packaging, NLAG – non stock material, HIBE – Consumables \ Lab chemicals
16. WHAT ABOUT CONFIGURATION OF MATERIAL TYPES?
A material type is specified for each material. The material type is part of general data.Material type determines the views, type of Inventory management (qty/value based) on a valuation area basic, specifies that can beincluded in BOM or not, can configure price control as an optional value,The system assigns the stock a/c and consumption a/c bases on the valuation class. Account Category Reference assigns the permittedvaluation classes to the material type.
17.WHAT ARE THE VIEWS YOU WORKED IN MATERIAL MASTER?
Basic Data, Classification, Purchasing, MRP, General Plant/Storage, Accounting
18. IS THERE ANY SALES VIEW FOR ROH? IS THERE ANY PURCHASE VIEWFOR FERT? ITS NEEDED? WHAT IS ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION?
 No, sales view for ROH, Yes, there is purchasing view or FERT, yes it is needful, sometimes we need to buy finished products, or theend product of our company is a finished product.
19.WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BY-PRODUCT & CO-PRODUCT?WHERE WE MENTIONED THESE PRODUCTS?
BY-PRODUCT is like scrap which is a by product of a raw material when used for producing components,CO-PRODUCT is two products as the same operation.
20.WHAT IS THE DIFF. BETWEEN VALUATED STOCK & NON VALUATEDSTOCK?21. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VALUATED STOCK AND NONVALUATED STOCK?
 
You manage low-value advertising or office materials in a warehouse, and can get an up-to-date report on stock levels at any time.Stock records are kept on a quantity basis, but the value is posted to a consumption a/c at the time of GR. UNBWYou cannot post a GR of non-valuated material direct into consumption. You have to post the goods into the warehouse first and thenenter the goods issue. Also include Returnable transport packaging, which is maintained as a special stock.Generally all the material are valuated with qty/value update. Except NLAG– non value/stock material, direct post to consumption a/c.
22. HOW TO CHANGE STOCK TO NON STOCK ITEM?
Based upon the material type
23.WHAT ARE THE ALTERNATIVE UOM IN MM?
The BUM may be each, but the purchase dept. procure material in pairs, then we have to have to maintain AUOM that is1 PAIR = 2 Eachentered in Basic data view1, additional data.
24.WHAT LEVEL THE MATERIALS ARE MAINTAINED?
The material is maintained at client level.
25.WHAT ARE THE VIEWS & FIELDS AVAILABLE IN MATERIAL MASTER?
Basic Data 1: Text, Basic UOM, Material Group, Old Material No., X Plant Material status, Dimensions (weight, volume, size),Packaging material data, Configuration Management.Basic Data 2: Basic Material, Design Drawing ( No link indi, Doc, Doc type, page), CAD indicator Classification: Class, std. Class indicator, status of class, characteristics & valuePurchasing : Basic UOM, Order Unit, P Group, M Group, Plant specific Material status, Purchase Value Key, Auto PO indi.,Batch Management indi, GR processing time, Quota arrangement usage, JIT schedule indicator Purchase Order text: TextMRP1 : MRP group, MRP type, ABC indicator, Reorder point, MRP controller, Lot size, Min/Max lot size,MRP2 : Procurement Type, Quota arrangement usage, JIT del. Schedule, GR processing time, Plnd delivery time, ScheduleMargin key, Safety stock, Min safety stock MRP3 : Forecasting ( Period indi., Fiscal year variant), Planning data (strategy group, planning material, planning plant)Availability check,MRP4 : storage location MRP, BOM explosion, Repetitive manufacturingPlant/sloc1 : Unit of issue, storage bin, batch management indi., shelf life data.Plant/sloc2 : weight\volumeAccounting1: Valuation Category, Valuation class, Price control, Price unit, Previous period/year button, std cost esti buttonAccounting2: Tax data, LIFO indicatio
26.CAN WE CHANGE THE INDUSTRY SECTOR?
 NO
27.HAVE YOU CREATED MATERIAL TYPES?
 NO.
28.HOW TO EXTEND MATERIAL MASTER TO ANOTHER PLANT?
MM01
Using this we can extend material master by typing the another plant and system will display the message that “material alreadyexist will be extended and MRP type & Valuation Class, price control, price
29. WHAT IS THE USAGE OF KMAT & VARIANT CONFIGURATION?
KMAT is a configurable material .First create class & characteristics (eg. Window / windowless envelope with various sizes) and them create material in material master  basic data 2 view, material is configurable is selected, in purchase batch indicator is selected, and then create configuration profile.Class type 300.
LESS-IMPORTANT IN MATERIAL MASTER:30. CHANGING BASE UOM POSSIBLE?
YES, But if no stock and no PR or PO exists, no stock in current or previous periods, clear stock using 561 movement type.
31.WHAT ABOUT NUMBER RANGE FOR MATERIAL MASTER?
 Number Range is based on Material Type, Material No. can be 18 characters
32.WHAT IS THE USAGE OF HERS?
HERS – Manufacturer Parts
33.WHY MATERIAL GROUPS NEEDED?
Group together of material with same characteristics
34.HOW TO CREATE STORAGE LOCATION AUTO?
Default data can be set for the organization level like plant, sloc

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