Definition of statistics
It is the science that is concerned with collection, organization,summarization, and analysis of data; then drawing of inferences about a body of data when only a part of data is observed.
Are the raw material of statistics.
Simply defined as numbers.
Two main kinds of data:
Result from measurement (such as body weight.(
Result from counting (such as No. of patients discharged.(
Each No. is called datum.
Sources of data
Routinely kept records. E.g.: hospital medical records.
External sources. E.g.: published reports, data banks, research literatures.
A term used when the data analyzed are derived from biological sciencesand medicine.
The characteristic takes different values in different persons, places or things, so we label a characteristic as variable. E.g. : blood pressure, weight,height, hemoglobin.……
A variable that can be measured in the usual sense. E.g.: Weight of pre-school children, age of patients……
Can not be measured as the quantitative variable, e.g. ethnic group, possessing a characteristic or not such as smokers and non-smokers. Herewe use frequencies falling in each category of the variable.