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lm35

lm35

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LM35
+V
S
R1V
OUT
 
 t
V
S
LM35
+V
S
(4 V to 20 V)OUTPUT0 mV + 10.0 mV/°C
ProductFolder 
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SNIS159C –AUGUST 1999–REVISED JULY 2013
LM 35 Precision C entigrade Tem perature Sensors
1
FEATURES DESCRIPTION
The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit
2
Calibrated Directly in °Celsius (Centigrade)
temperature sensors, with an output voltage linearly
Linear + 10 mV/°C Scale Factor
proportional to the Centigrade temperature. Thus the
0.5°C Ensured Accuracy (at +25°C)
LM35 has an advantage over linear temperaturesensors calibrated in ° Kelvin, as the user is not
Rated for Full
55°C to +150°C Range
required to subtract a large constant voltage from the
Suitable for Remote Applications
output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling. The
Low Cost Due to Wafer-Level Trimming
LM35 does not require any external calibration ortrimming to provide typical accuracies of ±¼°C at
Operates from 4 to 30 V
room temperature and ±¾°C over a full
55°C to
Less than 60-
μ
A Current Drain
+150°C temperature range. Low cost is assured by
Low Self-Heating, 0.0C in Still Air
trimming and calibration at the wafer level. The lowoutput impedance, linear output, and precise inherent
Nonlinearity Only ±¼°C Typical
calibration of the LM35 make interfacing to readout or
Low Impedance Output, 0.1 W for 1 mA Load
control circuitry especially easy. The device is usedwith single power supplies, or with plus and minussupplies. As the LM35 draws only 60
μ
A from thesupply, it has very low self-heating of less than 0.1°Cin still air. The LM35 is rated to operate over a
55°Cto +15C temperature range, while the LM35C israted for a
40°C to +110°C range (
10° withimproved accuracy). The LM35 series is availablepackaged in hermetic TO transistor packages, whilethe LM35C, LM35CA, and LM35D are also availablein the plastic TO-92 transistor package. The LM35Dis also available in an 8-lead surface-mount small-outline package and a plastic TO-220 package.
Figure 1. Basic Centigrade Temperature Sensor(+2°C to +150°C)
Choose R
1
= –V
S
/ 50 µAV
OUT
= 1500 mV at 150°CV
OUT
= 250 mV at 25°CV
OUT
= –550 mV at –55°C
Figure 2. Full-Range Centigrade TemperatureSensor
1
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications ofTexas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
2
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.
Copyright © 1999–2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the TexasInstruments standard warranty. Production processing does notnecessarily include testing of all parameters.
 
+V
S
V
OUT
GND
LM35DT
+V
S
V
OUT
GND
S
V
OUT
GNDN.C.N.C.N.C.N.C.N.C.
12348765
+V
S
V
OUT
GND
 t
 
SNIS159C–AUGUST 1999–REVISED JULY 2013
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foamduring storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
METAL CAN PACKAGE SMALL-OUTLINE MOLDED PACKAGETO (NDV) SOIC-8 (D)TOP VIEW
Case is connected to negative pin (GND)N.C. = No connection
PLASTIC PACKAGE PLASTIC PACKAGETO-92 (LP) TO-220 (NEB)BOTTOM VIEW
Tab is connected to the negative pin(GND).
NOTE:
The LM35DT pinout is different thanthe discontinued LM35DP2
Copyright © 1999–2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links:
 
SNIS159C –AUGUST 1999–REVISED JULY 2013
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
(1)(2)
MIN MAX UNIT
Supply voltage 0.2 35 VOutput voltage 1 6 VOutput current 10 mAElectrostatic discharge (ESD) susceptibility
(3)
2500 VStorage temperature TO Package 60 180TO-92 Package 60 150°CTO-220 Package 65 150SOIC-8 Package 65 150Lead temperature TO Package (soldering, 10 seconds) 300TO-92 and TO-220 Package (soldering, 10 seconds) 260°CSOIC Package Infrared (15 seconds) 220Vapor phase (60 seconds) 215Specified operating temperature LM35, LM35A 55 150range: T
MIN
to T
MAX(4)
LM35C, LM35CA 40 110 °CLM35D 0 100(1) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the Texas Instruments Sales Office/ Distributors for availability andspecifications.(2) Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC electrical specifications do notapply when operating the device beyond its rated operating conditions. SeeNote 1.(3) Human body model, 100 pF discharged through a 1.5-kW resistor.(4) Thermal resistance of the TO-46 package is 400°C/W, junction to ambient, and 24°C/W junction to case. Thermal resistance of the TO-92 package is 180°C/W junction to ambient. Thermal resistance of the small outline molded package is 220°C/W junction to ambient.Thermal resistance of the TO-220 package is 90°C/W junction to ambient. For additional thermal resistance information see table in theAPPLICATIONSsection.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(1)(2)
LM35A LM35CAUNITSPARAMETER TEST CONDITIONSTYP TESTED DESIGN TYP TESTED DESIGN(MAX.)LIMIT
(3)
LIMIT
(4)
LIMIT
(3)
LIMIT
(4)
T
A
= 25°C ±0.2 ±0.5 ±0.2 ±0.5T
A
= 10°C ±0.3 ±0.3 ±1Accuracy
(5)
°CT
A
= T
MAX
±0.4 ±1 ±0.4 ±1T
A
= T
MIN
±0.4 ±1 ±0.4 ±1.5Nonlinearity
(6)
T
MIN
T
A
T
MAX
±0.18 ±0.35 ±0.15 ±0.3
°CSensor gain T
MIN
T
A
T
MAX
+10 +9.9, +10 +9.9,
mV/°C(average slope)
+10.1 +10.1
T
A
= 25°C ±0.4 ±1 ±0.4 ±1Load regulation
(7)
mV/mA0
I
L
1 mAT
MIN
T
A
T
MAX
±0.5 ±3 ±0.5 ±3
T
A
= 25°C ±0.01 ±0.05 ±0.01 ±0.05Line regulation
(7)
mV/V4 V
V
S
30 V
±0.02 ±0.1 ±0.02 ±0.1
(1) Unless otherwise noted, these specifications apply:
55°C
T
J
150°C for the LM35 and LM35A;
40°C
T
J
110°C for the LM35Cand LM35CA; and 0°C
T
J
100°C for the LM35D. V
S
= 5 Vdc and I
LOAD
= 50
μ
A, in the circuit ofFigure 2. These specifications alsoapply from +2°C to T
MAX
in the circuit ofFigure 1. Specifications in boldface apply over the full rated temperature range.(2) Specifications in boldface apply over the full rated temperature range.(3) Tested Limits are ensured and 100% tested in production.(4) Design Limits are ensured (but not 100% production tested) over the indicated temperature and supply voltage ranges. These limits arenot used to calculate outgoing quality levels.(5) Accuracy is defined as the error between the output voltage and 10 mv/°C times the case temperature of the device, at specifiedconditions of voltage, current, and temperature (expressed in °C).(6) Nonlinearity is defined as the deviation of the output-voltage-versus-temperature curve from the best-fit straight line, over the ratedtemperature range of the device.(7) Regulation is measured at constant junction temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle. Changes in output due to heatingeffects can be computed by multiplying the internal dissipation by the thermal resistance.
Copyright © 1999–2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
3Product Folder Links:

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