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Permissibility of loud dhikr- Imam Suyuti

Permissibility of loud dhikr- Imam Suyuti

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Permissibility of loud dhikr according to Hafiz of Hadith Imam Suyuti.
Permissibility of loud dhikr according to Hafiz of Hadith Imam Suyuti.

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Published by: Mujahid Asaadullah Abdullah on Jul 09, 2009
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12/12/2012

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   
TheTheTheTheResultResultResultResultofContemplationofContemplationofContemplationofContemplationoooontheIssueofntheIssueofntheIssueofntheIssueofVoicedVoicedVoicedVoicedRemembranceandInvocationRemembranceandInvocationRemembranceandInvocationRemembranceandInvocation
1111
ByByByByImām Imām Imām ImāmJalālal Jalālal Jalālal Jalālal- --D DDī  īī  īn nna aal ll- --Suy Suy Suy Suyū ūū ū  ī  īī  ī
   
TranslatedbyYaserRad
2
Releasedby www.marifah.net1429H
 
Issue:Issue:Issue:Issue: AllpraisesandthanksareduetoAllah&Hesuffices;peacebeuponHischosenservants.Youasked,mayAllahhonoryou,concerningthe
sūfī
practiceofsettingupcirclesinthe
masājid 
forthepurposeof
dhikr 
,inparticulartheraisingoftheirvoices whenreciting
ilāhailAlla
.Isthis(practice)hatedordisliked
(makrūh) 
orotherwise? Answer: Answer: Answer: Answer:Infact,thereisnothingdislikedinitatall.ManystatementsoftheProphet
haveactuallysuggestedthatopenandloud
dhikr 
(aljahrbial-dhikr)
ispreferred.Therearealsothose
aadīth
thatjustifysilent
dhikr 
.Boththeseviewsarecorrectinrelationtothe varyingnatureofindividuals.Alongthesamelines,ImāmAl-Nawawīhasputforwardbothkindsof
aadīth
inwhichsupporttheopenrecitationoftheHolyQur’ānandthosethatsupportquietrecitation.Iwillexpounduponthisissuepiecebypiece. A  A Aadīthadīthadīthadīthwhic whic whic whichauhauhauhauthoritativelyandclearlypointthoritativelyandclearlypointthoritativelyandclearlypointthoritativelyandclearlypointtothepreferenceofloudtothepreferenceofloudtothepreferenceofloudtothepreferenceofloud
dhikr dhikr dhikr dhikr 
1.
 
Itisrelatedinthe
aī 
ofImāmBukhārī
3
thatAbūHurayrah
narratesthattheProphet
said:“Allahsays,‘IamtowardsMyservantasheistowardsMe.I
 
1
Al-Suyūī,JalālAl-Dīn.“
Natījatual-FikriFial-JahrFial-Dhikr 
.”Al-awīAl-Fatāwā.Ed.KhālidTurtūsī.Beirut:DārAl-KutubAl-‘Arabī,2005.399-405.
2
Pleaseforgiveanyerrorsandkeepthelowlyservantinyourdu’ās.IamalsoindebtedandgratefultoanearliertranslationbySajedaMaryamPoswalofacommentarydonebyShaykhAbūAnīsMuammadBarkat‘AlīLudhianwī.
3
Alsocanbefoundinthe
aī 
ofImāmMuslim(2675)ontheauthorityofAbūHurayrah
 
amwithhimwhenheremembersMe.IfheremembersMewithinhimself,IrememberhimwithinMyself.IfheremembersMeinagathering,Irememberhiminagatheringbetterthanit.’”
Dhikr 
madeinagatheringcanonlybealoud.
4
2.
 
ItisreportedbyBazzārandImāmākim
5
inhis
Mustadrak 
6
thatitisnarratedontheauthorityofJābir
whosaid:“TheMessengerofAllah
cametousandsaid,‘Opeople!AllahhasagroupofangelsinHisservicewhodescendandjoingatheringsof
dhikr 
upontheEarth.SograzewellfromthegardensofParadise.Weasked,‘AndwherearethegardensofParadise?’He
replied,‘Gatheringsof
dhikr 
.SooccupyyourselvesintheremembranceofAllahinthemorningandintheevening.’”3.
 
Itisnarratedinthe
aī 
ofImāmMuslim
7
andbyākimthatitisnarratedontheauthorityofAbūHurayrah
thattheMessengerofAllah
said:“Allahhasappointedangelswhosesolepurposeistowanderaroundinsearchofthegatheringsof
dhikr 
upontheearth.Whentheyarriveatagatheringof
dhikr 
,they joinin.Theygather(insuchnumbers)thattheirwingscovereachotheruntiltheyreachtheHeavens.
8
Thenafterwards,Allahasksofthem,
9
‘Wherehaveyoucomefrom?’Theyreply,‘WehavecomefromyourservantswhoaredeclaringYoufreeofallimperfections,magnifyingYou,praisingYouandexaltingYourname.TheypraytoYouandseekYourprotection.’‘Andwhatdotheyprayfor?’Theyanswer,‘TheyprayforParadise.’Hesays,‘Havetheyseenit?’Theyreply,‘OurLord,no.’Allahasks,‘Howwouldtheybehadtheyseenit?’ThenHeasks,‘AndfromwhatdotheyseekMyprotection?’
10
ThoughHeknewbetterthanthem.Theyreply,‘Fromthefire.’Heasks,‘Andhavetheyseenit?’Theysay‘No.’Hecontinues,‘Whatiftheyhadseenit?’Thenhesays,‘BearwitnessthatIhaveforgiventhem,grantedthemtheirrequestandsavedthemfromwhattheyfear.’Theangelsbeseech,‘OurLord.’Thereisamongthemasinfulmanwhoisnotfromthemandhappenedtositwiththem.’TothisAllahreplies,‘Ihavealsoforgivenhimfortheyaresuchpeoplethatintheirpresencenohardshipisinflicted.”4.
 
MuslimandTirmidhīnarratethatitisnarratedontheauthorityofAbūHurayrah
andAbūSa’īd
whoheardtheMessengerofAllah
saying:“NogroupofpeoplewhooccupythemselvesintheremembranceofAllahAlmightyareleft
 
4
ImāmSuyūīisexplainingthatthereisnoreasonforadīthtohavetheextrawording‘inagathering’ifitisdoneinasilentfashion,otherwiseitisequivalenttothewording‘withinhimself.’Thereforethementioncanonlybeoutloudinagathering,thushisadditionof‘itcanonlybealoud’(
lāyakūnaillā‘anjahri)
5
Andheconsidereditschaintoberigorouslyauthenticated.
6
ItisalsonarratedbyAbūYa’lā,Bazzār,abarānīin
 Al-Awsat.
SimilartoitisfoundinMajma’al-Zawā’id.
7
BookofRemembrance,Invocations,Repentance&Forgiveness
8
Samā 
9
ImāmSuyūīadds:Thoughheknowsbetterthanthem.
10
ImāmSuyūīadds:Allahasks,thoughheknowsbetterthanthem.
 
 withoutbeingjoinedbytheangels.TheyareshoweredwithmercyandtranquilitydescendsuponthemandAllahmentionsthemtothosewhoareclosetohim.”5.
 
ImāmMuslimandImāmTirmidhīnarratethatitisnarratedbyMu’āwiya
thattheMessengerofAllah
cameacrossacircleofhiscompanionsandasked:“Whatmadeyousithere?”Theyreplied:“WearesittinghereinordertomakeremembranceofAllahandtopraiseHim.”TheHolyProphet
said:“IndeedJibrīlhascometomeandinformedmethatAllahiswellpleasedwithyouandboasts
11
ofyoutotheangels.”6.
 
ākimnarratesinhis
Mustadrak
12
&Bayhaqīnarratesinhis
Shu’abal-Imān 
thatitisnarratedbyAbūSa’īdAl-Khudrī
thattheMessenger
said:“Increaseinthe
dhikr 
ofAllahuntiltheycallyoumad.”
13
7.
 
Bayhaqīnarratesinhis
Shu’abal-Imān
thatitisnarratedontheauthorityofAbūJowzā
thattheMessenger
said:“Increaseinthe
dhikr
ofAllah(somuch)untilthehypocritessaytoyou,‘Youaredoingthisforshow.’”Thisisa
mursal 
adīth.Itisevidentfromthisathandtheonebeforeitthatotherscanonlysaythesestatementswhentheyhear
dhikr 
doneloudlynotsilently.8.
 
BayhaqīrelatesthatitisnarratedontheauthorityofAnas
thattheMessenger
said:“WhenyoupassthegardensofParadisegrazewellfromthem.”Theyasked:“OMessengerofAllah
!WhatarethegardensofParadise?”Hereplied:“Thegatheringsof
dhikr.
”9.
 
Baqīb.Mukhlad
narratesontheauthorityofAbdullahb.‘Amr
thattheProphet
passedbytwosessions.OneofthemwascallinguponAllahwithsincereachingandwantwhiletheotherwasseekingknowledge.TheHolyProphet
said:“Botharefullofgoodness,yetoneisbetterthantheother.”10.
 
Bayhaqīrelatesthat‘Abdullāhb.Mughfil
saidthattheMessenger
said:“Thereisnogroupofpeoplewhogathertogetheronlyforthepurposeofsincere
dhikr 
ofAllahexceptthatanangelannouncestothemfromtheHeavens,‘Allof youareforgiven.Yourbaddeedshavebeenreplacedbygooddeeds.’”
14

 
11
‘Boasts’inthiscontextisinanon-negativesense;Heisproudofthem.Itisimportanttonotethattheaudienceistheangels–creaturesunabletosinandthoughtofasamongstthebestofcreation.Howevermaking
dhikr 
inthisfashionraisesthemabovetheangelsandthisiswhyAllahboaststotheangels,and Allahknowsbest.
12
Andheconsidersthechainrigorouslyauthenticated
13
ItisalsofoundintheaīofIbnHibbānandintheMusnadofImāmAmad.
14
Sh.Ludhianwī(inhiscommentary)addsthatthisadīthisalsofoundintheMusnadofImāmAmadandabarānīwiththechaingoingthroughSuhailb.Hanalah(al-Targhībwaal-Tarhīb)

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