Talib, the son of 'Abd al-Muttalib, the son of Hashim, the son of 'abd Manaf, the son of Qusayy, the son of Kilab, the son of Murra, the son of Ka'b, the son of Lu'ayy, the son of Ghalib, the son of Qahr, the son of Malik, the son of an-Nadr. the son of Kinana, the sonof Khuzaima, the son of Mudrika, the son of Ilyas, the son of Mudar, the son of Nadhdhar, the son of Ma'd, the son of 'Adnan. [His surnames are] al-Qurashi al-Hashimial-'Alawi al-Hasani al-Jili al-Hanbali.He is the grandson [on his mother's side] of our master, the famous 'Abdu'llah as-Sawma'iaz-Zahid [the Ascetic Hermit], who was one of the Shaikhs of Jilan and one of their leading ascetics. Shaikh 'Abdu'llah was endowed with lofty spiritual states [ahwal] andconspicuous charismatic talents [karamat]. He met with a group of the the outstandingShaikhs of the Persians [al-'Ajam] (may Allah be well pleased with them). It was ShaikhAbu 'Abdi'llah Muhammad al-Qazwini who said: "Shaikh 'Abdu'llah as-Sawma'i was onewhose supplication was always answered. When he was angry [with someone], Allah(Almighty and Glorious is He) was Swift in exacting retaliation, and when some businesswas to his liking, Allah (Exalted is He) would carry it out as he preferred. In spite of his physical weakness and his advanced age, he performed many acts of supererogatorydevotion [nawafil], and constantly practiced remembrance [dhikr]. He was noticeablyhumble, and patient in preserving his spiritual state, while paying careful attention to hismoments of opportunity. He used to give notice of something before it occurred, and itwould happen just as he had said it would."Shaikh Abu 'Abdi'llah Muhammad al-Qazwini went on to say: "One of our companionstold us how they once set out as traders in a caravan, and were attacked by horsemen inthe desert of Samarqand. He said: 'So we cried out to Shaikh 'Abdu'llah as-Sawma'i, andthere he was, standing in our midst. He uttered the call: "All-Glorious, All-Holy [SubbuhQuddus] is our Lord, Allah! Be gone from us, O you horsemen!" He thereby scatteredthem up onto the mountains peaks and down into the valleys, making us safe from their assault. But when we looked for the Shaikh amongst us, we could not find him, and wedid not see where he had gone. Then, when we returned to Jilan and told the people thereabout it, they said: "By Allah, the Shaikh (may Allah be well pleased with him) has never been away from here!"'"
The Birth of Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir
According to the two Qur'an-memorizers [hafizan], adh-Dhahabi and Ibn Rajab, Shaikh'Abd al-Qadir's father was Abu Salih 'Abdu'llah, the son of Jangi Dost. Allah knows best!The name Jangi Dost is a Persian expression, meaning "he who loves fighting." Anyway,Allah (Glory be to Him and Exalted is He) is indeed the One who knows best!His mother was Umm al-Khair [Mother of Goodness] Amat al-Jabbar [Maidservant of theAll-Compelling One] Fatima, the daughter of Shaikh 'Abdu'llah as-Sawma'i al-Husainiaz-Zahid. She had an abundant share of goodness and righteousness. It is related of her that she used to say: "When I gave birth to my son, 'Abd al-Qadir, he would not suck my breast during the daytime of Ramadan. The new moon of Ramadan was hidden by3