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Hazardous Area Classification

Hazardous Area Classification



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Published by Dattatray Nikam
Dear All,
The purpose of this document to provide guidelines to understand area classification.No intention to published this to supersed rhe existing codes and standards. This is only for external used only.


Dattatray Nikam
Sr. E & I Engineer
Dear All,
The purpose of this document to provide guidelines to understand area classification.No intention to published this to supersed rhe existing codes and standards. This is only for external used only.


Dattatray Nikam
Sr. E & I Engineer

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Dattatray Nikam on Jul 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Dattatray K. Nikam
Instrument Engineer 
Hazardous Area Classification
This guide is not intended to replace published standards, codes of practice orother relevant publications. This is for External used only.
Dattatray K. Nikam
Instrument Engineer 
Hazardous Area Classification
Definitions of hazardous Area
Definition 1: Petroleum Rule, 1976 An area shall be deemed to be hazardous area where petroleum having flash point below 65°C or any flammable gas or vapour in concentration capable of ignition is likely to be present.Definition 2: IS 5572Hazardous area is an area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is present or likely to be present, in quantities such as torequire special precautions for the construction, installation and use of electrical apparatus.Q. Why Zoning is required? Ans: To provide or decide the protection and selection.i.
Leak Potential & Presence of Ignition Sources.ii.
Hazardous properties of hydrocarbons.iii.
Safe selection (& optimisation) of Electrical Equipment.
Hazardous areas
are defined by three main criteria:
The type of hazard
The likelihood of the hazard being present in flammable concentrations
The ( auto) ignition temperature of the hazardous materialThe hazard will be in the form of a gas, vapour, dust or fibre.
Hazardous Area Classification (HAC) is as follows:
Definitions of hazardous area are different as per IEC and NEC.
Highly Flammable for long period
Flammable atmosphere present continuously (Typically 1000 hours / year).
Div 1Zone 1
Flammable during normaloperationFlammable atmosphere present intermittently (Typical 10 & 1000 hours /year).
Div 2Zone 2
Most Safer ZoneFlammable atmosphere present abnormally (typically as a result of aprocess fault condition) (Typically less than 10 hours / year).
Zone 0 – Typical Areas (Continuous grade)
Closed process vessels 
Storage tanks 
Closed containers 
 Areas containing open tanks of volatile, flammable liquid Q. How to identify Zone 1 areas? Ans: 1. Flammable gas or vapour concentration is likely to exist in the air under normal operating conditions.2. Flammable atmospheric concentration is likely to occur frequently because of maintenance, repairs or leakage.3. Flammable liquid or vapour piping system (containing valves, meters, or screwed or flanged fittings) is in aninadequately ventilated area.4. The area below the surrounding elevation or grade is such that flammable liquids or vapors may accumulate.
Dattatray K. Nikam
Instrument Engineer 
Zone 1 – Typical Area
Imperfectly fitting peripheral seals on floating roof tanks.
Inadequately ventilated pump rooms for flammable gas or volatile, flammable liquids.
Oily waste water sewer / basins
Loading / unloading gantries of hazardous products.
Zone 2 – Typical Areas (Secondary grade)
The system handling flammable liquid or vapour is in an adequately ventilated area and is so designed andoperated that the explosive or ignitable liquids, Vapours or gases will normally be confined within closed containersor closed systems from which they can escape only during abnormal conditions such as accidental release of agasket or packing
The flammable vapours can be conducted to the location as through trenches, pipes or ducts
Locations adjacent to Zone 1 areas
Pressurized rooms where flammable gas / vapour can enter in the case of failure of positive mechanical ventilation
Safe Areas – Typical areas
The following locations are considered safe from the point of view of electrical installation
 Area where the piping system is without valves, fittings, flanges or similar appurtenances.
 Areas where flammable liquids or vapors are transported only in suitable containers or vessels.
 Areas where permanent ignition sources area present like area where combustion gases are present, for exampleflare pits,tips,other open flames 7 hot surfaces.
Diesel Generator shed room /shed having adequate ventilation
GT installation meeting the ventilation (12 ACPH), pressurization (0.5 mbar) and flange (not more than one pair of flanges inside the turbine room) requirements.
HAC Comparison
North America
Hazardous Areas:
Division I- Z0 + Z1
Division II- Z2
Hazardous Locations
Class I-Flammable Gases / Vapour 
Class II- Combustible dust
Class III- Combustible fibers or flyings
Gas / vapour grouping
 A, B, C, D, E, F & G
Hazardous Areas
Classes 1, 2 & 3
Gas / vapour groups
G1, G2, G3, G4, G5 & G6
 An experienced process engineer’s judgement in visualizing leak scenarios and classifying hazardousareas is the most CRUCIAL factor in the HAC exercise

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