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Seed Report

Seed Report

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Published by: ashish on Jul 09, 2009
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AReport on
 Seed Industry
Institute of Agri Business ManagementRajasthan Agricultural UniversityBikaner, Rajasthan
 
Submitted to - Submitted By-
Dr.(Mrs.) Madhu Sharma Harshit Chittora
Associate Professor 
 
MBA (AB) 1
st
year 
 
 
Contents – 
1.Introduction2.Historical perspective3.Structure of Seed IndustryI.Major global players (2004-05)II.World's Top 10 Seed Companies – 2006III.Key Indian Seed playersIV.Major Player in Vegetable Seed4.Seed Industry in India: Poised for a leap5.Seed supply chainI.Demand & Supply of Seed in IndiaII.Employment generationIII.Seed Replacement Rate6.Seed Policies and Regulation7.Context for Research8.Seed Pricing
9.Seed Industry and GATT/WTO/TRIPS
10.Market Structure and Regulation11.Relevance and need for biotechnology12.Need for transgenics13.Conclusion2
 
Introduction
SEED is the most important input component for productive agriculture. In thesignificant advances that India made in agriculture in the last four decades, the role of the seed sector has been substantial. The expansion of seed industry has occurred in parallel with growth in agricultural productivity. Given the fact that sustained growthto cope with increasing demand would depend more and more on the pace of development and adoption of innovative technologies, the seed would continue to be avital component for decades to come. The organized seed industry of the country is just forty years old. Yet, its growth has been phenomenal. India is one of the fewcountries where the seed sector is already reasonably advanced. The private seedindustry is no more confined to just production and marketing of seed. It has as wellacquired technological strength to cater to the varietal needs of tomorrow. The Indianseed industry is currently valued around Rs 2500 crores ($ 500 million) and is proposed2 to be around 3750 crores ($ 750 million) by 2002. There are about 150organized seed companies in India today. Several companies have Government of 
=
India (DSIR) recognized research and development departments and have producedand released a large number of varieties and hybrids in several crops. The contributionof private research in terms of value is steadily increasing. The share of researchhybrids in total turnover of crops like pearl millet, sorghum-sudan grass, sunflower,maize, sorghum and cotton was about 70% in 1997–98 compared to 46% in 1990–91.Private R&D’s real investment in research has quadrupled between 1986 and 1998.Subsidiaries and joint ventures with multinational companiesaccount for 30% of all private seed industry research3. A study made over nine privateseed companies indicates that the amount spent on R&D ranged from 0.78% (0.49crores) to 15.08% (22.62 crores) (Companies Annual Reports 1998–99). Some of thecompanies initiated the work on development of transgenic crops. In March 2002 thefirst transgenic hybrid cotton seed was allowed for commercial cultivation in thefarmer’s field. This article provides a historical perspective to the development of seed industry in India, its current statusand future. Besides, some suggestions are also provided for improvement and modification in the regulatory procedures, particularlyin case of transgenic crops.3

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