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Mechanics of Solids Nov2003 RR 211402 & NR 210302

# Mechanics of Solids Nov2003 RR 211402 & NR 210302

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Code No: RR-211402/ NR-210302II B.Tech. I-Semester RegularExaminations, November-2003MECHANICS OF SOLIDS [RR](Common to Mechatronics, Metallurgical and Material Technology andAeronautical Engineering)MECHANICS OF SOLIDS [NR](Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics,Metallurgical and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80Answer any FIVE questionsAll questions carry equal marks- - -
1.a)Distinguish between : stress and strain, normal stress and shear stress, workingstress and yield stress. b)An aluminium bar 60 mm diameter when subjected to an axial tensile load100 kN elongates 0.20 mm in a gage length 300 mm and the diameter is decreased by 0.012 mm. Calculate the modulus of elasticity and the Poisson's ratio of thematerial.2.Prove that Poisson’s ratio for the material of a body is 0.5, if its volume does notchange when stressed. Prove also that Poisson’s ratio is zero when there is nolateral deformation when a member is axially stressed.3.A ladder 4m long and weighing 150 N/m is resting against a smooth vertical walland the bottom end is resting on rough ground. If a man weighing 800N standsmidway on the ladder, draw the SF and BM diagrams and determine themaximum BM in the ladder. The ladder is inclined at 45 to the horizontal.4.a)Discuss the assumptions in the theory of simple bending.b)Compare the weight of two beams of the same material and equal strength. One beam is of solid circular cross section while other beam is of hollow circular section, the internal diameter being 0.78 times the external diameter.5.a) A beam
AB
of span
carries a distributed load of varying intensity from Zero at
A
to w per unit length at
B.
Measuring x from the end
A,
establish the equation for the deflection curve of the beam.b)A 3.5 meters long cantilever carries a uniformly distributed load over the entirelength. If the slope at the free end is one degree, what is the deflection at the freeend.
Set No.

1

Contd…2Code No. RR-211402/NR-210302-2- Set No.1
6.a)Distinguish between circumferential stress and longitudinal stress in a cylindricalshell, when subjected to an internal pressure.b)The diameter of a cylindrical shell made of steel is 3.5 m. The sheet is subjectedto an internal pressure of 1.5M N/m
2
gauge. Find out the thickness of the sheet plate oif ultimate tensile stress of the mild steel is 480 MN/m
2
. Longitudinal jointefficiency of the shell is 80% and factor of safely is 6.7. a) Define slenderness ratio. State the limitations of Euler’s formula.b) Derive an expression for the Rankine’s crippling load for a columnc) How will you justify the Rankine’s formula is applicable for all lengths of columns, ranging from short to long columns.8.A steel shaft of diameter 200 mm runs at 300 rpm. This steel shaft has a 30 mmthick bronze bushing shrunk over its entire length of 8 meters. If the maximumshearing stress in the steel shaft is not to exceed 12 MPa, finda) power of the engine b) torsional rigidity of the shaft.Take G
steel
= 84000 N/mm²; G
bronze
= 42000 N/mm².
^^^

Code No: RR-211402/ NR-210302II B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003MECHANICS OF SOLIDS [RR](Common to Mechatronics, Metallurgical and Material Technology andAeronautical Engineering)MECHANICS OF SOLIDS [NR](Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics,Metallurgical and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80Answer any FIVE questionsAll questions carry equal marks- - -
1.a)Define the termsi) proportional limitii) Poisson's ratioiii) proof stressiv) strain energy. b)A compound bar 1 metre long is 40 mm diameter for 300 mm length, 30 mmdiameter for the next 350 mm length. Determine the diameter of the remaininglength so that its elongation under an axial load of 100 KN does not exceed 1mm.Take E = 2X10
5
N/mm
2
.2.a)State Hooke’s law. Draw stress-strain diagram for mild steel specimen testedunder uni-axial tension till fracture and mark all the salient points. b)A metallic rod of 1 cm diameter, when tested under an axial pull of 10 KN wasfound to reduce its diameter by 0.0003 cm. The modulus of rigidity for the rod is51 KN/mm
2
. Find the Poisson’s ratio, modulus of elasticity and Bulk Modulus.3.A beam of length 6m is simply supported at its ends. It is loaded with a graduallyvarying load of 750 N/m from left end to 1500 N/m to the right end. Construct theSF and BM diagrams and find the magnitude and position of the maximum BM.4.a)What is elastic section modulus?b)A beam resting freely on supports 5.8m apart carries a u.d.l of 12 kN/m and also a point load of 15 kN at 2m from the left support. If the permissible stress in timber is 5 MPa, design a suitable section by making the depth equal to 1.8 times thewidth.5.a)What is Macaulays method for finding out the slope and deflection? of a beam?Discuss the cases, where it is of a particular use. b)A 3 meters long cantilever is loaded with a point load of 450 N at the free end. Ithe section is rectangular 80 mm ( wide) x 160 mm (deep), and E = 10 GN/m
2
,calculate slope and deflection. (i) at the free end of the cantilever, (ii) at a distanceof 0.55 m from the free end.
Set No.

2

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