Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
Beams

# Beams

Ratings: (0)|Views: 921|Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

01/26/2012

pdf

text

original

TTT
IIIMMMEEESSSAAAVVVIIINNNGGG
DDD
EEESSSIIIGGGNNN
AAA
IIIDDDSSS

Beams and One-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 1 of 6
The following example illustrates thedesign methods presented in the article“Timesaving Design Aids for ReinforcedConcrete, Part 1: Beams and One-waySlabs,” by David A. Fanella, whichappeared in the August 2001 edition of
Structural Engineer
magazine. Unlessotherwise noted, all referenced table,figure, and equation numbers are fromthat article.
Example Building
Below is a partial plan of a typical floor in acast-in-place reinforced concrete building.The floor framing consists of wide-modulejoists and beams. In this example, thebeams are designed and detailed for thecombined effects of gravity and lateral(wind) loads according to ACI 318-99.
30
-0
30
-0
30
-0

3   2
′
-   6
″
3   2
′
-   6
″

18
x18
(typ.)24
x 24
(typ.)

TTT
IIIMMMEEESSSAAAVVVIIINNNGGG
DDD
EEESSSIIIGGGNNN
AAA
IIIDDDSSS

Beams and One-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 2 of 6
Design Data
Materials

Concrete: normal weight (150 pcf), ¾-in. maximum aggregate, f
c
= 4,000 psi

Mild reinforcing steel: Grade 60 (f
y

Joists (16 + 4½ x 6 + 66) = 76.6 psf

The coefficients of ACI Sect. 8.3 areutilized to compute the bending momentsand shear forces along the length of thebeam. From preliminary calculations, thebeams are assumed to be 36 x 20.5 in.Live load reduction is taken per ASCE 7-98.psf3.7eighteam
32.515014420.56
==
××
Live load reduction per ASCE 7-98 Sect.4.8.1:
  
+=
TL150.25
o
From Table 4.2 of ASCE 7-98, K
LL
= liveload element factor = 2 for interior beamsA
T
= tributary area = 32.5 x 30 = 975 ft
2
K
LL
A
T
= 2 x 975 = 1,950 ft
2
> 400 ft
2
o.59L1,950150.25o
=   
+=
Since the beams support only one floor, Lshall not be less than 0.50L
o
.Therefore, L = 0.59 x 100 = 59 psf.Total factored load w
u
:w
u
= 1.4(76.6 + 23.7 + 30) + 1.7(59)= 282.7 psf= 282.7 x 32.5/1,000 = 9.19 klfFactored reactions per ACI Sect. 8.3:Neg. M
u
at ext. support = w
u
l
n2
/16= 9.19 x 28.25
2
/16= 458.4 ft-kips

TTT
IIIMMMEEESSSAAAVVVIIINNNGGG
DDD
EEESSSIIIGGGNNN
AAA
IIIDDDSSS

Beams and One-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 3 of 6
Pos. M
u
at end span = w
u
l
n2
/14= 9.19 x 28.25
2
/14= 523.9 ft-kipsNeg. M
u
at int. col. = w
u
l
n2
/10*= 9.19 x 28.125
2
/10= 726.9 ft-kipsPos. M
u
at int. span = w
u
l
n2
/16= 9.19 x 28
2
/16= 450.3 ft-kipsV
u
at exterior col. = w
u
l
n
/2= 9.19 x 28.25/2= 129.8 kipsV
u
at interior col. = 1.15w
u
l
n
/2= 1.15 x 129.8= 149.3 kips
As noted above, wind forces are computedper ASCE 7-98. Calculations yield thefollowing reactions:M
w
= ±90.3 ft-kipsV
w
= 6.0 kips

Design for Flexure
Sizing the cross-sectionPer ACI Table 9.5(a), minimum thickness =
l
/18.5 = (30 x 12)/18.5 = 19.5 in.Since joists are 20.5 in. deep, use 20.5-in.depth for the beams for formwork economy.With d = 20.5 – 2.5 = 18 in., solve Eq. (2)for b using maximum M
u
along span (note:gravity moment combination governs):bd
2
= 20M
u
b = 20 x 726.9/18
2
= 44.9 in. > 36 in.This implies that using a 36-in. wide beam,
ρ
will be greater than 0.5
ρ
max
.Check minimum width based on
ρ
=
ρ
max
(see Chapter 3 of the PCA publication
Simplified Design of Reinforced ConcreteBuildings of Moderate Size and Height
forderivation):bd
2
= 13M
u
b = 13 x 726.9/18
2
= 29.2 in. < 36 in.This implies that
ρ
will be less than
ρ
max
.Use 36 x 20.5 in. beam.