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GI System and its disorders (Nurses perspective)

GI System and its disorders (Nurses perspective)

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Published by aswathykrishnan73
A presentation I made as part of my course work on the nursing aspects of GI system and its diorders.
A presentation I made as part of my course work on the nursing aspects of GI system and its diorders.

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Published by: aswathykrishnan73 on Jul 09, 2009
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02/04/2013

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GI System & itsDisorders
By,Aswathy Krishnan,1
st
Yr M Sc. Nursing(2008-2010)Bombay Hospital College of Nursing
 
 
GI System
Structure & Functions
Propulsion
Peristaltic contractions
Digestion
Mixing
Enzymatic breakdown
Absorption of nutrients
DefecationOral cavity
Pharynx
esophagus
stomach
 small intestine
large intestine
rectum
 
 
GI System
 
- Anatomy
Mouth
Anterioly bounded by lips
Posteriorly bounded by theoropharynx
Mechanical and chemicaldigestion (secretion of saliva bysalivary glands
)
Pharynx & Esophagus
The pharynx is the commonpassageway for both food andair.
Contracts when food enters.
Forces food into the esophagus.
The esophagus is thepassageway that connectsmouth to the stomach.
Cardiac Sphincter muscle.
Stomach
Fundus (top)
body
pylorus
Pyloric sphincter 
Mechanical and chemicaldigestion: Mixing food and acidand enzymes to create chyme.
Goblet Cells
Parietal Cells
Chief Cells
G Cells
Blood supply : Celiac artery
Venous drainage in to portal vein

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