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ClassOf1_stoichiometry_limiting_reactant_7

ClassOf1_stoichiometry_limiting_reactant_7

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Solving this question helps the student to understand how to find the limiting reactant and how much product is produced.
Solving this question helps the student to understand how to find the limiting reactant and how much product is produced.

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Published by: ClassOf1.com on Jul 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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Sub: Chemistry
Topic: GeneralChemistry
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Question:

Phosphorous trichloride can be produced from the reaction of phosphorous, which is an
allotrope of phosphorous with the formula P4, with chlorine. If 1.00g P4 reacts with 1.00 g
chlorine, which reactant is the limiting reactant? What mass of product may be produced?

Solution:
The balanced reaction is:
P4 + 6Cl2 --> 4PCl3
CONVERT GIVEN INFORMATION INTO MOLES

MOLE= MASS/MOLAR MASS
P4=1g/123.88=0.008mol
Cl2=1g/70.9=0.0140mol

Required mole ratio of P4 : Cl2=1:6=1/6=0.17
Actual mole ratio of P4 : Cl2=0.008:0.0140=0.008/0.0140=0.57

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