http://neworacledba.blogspot.comPlenty of useful articles on oracle, oracle dba, oracle RAC (Real Application cluster)DBA, Oracle dataguard, certification exam dumps, shell script,UNIX/LINUX/SOLARIS, PMP (Project Management Professional), ITIL(InfrastructureInformation Library), ISO/IEC 20000 and many more…..What is ASM?ASM is a Volume Manager and a file system for Oracle Database Files that supportssingle instance Oracle Database and Oracle Real Application cluster (RAC)configuration.What is the recommended storage management solution from Oracle?Why?ASM is the recommended storage management solution from oracle as it provides analternative to conventional volume managers,file systems and raw devices.How is datafile stored in ASM?ASM uses disk groups to store data files.What is an ASM disk group?An ASM disk group is a group of disks that ASM manages as an unit.Within thediskgroups an file system interface maintains the Oracle database files. ASM simplifiesdatabase storage by consolidating disks into disk groups.This reduces I/O overhead.How is the performance of disk group comparable to raw disks?/Are disk groups a goodalternative to raw disks?The files distributed across the set of disks in a disk group are striped or distributedacross the disks to eliminate hot spots and improve performance.Thus they performequally well as raw disks.How does ASM eliminate downtime?Disks can be added and removed from the disk groups online,(i.e)during the operation of the database without any downtime. When disks are added or removed ASMautomatically redistributes the contents without any downtime.Thus ASM eliminatesdowntime.Give details on server-based mirroring:-This is a flexible option provided by ASM. The normal and redundant options of ASM provides two and three way mirroring. We can use external option to enableRAID(Redundant Array Of Independent Disks).How does an ASM manage files?/How is the file management simplified using ASM?ASM uses the Oracle Managed Files(OMF) feature which simplifies filemanagement.Files are created at specified location,renames files,deletes files whenoperations at tablespace level happens(say tablespace deletion).Give some interfaces used to manage ASM:-Oracle Enterprise Manager(OEM),SQL*PLUS,ASMCMD command-line interface aresome interfaces that can be used with ASM.Visit :http://neworacledba.blogspot.com
Visit :http://neworacledba.blogspot.comCan ASM co-exist with non-ASM system:-Yes,ASM can co-exist with non-ASM third-party file systems and thus can be integratedinto pre-existing environments.OEM has an interface for migrating non-ASM files toASM.What is an ASM instance?An ASM instance is the instance that manages ASM disk groups. It composes of SystemGlobal Area(SGA) and background processes. ASM instance mounts a disk group that ismade available to the database instance. An ASM instance manages the metadata of adisk group and provides file layout information to the database instances.Will the SGA(System Global Area) of ASM is comparable in size to an Oracle databaseinstance? No.The SGA size of an ASM is smaller than that of an Oracle database instance,as anASM performs fewer tasks than a database.Can ASM instance mount a database? No.An ASM instance can mount a disk group that can be used by a database instance.What is ASM metadata and where is it present?ASM metadata is the information that ASM uses to control the disk group.It is presentwithin a disk group.What is an ASM metadata composed of?An ASM metadata includes the following:1) The disks that belong to a disk group2) Amount of space available within a disk group3) The filenames of the files within a disk group4) The location of disk group datafile data extents5) A redo log that records information about automatically changing data blocksWhat are the possible ASM configurations?ASM and database instances share access to disks in a disk group.1) There can be one ASM instance and one database instance serving single database in anode2) There can be one ASM instance,multiple database instances serving many database ina node. If the ASM instance fails,all the databases fails.The advantage is that this doesn'tdemand a Server reboot(Operating system restart)3) There can be clustered ASM instances that are clustered using OracleClusterware.(i.e)One ASM instance on each node that are integrated using Oracleclusterware.Visit :http://neworacledba.blogspot.com
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