Some places would become too hot to live in.
Many farmers' crops would no longer grow.Some scientists now think that the average temperatures on Earth could rise by between 3 and 10degrees Fahrenheit by the middle of the next century. If that happened, water levels could floodmuch of New York City. In Washington, D.C., water would flood the Lincoln Memorial andnearly reach the Capitol steps!That's just the beginning. As things got even warmer, hundreds of different living creaturescould die and become extinct, while many kinds of pests (such as rats and mosquitoes) couldmultiply in the warmer climate.
The Earth's Natural Remedies
Some gases are soaked up naturally. Sea water soaks up carbon dioxide, and so do the tinyorganisms in the sea called plankton. But because plankton soaks up more CO
in colder water,as the Greenhouse Effect warms up the oceans, the plankton will absorb less carbon dioxide.Plants on land also soak up CO
, especially the trees in the mighty rainforests of the world. But because trees in the rainforests are being cut down and burned, there are fewer trees to soak upthe greenhouse gases. What's worse, the burning of trees actually produces even more CO
,contributing to the greenhouse problem. In fact, rainforest burning is one of the greatestcontributors to the Greenhouse Effect.
What Can You Do?
One big way to help is to cut down on the use of energy. Every time you turn on the lights, openthe refrigerator, turn on the heat, or take a ride in the car, you are using energy--electricity,gasoline, and natural gas, for example. The power plants that generate the electricity and theautomobile engines that burn gasoline all create vast amounts of CO