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Macroshock Hazards.ppt

Macroshock Hazards.ppt

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Published by R.Raghu
Biomedical Instrumentation
Biomedical Instrumentation

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: R.Raghu on Oct 01, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/01/2013

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MACROSHOCK HAZARDS
 
 
DEFINITION
Macroshock 
 –
The magnitude of the current required to fibrillate the heartis far greater if the current is applied directly to heart;externally applied current loses much of its amplitude dueto current distributions. Large, externally applied currentscause
macroshock 
.
Microshock 
 –
If catheters are used, the natural protection provided by theskin (15 k
Ω
~ 2 M
Ω
) is bypassed, greatly reducing theamount of current required to cause fibrillation. Evensmallest currents (80 ~ 600
μ
 A), causing
microshock 
, mayresult in fibrillation. Safety limit for microshocks is 10
μ
 A.
 
CONT’N
 

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