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Orissa Threatened With Power Famine

Orissa Threatened With Power Famine

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During the entire tenure of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, a single megawatt of generation has not been added to the power sector. Therefore, Orissa is now face-to-face with a power famine that threatens to be worse year by year.

By Subhas Chandra Pattanayak
Representative-in-Chief, Orissamatters.com
During the entire tenure of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, a single megawatt of generation has not been added to the power sector. Therefore, Orissa is now face-to-face with a power famine that threatens to be worse year by year.

By Subhas Chandra Pattanayak
Representative-in-Chief, Orissamatters.com

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Published by: Subhas Chandra Pattanayak on Jul 10, 2009
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07/10/2009

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]Ê Ô[ç j*¼V: eÐSÔ jeLÐe _ÞS bÊ mç aÊ T«Ê Æ J _ÞSLÊ jÊ ^Ðe«Ê Æ
 Ñ jÊ bÐiQtõ`p_ЯÆL
 JXÏ  Þ hÐ HÒa ÒdDÜ _ÐkÚ_\ÞaÐ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç j*¼Ve j®Ê¤MÑ_, [Ð `ÐBÜ cÊ MÔc§ÆÑ _aÑ_  `p_ЯÆLkÚ Òc×fÞ L[Ó ]ЯÆѼ¼Ð JXÏ  Þ hÐe [ÐfÒQe J Caç D`[ÔLÐÒe 60,988 _Þ ¯ÊÆ[ V_ç @\à Ð[ç bÐe[e  h[LXÏÐ 23 bÐN ÒLÐBmÐ ckSÊ ]ç ekÞ RÞdÐkÐLÞAj«ÆÐ hÒk aià `ÐBÜ 1,00,000 (HL ml) ÒcNÐgVç  ]Ê Ô[ç  h¦ÞÆ D`ùÐ]_`ÐBÜ dÒ\½¤¼¼Ð JXÏ  Þ hÐe ckÐ_]Ñ, Òaß [eZÑ, Ðkê ZÑ, jÊaÀà ¤ÒeMÐ, CtõÐa[Ñ `õ cË  M _kÑÒe bÐe[e h[LXÏÐ 10 bÐN bË  `󠺤 Sf  `õaÐkÞþ[ ÒkþÐB\ÐH ÒdDÜ\Þ eÊþ `õÐ¯Æ 30,000 ÒcNÐgVç SfaÞ]Ê Ô[çh¦ÞÆ D`ùÐ]_  ÒkÐB`ÐeÞa¼¼Ð eÐSÔ @Z`ÐeÕ`ÐeÞ L h¦ÞÆ D_ï ¯Æ_ (JÒeXÏÐ) Lró  à  `l*¼ ALf_ @_Ê jÐÒe Ac eÐSÔe `a_h¦ÞÆ
(wind power)
 eÊ1700 ÒcNÐgVç , Òj×eh¦ÞÆ
(sun power)
 eÊ14,000 ÒcNÐgVç , lÊ ]öSfaÞ ]Ê Ô[ç ÒLtõ cÐ_*¼eÊ160 ÒcNÐgVç - H`eÞÐ¯Æ 16,200 ÒcNÐgVç  ]Ê Ô[ç @Z`ÐeÕ`ÐeÞ L h¦ÞÆ D—eÊ `ÐeÞa¼¼Ð @\Q HkÞjcªÆ  h¦ÞÆe D—yf JXÏ  Þ hÐÒe ASÞ@[Þ@aÞ QÐeÞ [ ÒhßfÑÒe aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç  LÐV Aec÷ ÒkÐBdÐBRÞ  HaÕ Ac eÐSÔ jeLÐe HÒa bÞ lÐ\Ðf ^eÞÒLtõjeLÐe, H_ç .VÞ.`Þ.jÞ. HaÕ @_ÔÐ_Ô  eÐSÔ jeLÐe*¼ ]éÐey ÒkDR«ÞÆ J D`kÐjÞ [ ÒkDR«ÞƼ¼Ð ÒLaf AÉ¥Ðf_ _ LeÞ _aÑ_ aÐaÊd]Þ ÒhiscÐ_*¼ `eÐchà cÐ_Þ \ÐÒ«Æ H @ayÐ ASÞÒkÐB _ \ЫÆм¼Ð
 aÞ ]Ê Ô[çLÐVe B[ÞkÐj
 JXÏ  Þ hÐÒe aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç LÐVe B[Þ kÐj `õ [Þ]ó  ½Þ¤Ò]Òm , ¸¤½¤ Ò]ÐBdÐH Òd HkÐ  ÒkDRÞjÐ^ÐeZ ÒmÐL*ʼ VÞ [Ð LÐVÞaÐe B[Þ kÐj¼¼Ð 1977Òe S_[Ð ]f lc[ÐjÑ_  ÒkaÐ `Òe jÐ^ÐeZ jèÐ\à  LÊ S jèÐ\à `ÐBÜ QfÊLeÞaÐ ÒmÐL*¼ D`]öa H`eÞaYÏ  Þ  dÐB\Þ mÐ Òd, ÒjkÞjeLÐee aÞ bÞ@ÕhÑ]Ðe*¼ A[ë ÒLß tõ ÑL jÕOÐ[ Òk[Ê@Á¤ ]Þ_Òe  [ÐkÐ bË  iÊ XÏ  Þ`XÏ  Þ \Þ mм¼Ð ÒjÒ[ÒaÒf JXÏ  Þ hÐÒe _ÞfcZÞeÐD[eÐ d]Þ J cÊ MÔc§ÆÑ, aÞ SÊ
 
 `p_ЯÆLkÚ \Þ Òm jaà  c¯Æ Lrà Ð¼¼Ð `õ hÐj_ ]ÞNkeÐ ÒkÐB`XÏ  Þ \Þ mм¼Ð ]Ê_à  Ñ[ÞQecjÑcÐLÊ  DWÞ \Þ mм¼Ð JXÏ  Þ hÐ aÐkÐee ÒLÒ[L hÞ Á¤`[ÞJXÏ  Þ hÐeÊ ]Ê Ô[ç ÒQÐeÞQfÐB\Þ Òm¼¼Ð ÒQÐeÑ at LeÞaÐ `eÞaÒrà  ]Ê Ô[ç @bÐae HL ^ÐeZÐ jÐ^ÐeZÒe jó  ½Þ¤ LeÞaÐ `ÐBÜ  
1979eÊ1994 `dà  Ô«Æ `õÐ¯Æ 15 aià eÐSÔÒe Òaß^Ð_Þ [ h¦ÞÆ LVLZÐ
(statutorypower cut)
HaÕ AqfÞ L h¦ÞÆ LVLZÐ
(area power cut)
SeÞAÒe ]Ê Ô[ç LÐV LeÊ \Þ Òm¼¼Ð 1993-94 A\Ù  L aià  Òe HkÞLVLZÐ jaà Ð^Þ L 40
%
47
%
ÒkÐB\Þ mм¼Ð aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç  h¦ÞÆe @bÐa eÐSÔe @\à _Ñ[Þ LÊ`=ʼ  LeÞ Ò]B\Þ mм¼Ð aXÏaXÏ Á¤jÕyÐNÊ XÏ  Þ L _Þ Sjè ]Ê Ô[ç ÒLtõ 
(captive powerplant)
aÔ[Þ ÒeÒL eÐSÔÒe hÞ Á¤ `õ [Þº¤Ð`ÐBÜ jÐkj LeÞ `ÐeÊ_\Þ Òm¼¼Ð Ò[ZÊ  HkÞþ Òaß^Ð_ÞL aÞ]Ô[ç LVLZÐ eþ~ ÒkþaÐeþ AahÔL[Ð @`eÞþkþÐdàÔ ÒkþÐBDWÞ\Þ mм¼Ð JXÏ  Þ hÐe ÒLÒ[SZ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç B&Þ¼_Þ ¯Æe Caç \cà Ðmç , SfaÞ ]Ê Ô[ç  ÒLtõJ  ÒLtõ Ñ¯Æ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç ÒLtõ eÊeÐSÔ-bÐN
(state share)
aÐa]Òe JXÏ  Þ hÐe kLç  kÞ jÐa LeÞÒaß^Ð_Þ L aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç LVLZÐ DWÐB Ò_aÐLÊ[]Ð_Ñ«Æ_ cÊ MÔc§ÆÑ aÞ SÊ  `p_ЯÆL*ʼ HL`õ LÐe aÐ^Ô LeÞ \Þ Òm¼¼Ð $¼fÒe 1994 SÊ mÐB 16 [ÐeÞ MÒe  HkÞLVLZÐe `eÞ jcЩÞÆ OVÞ \Þ mÐ J aÞ SÊaÐaÊ*¼ aÞ Ò]hÑ LÕ`Ð_Ñ `õ Ñ[Þ e @ucÊ kÐZÑÒe `XÏ  ÞJXÏ  Þ hÐe aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç aÔayÐ ÒdDÜ jÕLVÒe `XÏ  Þ \Þ mÐ [kÚ   Ò`õ lÐ`VÒe HkÐ JXÏ  Þ hÐe Ò`iÐ_Ê e¦Æ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç B&Þ¼_Þ ¯ÆecÐ_*¼e \Þ mÐ HL  jaà  LÐfÑ_ jèÀà ¤Ðb aÞ S¯Æ¼¼Ð HkÐ H`eÞ mÐ Òd ÒjkÞ_ WÐeÊ2009 - HkÞ 15 aià c^ÔÒe D`ùÐ]_, `eÞak_ J `eÞaä_ Òl[ö Òe ÒLaf ÒL×ZjÞ ALjê   Þ L ]Ê Oà  VZÐ aÔ[Ñ[ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç ÒdÐNÐZ ÒLÒa aÞaÔÐk[ ÒkÐB _ \Þ mм¼Ð @\Q N[ ]haià aÔÐ`Ñ mÐNÞekÞ \ÞaÐ AÉ¥Ðf_jaà  jè@aÞ có  hÔLÐeÑ[Ð Òk[Ê  H ]ó  hÔ`V a]fÞdÐBRÞ¼¼Ð HaÕ jeLÐeÑ bÐÒa aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç LÐV SÐeÞÒkÐBRÞ¼¼Ð
 
LÞ «Ê Æ aÞ ]Ê Ô[çQÐkÞ]Ð `Ë eZ ÒkD\Þ mÐ LÞ `eÞ? 
@aÞ có  hÔLÐeÑ[Ðe HkÞ]h aià LÐf JXÏ  Þ hÐe aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç QÐkÞ ]Ð LÞ `eÞ  `Ë  eZ ÒkD\Þ mÐ [ÐkÐ ¸¤½¤ ÒkÐBdÞaÐ DnÞ [¼¼Ð LÞ «ÊÆ [kÚ `Ë aà  eÊ ]Ê Ô[ç QÐkÞ ]Ðe  Lõ c `eÞawà _ ^ÐeÐ `õ [Þ]ó  ½Þ¤ Ò]aм¼Ð Ac eÐSÔe aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç QÐkÞ ]Ð 1970Òe 1900 _Þ ¯ÊÆ[ ¯ÊÆ_Þ V \ÞaÐÒaÒf 2000Òeþ HkþÐ 6,000 _Þ¯ÊÆ[ ¯ÊÆ_ÞVÒeþ `kþqÞ\Þmþм¼Ð LÞ«ÊÆ JXÏÞhÐ MZÞ kþXÏ$¼çLÐeþÑcÐ_*¼ QÐeþZbËþcÞ a_ÞNmþÐ `Òeþ HaÕ ÒmþÐL jèÐ\à @Ò`lРhÞ ÒÁ¤ÐÒ]ÔÐNÑ*¼ jèÐ\à jeLÐeÑ @Nõ `õÐ^Ð_Ô @Sà _ LmÐ `Òe, 2005-06eÊ  ]Ê Ô[ç QÐkÞ ]Ð aÐiÙ  L h[LXÏÐ 15 kÐeÒe aó  wÞ`ÐB 2009LÊ21,000  ¯ÊÆ[ ¯ÊÆ_Þ Vç  Òe `kqÞ RÞ¼¼Ð ÒLtõ Ñ¯Æ aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç Lró  à  `l*¼ 17[c eÞ Ò`ÐVà @_Ê dЯÆÑ 2012Òe HkÐ 27,000 _Þ ¯ÊÆ[ ¯ÊÆ_Þ Vç HaÕ 2015 ÒafLÊ36.000 _Þ ¯ÊÆ[  ¯ÊÆ_Þ Vç  Òe `kqÞa¼¼Ð @\Q Ac eÐSÔ jeLÐe 1996Òe D`ùÐ]_lc ÒkÐB\ÞaÐ Caç  \cà Ðmç  e 2¯Æ ¯ÊÆ_Þ Vç `eWÐeÊH`dà  Ô«Æ ÒNÐVÞ H ¯ÊÆ_Þ V aÞ ]Ê Ô[ç h¦ÞÆ jÐc\à  Ô
(one MW of Greenfield installed capacity)
jó  ½Þ¤ LeÞ `ÐeÞ_ÐkЫÞƼ¼Ð @ahÔ 1999eÊ2001 c^ÔÒe BtõÐa[Ñ SfaÞ ]Ê Ô[ç ÒdÐS_ÐeÊ600 ÒcNÐgVç   ]Ê Ô[ç h¦ÞÆ D`ùÐ]Þ [ ÒkDRÞ, cÐ[öÒdÐS_Ð_Ê dЯÆÑ 1988-90Òe HkÐ `õÐ`Ô  ÒkaÐe \Þ mм¼Ð HkÐ `Òe aÐmÞ ÒcfÐÒe 150 ÒcNÐgVç HaÕ kÑeÐLÊ ]Òe 40 ÒcNÐgVç  e ÒdDÜ h¦ÞÆ jÐc\à  Ô ÒdÐNLeÐdÐBRÞ[ÐkÐ ÒLaf Sfb¨ÆÐee  [ÐLúÐfÑL É¥Ñ[Þ ÒdÐN lc[Ð
(peaking capacity)
aYÏÐBRÞ_Ð,  ÒNÐVÞ H ÒkÒm ¯ÊÆ_Þ Vç ÒdÐS_Ðaw h¦ÞÆ D`ùÐ]_
(Design Energy)
c^ÔaYÏÐB_ÐkÚ¼¼Ð HkÞ hÐj_Þ L _Þ LcÐcÑ jÒré ]Ê Ô[ç AB_ 2003 @_Ê dЯÆÑ `Ë aà ÐqfÒe 2003 H`õ  Þ mç  eÊD`m•Æ[ÐbÞ rÞ L jqf_
(Availability Based Tariff)

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