Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
26Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
7086790 Questions Related to DHCP

7086790 Questions Related to DHCP

Ratings: (0)|Views: 738 |Likes:
Published by anoop29

More info:

Published by: anoop29 on Jul 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/18/2010

pdf

text

original

 
Page| 1
Basic IT QuestionsQuestions related to DHCP?
 
Q. What is DHCP?
A. DHCP stands for "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol". DHCP (Dynamic Host ConfigurationProtocol) is a communications protocol that lets network administrators centrally manage andautomate the assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in an organization's network.DHCP assigns IP address to computers and other devices that are enabled as DHCP Clients.Deploying DHCP servers on the network automatically provides computers and other TCP/IP basednetwork devices with valid IP addresses and the additional configuration parameters these devicesneed, called DHCP options, which allow them to connect to other network resources, such as DNSservers, WINS servers and routers.Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) automatically assigns IP addresses and other networkconfiguration information (subnet mask, broadcast address, etc) to computers on a network. A clientconfigured for DHCP will send out a broadcast request to the DHCP server requesting an address.The DHCP server will then issue a "lease" and assign it to that client. The time period of a validlease can be specified on the server. DHCP reduces the amount of time required to configure clientsand allows one to move a computer to various networks and be configured with the appropriate IPaddress, gateway and subnet mask. 
Q. Who Created It? How Was It Created?
A. DHCP was created by the Dynamic Host Configuration Working Group of the Internet EngineeringTask Force (IETF; a volunteer organization which defines protocols for use on the Internet). As such,its definition is recorded in an Internet RFC and the Internet Activities Board (IAB) is asserting itsstatus as to Internet Standardization. As of this writing (June 1998), DHCP is an Internet DraftStandard Protocol and is Elective. BOOTP is an Internet Draft Standard Protocol and isrecommended.
Q. How DHCP Works?
A. DHCP uses a client-server model. The network administrator establishes one or more DHCP serversthat maintain TCP/IP configuration information and provide it to clients. The server databaseincludes the following:
Valid configuration parameters for all clients on the network.
Valid IP addresses maintained in a pool for assignment to clients, plus reserved addressesfor manual assignment.
Duration of a lease offered by the server. The lease defines the length of time for which theassigned IP address can be used.With a DHCP server installed and configured on your network, DHCP-enabled clients can obtaintheir IP address and related configuration parameters dynamically each time they start and join thenetwork. DHCP servers provide this configuration in the form of an address-lease offer to requestingclients.A. With a DHCP server installed and configured on your network, DHCP-enabled clients can obtaintheir IP address and related configuration parameters dynamically each time they start and join thenetwork. DHCP servers provide this configuration in the form of an address-lease offer to requestingclients.
 
Page| 2
1.The DHCP client requests an IP address by broadcasting a DHCP Discover message to thelocal subnet.2.The client is offered an address when a DHCP server responds with a DHCP Offer messagecontaining IP address and configuration information for lease to the client. If no DHCP server responds to the client request, the client can proceed in two ways:
If it is a Windows 2000–based client, and IP auto-configuration has not been disabled, the clientself-configures an IP address for its interface.
If the client is not a Windows 2000–based client, or IP auto-configuration has been disabled, theclient network initialization fails. The client continues to resend DHCP Discover messages in thebackground (four times, every 5 minutes) until it receives a DHCP Offer message from a DHCPserver.3.The client indicates acceptance of the offer by selecting the offered address and replying to theserver with a DHCP Request message.4.The client is assigned the address and the DHCP server sends a DHCH ACK message,approving the lease. Other DHCP option information might be included in the message.5.Once the client receives acknowledgment, it configures its TCP/IP properties using any DHCPoption information in the reply, and joins the network.In rare cases, a DHCP server might return a negative acknowledgment to the client. This canhappen if a client requests an invalid or duplicate address. If a client receives a negativeacknowledgment (DHCP Nack), the client must begin the entire lease process again.
Figure 3-5. DHCP client/server protocolQ. At what layer of OSI it functions?
A. DHCP works at Data link Layer. (Layer 2)
Q. What is
 
DORA
?A. Finally, the chosen DHCP server sends the lease information (the IP address, potentially a subnetmask, DNS server, WINS server, WINS node type, domain name, and default gateway) to theworkstation in a message called the DHCP ACK (data communications jargon for acknowledge). Youcan remember the four parts of a DHCP message by the mnemonic
DORA
- Discover, Offer,Request, and ACK.
Q. What is the default Lease Period in DHCP Client/Server communication?
A. The default lease is 8 days, after which a computer has to renew their use of the address they'vebeen leased by your DHCP server.
 
Page| 3
There are certain situations however when you might want to lengthen this lease period to severalweeks or months or even longer. These situations include (a) when you have a stable network wherecomputers neither join or are removed or relocated; (b) when you have a large pool of available IPaddresses to lease from; or (c) when your network is almost saturated with very little availablebandwidth and you want to reduce DHCP traffic to increase available bandwidth (not by much, butsometimes every little bit helps).
Q. How does DHCP lease works?
A. The first time a DHCP-enabled client starts and attempts to join the network; it automatically followsan initialization process to obtain a lease from a DHCP server. Figure 4.2 shows the lease process.
Figure 4.2 DHCP Lease Process
3.The DHCP client requests an IP address by broadcasting a DHCP Discover message to thelocal subnet.4.The client is offered an address when a DHCP server responds with a DHCP Offer messagecontaining IP address and configuration information for lease to the client. If no DHCP server responds to the client request, the client can proceed in two ways:
If it is a Windows 2000–based client, and IP auto-configuration has not been disabled, the clientself-configures an IP address for its interface.
If the client is not a Windows 2000–based client, or IP auto-configuration has been disabled, theclient network initialization fails. The client continues to resend DHCP Discover messages in thebackground (four times, every 5 minutes) until it receives a DHCP Offer message from a DHCPserver.6.The client indicates acceptance of the offer by selecting the offered address and replying to theserver with a DHCP Request message.7.The client is assigned the address and the DHCP server sends a DHCH ACK message,approving the lease. Other DHCP option information might be included in the message.8.Once the client receives acknowledgment, it configures its TCP/IP properties using any DHCPoption information in the reply, and joins the network.In rare cases, a DHCP server might return a negative acknowledgment to the client. This canhappen if a client requests an invalid or duplicate address. If a client receives a negativeacknowledgment (DHCP Nack), the client must begin the entire lease process again.
Q. How can you backup configuration file of DHCP server?
A. DHCP database backs itself up automatically every 60 minutes to the%SystemRoot%\System32\Dhcp\Backup\Jet directory. This interval can be changed:1.Start the registry edito

Activity (26)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
gurubm10 liked this
gurubm10 liked this
karthickrgrajan liked this
ksprakashmca liked this
Madhu Deva liked this
pravinkavitha liked this
david jack liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->