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GSM RR Call Flows

GSM RR Call Flows

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Published by galal_a2005

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Published by: galal_a2005 on Jul 10, 2009
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06/29/2013

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<RR> Interfaces (GSM Originating Call)
CellMobile NetworkFixed NetworkMobile StationBase StationsNSSPSTNUserMobileBSSMSC VLRPSTN
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
15-Oct-04 20:10 (Page 1)
LEG: GSM Mobile Originated Call
RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH
RR connection establishment is triggered bysending the Channel Request message. Thismessage requests the Base Station System (BSS)for allocation for radio resources for the RRconnection setup. The mobile now waits for anassignment on the Access Grant Channel (AGCH).At this point the mobile is listening to the AGCHfor a reply.RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
 
AGCH, Radio_Resource = (TCH, Frequency,Timeslot), Time Correction, FrequencyCorrection
The BSS transmits the radio resource assignmentto the Mobile via the AGCH channel. The messagealso contains the time and frequency corrections.The time corrections allow the mobile to time it'stransmissions so that they reach the BSS only inthe specified slot. The frequency correctionscorrect for the Doppler shift caused by themobile's motion.RR SABM + MM CM SERVICE REQUEST
TCH, SAPI = 0
This is the first message that is sent after tuningto the channel. The Mobile initiates a LAPmconnection with the BSC by sending a SetAsynchronous Balanced Mode (SABM) message.The service request message meant for the MSCis also sent in this message.RR UA
TCH, SAPI = 0
The BSS replies with Unnumbered Acknowledge(UA) to complete the LAPm setup handshake
LEG: Initiate Authentication Procedure
RR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND
mode = CLEAR
The BSS sends the CIPHERING MODECOMMAND to the mobile. The mobile will be ableto receive this message as the transmission fromthe BSS is still in clear.RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE
mode = CIPHERED
Ciphering has already been enabled, so thismessage is transmitted with ciphering. The BSSwill receive this message as it is alreadyexpecting ciphered data in the receive direction.RR CHANNEL MODE MODIFYThe BSS notifies the Mobile about the changeoverto voice mode.RR CHANNEL MODE MODIFY ACKNOWLEDGEMobile acknowledges.
LEG: Mobile initiates call release
RR CHANNEL RELEASEThe BSS initiates RR release with the mobile.RR DISCThe mobile sends a disconnect message torelease the LAPm connection.RR UAThe BSS replies with an UnnumberedAcknowledge message.
 
<RR> Interfaces (GSM Location Update)
HighwayVirginiaGSMMarylandGSM MobilesVirginiaLocationAreaVirginia GSMEquipmentGSMDatabasesMaryland Location AreaMarylandGSMEquipmentOther GSMMobileGSMMobileVienna CellVirginiaBSCVirginiaMSC VLRHLRRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandMSC VLR
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
15-Oct-04 20:10 (Page 2)
RR CHANNEL REQUESTThe mobile establishes a RRconnection to send the locationupdate to the network.RR CHANNEL REQUESTRR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENTRR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENTA radio channel has beenassigned to the GSM mobile.RR SABM + MM LOCATION UPDATING REQUEST
 
Maryland TMSI, Maryland LAI
The mobile tunes to theassigned radio channel andsends the SABM to initiate theradio connection. The locationupdate is also piggybacked onthe message.RR UAThe RR connection setup iscompleted by responding withUA for the received SABM.RR UA
LEG: Inter MSC-VLR locationupdate
RR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND
mode = CLEAR
The BSC sends the CIPHERINGMODE COMMAND to the mobile.RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE
mode = CIPHERED
Ciphering has already beenenabled, so this message istransmitted with ciphering.RR CHANNEL RELEASEThe BSC initiates RR releasewith the mobile.RR DISCThe mobile sends a disconnectmessage to release the LAPmconnection.RR UAThe BSC replies with anUnnumbered Acknowledgemessage.
 
<RR> Interfaces (GSM Terminating Call)
HighwayMarylandGSMFixedNetworkGSM MobilesMaryland Location AreaMaryland GSMEquipmentGSM CommonEquipmentPSTNGSMMobileOther GSMMobileRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandBSCMarylandMSC VLRHLRGMSCPSTN
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
15-Oct-04 20:10 (Page 3)
RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3
TMSI
The Maryland BSC receives thepage message. The BSC willsend the Page message to allthe cells that serve thesubscriber's location area.RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3
TMSI
All cells in the location area willbroadcast the Page message onthe Paging Channel (PCH). Allmobile phones listen to thischannel every few seconds. Themobile is located in the Bethedacell. It receives this pagemessage.RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH
The mobile finds that the TMSIspecified in the page messagematches its own TMSI. Themobile decides to respond to thepage. An RR connectionestablishment is initiated bysending a channel request to thenetwork.RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH
RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH
The network assigns a channelto the terminal and sends theassignment and time/frequencycorrections in the immediateassignment message.RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH
RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSEThe mobile tunes to theassigned channel and transmitsthe page response and theSABM to initiate the RR session.RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSESCCP CONNECTION REQUEST + RR PAGING RESPONSEThe BSC sends a SCCPconnection request to the MSCVLR. The page responsemessage is piggy backed withthe request.RR UAThe BSC acknowledges theSABM to establish the RRconnection. Note that UAmessages are used in the entiresession for acknowledgingpackets. They will be omittedhere for clarity.RR UARR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND
mode = CLEAR
The BSC sends the CIPHERINGMODE COMMAND to the mobile.RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE
mode = CIPHERED
Ciphering has already beenenabled, so this message istransmitted with ciphering.
LEG: Mobile initiates callrelease
RR CHANNEL RELEASEThe BSC initiates RR releasewith the mobile.

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