INTRODUCTION1.1 The era of biometrics
In the 21
century the use of biometric based systems have seen an exponentialgrowth. This is all because of tremendous progress in this field making it possible tobring down their prices, easiness of use and its diversified use in every day life.Biometrics is becoming new state of art method of security systems. Biometrics areused to prevent unauthorized access to ATM, cellular phones , laptops , offices, carsand many other security concerned things. Biometric have brought significant changesin security systems making them more secure then before, efficient and cheap. Theyhave changed the security system from what you remember (such as password) orwhat you possess (such as car keys) to something you embody (retinal patterns,fingerprints, voice recognition).
1.2 What is biometrics?
Biometrics is the science of verifying the identity of an individual throughphysiological measurements or behavioral traits. Since biometric identifiers areassociated permanently with the user they are more reliable than token or knowledgebased authentication methods.
1.3 Advantages of Biometrics
Biometrics offers several advantages over traditional security measures. Some ofthem are presented below.