1.2 What is biometrics?
Biometrics is the science of verifying the identity of an individualthrough physiological measurements or behavioral traits. Since biometricidentifiers are associated permanently with the user they are more reliablethan token or knowledge based authentication methods.
1.3 Advantages of Biometrics
Biometrics offers several advantages over traditional securitymeasures. Some of them are presented below.
1.3.1 Accuracy and Security
Biometrics based security systems are far most secure and accuratethan traditional password or token based security systems. For example apassword based security system has always the threat of being stolen andaccessed by the unauthorized user. Further more the traditional securitysystems are always prone to accuracy as compared to biometrics which ismore accurate.
1.3.2 One individual, Multiple IDs
Traditional security systems face the problem that they don’t givesolution to the problem of individuals having multiple IDs. For examples aperson having multiple passports to enter a foreign country. Thanks tobiometrics!!! They give us a system in which an individual can’t possessmultiple IDs and can’t change his ID through out his life time. Each individualis identified through a unique Biometric identity throughout the world.
1.3.3 One ID, multiple individuals
In traditional security systems one ID can be used by multipleindividuals. For example in case of a password based security system asingle password can be shared among multiple individuals and they canshare the resources allotted to a single individual. Biometric based securitysystem doesn’t allow such a crime. Here each individual has a single uniqueID and it can’t be shared with any other individual.
.4 Biometrics categories
Biometrics can be categorized in various categories as follow.