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Dinesh Raman - Timeline

Dinesh Raman - Timeline

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Published by Lim Jialiang
A timeline on the Dinesh Raman case, based on reports and information released so far.

Petition: http://www.change.org/petitions/mr-teo-chee-hean-minister-for-home-affairs-and-mr-k-shanmugam-minister-for-law-singapore-please-direct-the-state-coroner-district-judge-imran-bin-abdul-hamid-to-conduct-a-coroner-s-inquiry-into-the-death-of-dinesh-raman-s-o-chinniah
A timeline on the Dinesh Raman case, based on reports and information released so far.

Petition: http://www.change.org/petitions/mr-teo-chee-hean-minister-for-home-affairs-and-mr-k-shanmugam-minister-for-law-singapore-please-direct-the-state-coroner-district-judge-imran-bin-abdul-hamid-to-conduct-a-coroner-s-inquiry-into-the-death-of-dinesh-raman-s-o-chinniah

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Published by: Lim Jialiang on Oct 02, 2013
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10/29/2013

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Timeline on the death in custody of Dinesh Raman s/o Chinnaiah on 27/9/10 Page 1 of 9
T
IMELINE
O
N
T
HE
D
EATH
I
N
C
USTODY
O
F
 D
INESH
R
 AMAN S
/
O
C
HINNAIAH
 O
N
27
 
S
EPTEMBER
2010
 
6/9/89
Dinesh Raman s/o Chinniah born.12/12/07
Convicted of rioting and theft and sentenced to Reformative Training at Kaki BukitSchool.6/1/10
Released on supervision.
Enlists in the army.6/5/10
Family receives a prison recall letter saying that Dinesh should turn himself in at apolice station or Reformative Training Centre immediately26/5/10
Due to poor conduct during supervision, he is recalled to continue his ReformativeTraining in prison.
Family decides to chastise Dinesh for his bad behaviour by refusing to visit him.Consequently, they see him for the last time in June 2010.27/9/10
A highly disputed incident occurs at Changi Prison. The Singapore Prison Service(SPS) alleges that Dinesh carried out an unprovoked attack on a prison officer in thepresence of other inmates. It is reported in
Today
that Dinesh
“emerged from his celland kicked Sergeant Lee Fangwei Jonathan in the abdomen.”
Eight prison officersrestrain Dinesh, in a “fierce struggle” lasting
“30 minutes”
according to the
StraitsTimes
. He is transported to an isolation cell and placed chest down with his face turnedto the side. He is noticed to have stopped breathing.
Reports say ‘pepper spray’ (Oleoresin Capsicum Delivery System (OCDS)) has beenused.
Shortly after, he is evacuated to Changi Hospital where he is pronounced dead at12.45pm.
A
Straits Times
report cites the Singapore Police Force (SPF) as saying that nohandcuffs were used in the restraint procedures. However, a
Lianhe Zaobao
reportcontradicts that, saying it understands that handcuffs were used. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) does not clarify.
This restraint procedure is reported as having been in use since 1991.
Later media reports are found to be conflicting and contradictory:
 
Today
:
“[Deputy Superintendent (DSP)] Lim taps Dinesh Raman’s face and his eyesare still open. Lim then turns on a tap in the cell to fill a pail with water to de-contaminate the prisoner, who had had pepper spray applied to his face during therestraint operation. Officers leave Dinesh Raman unresponsive and in a proneposition, in the cell.”
 
The Straits Times
:
“In the cell, officers placed Dinesh in a prone position andwashed away the pepper spray that one of them had used to help subdue theinmate. They then left, closing the cell’s steel door behind them.”
 
Timeline on the death in custody of Dinesh Raman s/o Chinnaiah on 27/9/10 Page 2 of 9
 
While the English language papers report DSP Lim returning to check on Dineshafter a
“minute or two”
or 
“minutes”
or 
“shortly after”
Dinesh was put in the cell,
Lianhe Zaobao
says he took 30 minutes.
 
It is also reported that Lim was unable to pay attention to Dinesh’s conditionbecause
“according to protocol, he went to get water to clean Dinesh.”
(SeeBreakfast Network article athttp://www.breakfastnetwork.sg/?p=6377.)
Mother is informed of Dinesh’s death by mobile telephone.
Prison Officers visit family home and inform family that Dinesh had turned violent,assaulted prison officers, was restrained and later moved to a separate cell. When itwas noticed that he was unconscious, prison medical staff administered CPR.
MHA notified by SPS.
SPF commences criminal investigations and review of its processes and procedures for the use of Control & Restraint (C&R) techniques.
Autopsy is conducted and the family’s lawyer is given a copy of the report.
In a statement dated 19/7/13, MHA claims
“On 27 September 2010, Dinesh Raman, aprison inmate, carried out an unprovoked attack on a prison officer outside his cell inthe presence of other inmates. Prison officers responded to restrain him and to placehim in a cell. He was left in a prone position in the cell. Shortly after, due to hisunresponsiveness, he was evacuated to hospital where he was pronounced dead. Thecause of death was determined to be positional asphyxiation, i.e. the deceased wasbeing placed in a prone position on the ground where he died due to breathingdifficulties.”
 Sep 2010
 
 
Death certificate, issued by the Forensic Medicine Division, Health Sciences Authority,records death as “cardio respiratory failure, pending investigation”.29/9/10
Dinesh’s body is returned to the family. What appear to be bruises, abrasions andblood clots on various parts of his body – including on the right hip, right collar bonearea, left collar bone area, left cheek, left eye, left shoulder, right cheek, left knee, lefthip/crotch area, right arm, right wrist, left shoulder back, left shoulder top, left chin – arenoticed.30/9/10
Family had scheduled visit to Dinesh. In a letter a fortnight previous, sister wrote, “I toldhim that I had forgiven him for returning to prison and that I’m not angry any more. But Idon't think he got the letter.”3/10/10
Dinesh’s death is reported in The New Paper. Mother is reported as saying, “When Iheard that he had died, I also felt like dying.”4/11/10
State Coroner, District Judge Imran bin Abdul Hamid, convenes a Mention sessionfollowing completion of SPF preliminary investigations.
Second Minister for Home Affairs, Mr I Iswaran, notes
“The post-mortem basicallyestablished the facts that the injuries were consistent with the application of C&Rtechniques but did not correlate them in any particular way to the cause of death.”
 
 
Timeline on the death in custody of Dinesh Raman s/o Chinnaiah on 27/9/10 Page 3 of 9
11/12/10
Dinesh would have been due for release.2011-2012
Mother approaches her MP, Mr Ang Wei Neng (People’s Action Party (PAP)), severaltimes for assistance. She states that communications with the SPS are inconsistentand it had not told her the full story until the criminal proceedings commenced. Mother has very limited involvement with the relevant authorities tailing off to none until thecommencement of the criminal proceedings.17/8/12
SPF submits consolidated findings to the Attorney General’s Chambers (AGC).4/2/13
After reviewing findings and further clarification from SPF, AGC decides to takeprosecutorial action.
SPF informs Minister for Home Affairs that its investigations are complete. According toSecond Minister, Mr S Iswaran, “
The police investigations included a thorough study of the Control & Restraint doctrine, training, protocols and techniques used in prison; itentailed meeting external experts, both domestic and international, to seek professionalviews and an assessment on the C&R techniques deployed; and it involved interviewswith 130 witnesses comprising 72 prison inmates, 23 prison officers, eight prisonmedical staff, seven police officers, two CISCO officers and Dinesh’s next-of-kin. Intotal, the Police conducted 144 interviews. Police investigators also went to the UnitedKingdom to consult a C&R expert from the National Tactical Response Group, under the UK Ministry of Justice.”
 Jun 2013
MHA-appointed independent Committee of Inquiry submits report to the ministry. Thefindings are not made public.19/7/13
MHA issues a statement. It notes
“The Ministry of Home Affairs accepts the findingsand recommendations of the Committee and has directed the Singapore Prison Serviceto implement them. We hold our officers to a high standard of professionalism. TheSingapore Prison Service requires its officers to strictly abide by procedures andprotocols, in particular when dealing with prisoners who are violent. The Ministry of Home Affairs will work with the Singapore Prison Service to determine whether other officers involved in this incident have met the required performance standards, andwhether disciplinary proceedings should be taken against any of them.”
DSP Lim Kwo Yin is charged with Causing Death by a Negligent Act and convictedupon a guilty plea of Negligence Not Amounting to Culpable Homicide under Section304A(b) of the Penal Code. He is fined S$10,000. No other officers are charged.
In a letter to the family, the government accepts responsibility for his death and offers topay compensation to the family.
MHA commences disciplinary action against the officers involved.
SPS issues a statement. It says, among other things, that
“it will consider records of court proceedings and assess if other actions need to be taken against Lim and theother officers.”
 20/7/13
Bertha Henson writes
‘Just How Did Dinesh Die Part 1’
at

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