SCYLThe concept of human rights and fundamental freedomsIn my view and a broader spectrum of the world’s community, Human Rights are Godgiven and therefore natural free from human interference.After all, our great philosopher Jean Jacque Rousseau wrote in his book “TheSocial Contract” that ‘man is born free but everywhere he is in chains’Article 1 of the universal declaration of human rights does remind us on this “Allhuman beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. The are endowed withreason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit ofbrotherhood”This clearly reminds us that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedomset forth in the UN Declaration and accompanying charters without distinction asto race, color, sex, language, religion, political, and or other opinions.The paradox that man is born free but everywhere he/she is in chains is veryvisible of 21st century Cameroun vies a vies The Federal Democratic Republic ofThe Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia), and every attempt to seek a solution to theproblem within a purely secular framework has failed- Reasons for the creation ofthe Southern Cameroons defense force (SOCADEF). Totalitarianism, greed, anddespotism are today more firmly entrenched in La Republique Du Cameroon and theaging generation of Southern Cameroons leaders than they ever were in the past.The need to reappraise the foundation on which the whole concept of human rightshas therefore never been more pressing than it is today in Cameroun.The UN Declaration of Human Rights 1948 is a very important document (Article9,10,11 ) as they explain obligated sovereignty and it’s impact on individualfreedom. These articles though engrafted in the National Legislations of TheSouthern Cameroons occupiers ( la Republique du Cameroun ), is not to safeguardour inalienable rights and fundamental freedoms but for the Internationalcommunity as guarantee for loans.In the memorable words of the American Declaration of Independence by ThomasJefferson, he said “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men arecreated equal, they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights,that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to securethese rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powersfrom consent of the governed”In a nutshell, it means human rights are not given by the government. They are thestructures upon which governments are based and justified. Thomas Jefferson setforth a fundamental principle upon which democratic governments are founded.Governments in a democracy are created to protect those freedoms that everyindividual possesses by virtue of his/her existence.Our 17th century philosophers (John Locke, Rousseau) told us that inalienablerights are not destroyed when civil society is created and neither society norgovernment can remove or alienate them. These include- freedom of speech andexpression (article 19 UN Charter), freedom of conscience, the right of equalprotection before the law (article 7 UN Charter) and even la Republique duCameroun’s law no. 90/55 of 19th December 1990 on freedom of Assembly.If we have to ask ourselves the question on what human rights are, we will all sayis about the curtailment of the abstract and super state power. Better still, isabout the limitation of absolute power corrupting absolutely. It is based on theidea that all humankind is a rational aspiring creatures, equal in dignity andindividuality and firmly attached to the ideals of justice and compassion.