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Theory of Metal Cutting-Theory of Chip Formation

Theory of Metal Cutting-Theory of Chip Formation

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Published by Rizwanul Fattah
Formation of chip in metal cutting.
Formation of chip in metal cutting.

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Published by: Rizwanul Fattah on Jul 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/22/2014

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LECTURE-07THEORY OF METAL CUTTING-Theory of Chip Formation
NIKHIL R. DHAR, Ph. D.
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL & PRODUCTIONENGINEERINGBUET
 
22/2Department of Industrial & Production Engineering
Chip Formation
Every Machining operation involves the formation of chips. The nature of which differs from operation to operation, properties of work piece materialand the cutting condition. Chips are formed due to cutting tool, which isharder and more wearer-resistant than the work piece and the force andpower to overcome the resistance of work material. The chip is formed bythe deformation of the metal lying ahead of the cutting edge by a processof shear. Four main categories of chips are:
Discontinuous ChipsContinuous or Ribbon Type ChipsContinuous Chip Built-up-Edge (BUE)Serrated Chips
 
 
22/3Department of Industrial & Production Engineering
Types of Chips
Discontinuous Chips
: These chips are smallsegments, which adhere loosely to each other. Theyare formed when the amount of deformation to whichchips undergo is limited by repeated fracturing. Hardand brittle materials like bronze, brass and cast ironwill produce such chips.
Continuous or Ribbon Type Chips
: In continuouschip formation, the pressure of the work piece buildsuntil the material fails by slip along the plane. Theinside on the chip displays steps produced by theintermittent slip, but the outside is very smooth. Ithas its elements bonded together in the form of longcoils and is formed by the continuous plasticdeformation of material without fracture ahead of thecutting edge of the tool and is followed by the smoothflow of chip up the tool face.

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