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The Rise of Nemausus From Augustus to Antoninus Pius. a Prosopographical Study of Nemausian Senators and Equestrians

The Rise of Nemausus From Augustus to Antoninus Pius. a Prosopographical Study of Nemausian Senators and Equestrians

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Published by: herodotean_fan on Oct 02, 2013
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THE RISE OF NEMAUSUS FROM AUGUSTUS TO ANTONINUSPIUS: A PROSOPOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF NEMAUSIANSENATORS AND EQUESTRIANS
 byHugo Thomas Dupuis WhitfieldA thesis submitted to the Department of ClassicsIn conformity with the requirements for theDegree of Masters of Arts
Queen’s University
 Kingston, Ontario, Canada(April, 2012)Copyright © Hugo Thomas Dupuis Whitfield, 2012
 
 ii
Abstract
Prosopography seeks to learn about social patterns and establish relationships within a well-defined group of individuals, which is accomplished by studying their biographies and analyzingthe data within defined parametres. The adlection of provincials into the equestrian andsenatorial orders started during the late Republic and continued into the early Principate. Itintegrated provincials into
Rome’s
social and political systems and provides the opportunity toclosely examine how their roles evolved as time passed during the early Roman Empire. Thisthesis will show that Nemausus, a provincial tribal settlement in Gallia Narbonensis, was one of the most important towns of the Roman Empire during the early Principate and achieved its prominence through sustained production of senators from Augustus to Marcus Aurelius and, in particular, through its prominent role during the dynasty of the Five Good Emperors. The role of its equestrians and their inability to attain the highest offices of their order will be discussed.Chapter Three will focus
on Nemausus’ physical transformation as it was converted from a Celtic
settlement into a Roman colony, and will lay the groundwork for its rise in the established socialstructures. Chapter Four will provide a detailed examination of Nemausian equestrians, evaluatetheir careers individually and illustrate
how indispensable they were to Nemausus’ growth even if 
they did not attain the highest offices within their order. Chapter Five will focus on Nemausiansenators much in the same manner as the previous chapter. Unlike their equestrian counterparts, Nemausian senators attained great heights in Rome, becoming generals, consuls, and advisors tothe emperor. Eventually they became the Imperial family itself, placing the provincial town atthe forefront of the Western Roman Empire. Chapter Five will also propose to narrow the scope
of Syme’s Hispano
-Narbonensian nexus to include only the towns of Italica and Nemausus due totheir influence during the dynasty of the Five Good Emperors. A variety of evidence will be used
 
 iiithroughout the discussion, in particular epigraphical and literary sources. By examining thecareers of Nemausian elites, their impact on the Roman Empire and
their native town’s increased
status, will be discovered.

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