In the past the works of Isidorus Hispalensis have been regarded as nothing morethan a rehashing of the works of earlier ecclesiastical authors, with no direct reference toRoman sources. He has been called at best a compiler and at worst a plagiarist. However, agreater understanding of the historical context shows that it is likely that Isidorus Hispalensis was working directly from Roman sources. In addition, by studying the historical context within which Isidorus is writing, evidence of his originality is seen in his ability to caterspecific works to his specific context. By outlining Rome’s presence in Spain from the very beginning, as well as the changing understanding of the barbarian invasions, I show througha study of the astronomical chapters of Isidorus Hispalensis’
De Natura Rerum
that Romantraditions in Spain persisted well into the Visigothic period, and that Isidorus Hispalensis is aperfect symbol of the survival of Roman culture after the fall of the western Empire.