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Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692

Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692

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Published by Emily
The most wonderful studies of the famous Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692.
The most wonderful studies of the famous Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Emily on Jul 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/10/2011

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In 1692, the famous Salem Witchcraft Trials were held. These trials were the result of thelargest witch huntin American history. During these trials nineteen people were hanged aswitches after being convicted of the crime. One man, Giles Corey,was pressed to death for refusing to plead innocent or guilty. The hearings began on March 1
st
of 1692. By the middle of May one hundred people were in prison awaiting trial.Massachusetts Bay was an English colony, and many people believed that the English brought witchcraft to the New World. Under English law, witchcraft was punishableby death. In New England, sixteen people were hanged as witches before 1692.In early 1692 several girls from Salem Village, now Danvers, began to demonstratestrange behavior. The girls would have fits in which they would crawl under tables, utter weirdsounds and scream as if they were being tortured.Samuel Parris, a Salem Village minister, accused his slave, Tituba, of being a witch after his niece and daughter started having fits like the other girls. The Parris girls, Elizabeth and her cousin Betty, went to Tituba to hear their fortunes. More girls accompanied them to learn their futures, too. The two girls one dayasked about their future husbands. After Tituba dropped a plain white egg into some water the youngest of the Parris girls, Betty, saw a coffin. A few dayslater the girls began to have fits.Two other women who were accused of witchcraft with Tituba included Sarah Good andSarah Osborne. The following children are ones that were inflicted by the three women accused:Elizabeth Parris, Betty Parris, Abigail Williams, Ann Putnam, Mary Wolcott, Elizabeth Hubbard,Elizabeth Booth, Susannah Sheldon, Mary Warren, Mercy Lewis and Sarah Churchill.The following questioning is from: The Salem Witch Trials by Earle Rice. Judge JohnHathorne with Magistrate Jonathan Corwin conducted the examination of Sarah Good.“Hathorne: Sarah Good, what evil spirits have you familiarity with?Good: None.
 
H: Have you made no contract with the Devil?G: No.H: Why do you hurt these children?G: I do not hurt them. I scorn it.H: Who do you employ then, to do it?G: I employ nobodyH: Why did you go away muttering from Mr. Parris’s house?G: I did not mutter, but I thanked him for what he gave my child.H: Have you made no contract with the Devil?G: No.” (Rice 34)In the middle of her questioning several of the accusers were brought in to see if Sarahwas the one whohurt them. Almost immediately the girls sprang out in fits, and Sarah Good wassent to prison in Boston to await her trial. On July 19
th
she was hanged as a witch. Dorcas Good,Sarah’s only daughter, is known as the youngest person to be accused as a witch at the age of four.During some of the trials girls that were afflicted would sit in on the court trials. In themiddle of questionings many of the girls would cry out and point to invisible birds flying aroundthe courtroom. These fits would occur occasionally. Their behavior would result in the decisionof the person being innocent or guilty.By September 22
nd
, 200 people had been accused, 50 had confessed, 100 were in prison,27 had been tried and convicted, and one, Corey, had been pressed to death.Many who were accused and hanged included Bridget Bishop on June 10
th
. On July 19
th
,Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Good, Susannah Martin, Elizabeth Howe and Sarah Wildes were hanged.George Burroughs, Martha Carrier, John Willard, George Jacobs, Sr. and John Proctor werehanged on August 19
th
. Lastly on September 22
nd
, Martha Corey, Mary Easty, Ann Pudeator,Alice Parker, Mary Parker, Wilmott Redd, Margaret Scott and Samuel Wardwell were hanged.("The Dead")

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