Compared to the Palaeolithic, the existence of micro-climates generated a restriction of the area where thehuman activities were taking place. The phenomenon, noticed by several specialists, was named'segregation' or 'regional specialisation'. The phenomenon became stronger as the climate got warmer.During the same period of time, the food diet changed, the consumption of meat decreased while theconsumption of vegetal food increased. This is closely connected to the extinction of certain species of animals, like the mammoth, the cave bear and reindeer. The species specific to the new climate extended,with the domination of Capra ibex, Rupicapra rupicapra, Cervus elaphus, Sus scrofa. The deciduousforests spread to the prejudice of the conifers. The change on the climate had also as a consequence anincrementation on the area of lakes and ponds, therefore an increasing number of fish and birds. Thehumans directed their attention and activities towards them. A new toolkit for hunting and fishing wasrequired then, attracting into the economic circuit other raw materials locally available or resulted fromthe food consumption, as bone, horn, wild boar teeth. New tools, weapons, means of catching the gameand fish were invented. The activities of gathering and harvesting improved. But new problems appeared:the storage of food, the introduction of new kinds of meat in the food diet. Clothes made of vegetal fibres,looser and more adequate to a warmer climate replaced the clothing made of furs.
3. Considerations on the general evolution of the Epi-palaeolithic/Mesolithic in the area
We must say from the very beginning, that we consider the Balkans and the Iron Gates region of theDanube (the 'Clisura') as fit into the large geographic area where a series of special discoveries weremade. We consider worth mentioning that between the Balkans and the Iron Gates region on one side andthe rest of Romania, on the other side, in what concerned the three ways of diffusion of the Mesolithic,there was a time delay, materialised in the inventory of artefacts discovered so far. We expect futurediscoveries to fill the existent gaps. This appeared because of the dynamics of invention, more acceleratein this part of the continent, owing to the favourable climatic conditions (a lot milder here during the lastglaciation) and to the existence of cultural traditions that allowed the humans to start from a moreadvanced level, compared to the one on the rest of the continent. Apart from these, there is another causethat apparently was overlooked or neglected by the specialists and we would like to discuss now.The Black Sea, because of its warm water streams, also favoured the development of a milder climate. Itwas present on the coast (the Bosphorus, the Dobrudja, the south of Caucasian mountains, south of Moldavia and Ukraine). As the most recent discoveries proved, in all these regions were exposedcomplexes having related features to the ones that benefited by the Peri-Mediterranean climate. Theexistent flora and fauna support the idea. And this is also our argument for the third way of diffusion of the Epi-Palaeolithic/Mesolithic on the European area. We presume that the process of diffusion had alsoan opposite sense of penetration; the same ways of advance were used by the cultural syntheses present inthe cultural complexes in the west, centre and east part of the continent to advance towards the south-eastern regions. This continued during the Neolithic age, too.During the same period of time as the Sub-Atlantic climatic period, the Euro-Asian civilisation seemed tohave passed into a new age. The change was also correlated, of course, with other climatic factors andalso with the socio-historical cultural dynamics. Another problem that we would like to bring intodiscussion is the one of the warm water streams of the Canary Islands, coming from the west and thenorth of the continent from tropical regions. They have influenced the existing populations during thehistorical period we are dealing with. In no other way can we explain the presence of Maglemoisian typecomplexes on both sides of the British channel. They developed owing to the thermic balance of the Earthand spread in a tight connection with the level variations of the planetary ocean. This problem mustremain in focus for further research.