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THE EVOLUTION IMPASSE 2

THE EVOLUTION IMPASSE 2

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Published by: ROJ on Jul 12, 2009
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04/08/2013

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THE EVOLUTIONIMPASSE2
HARUN YAHYA
 
Kanapoi Elbow Fossil Fraud,
The
 
The best example of how evolutionists interpret fossils according to their own preconceptionsis a fossilized elbow bone found in the Kenyan region of Kanapoi. This fossil, displayed in theKenya National Museum – East Rudolf under the number KP 271, consists of a part of the upper arm bone near the elbow. Unearthed in 1965 by Bryon Patterson of Harvard University, it has beenexceedingly well preserved. The latest tests carried out by evolutionists have shown it to be around4.5 million years old.
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The fossil is therefore known as the oldest hominid fossil discovered to date.In 1967, the researchers Bryan Patterson and W.W. Howells joined forces to describe KP 271.They suggested that the fossil’s anatomy was similar to that of human beings and that it belonged to
 Australopithecus
. Howells and his assistant Patterson announced the report regarding their researchin the 7 April, 1967 edition of 
Science
magazine, in which they stated:In these diagnostic measurements, Kanapoi Hominoid 1 [the original name given to the fossil]is strikingly close to the means of the human sample.
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Though admitting the close resemblance to the bone of a present-day human, Howells andPatterson still maintained that the fossil belonged to
 Australopithecus
, because to them, it wasunacceptable that such an old fossil could belong to
 Homo sapiens
.But subsequently, studies performed by other researchers using computers again revealed thatthe fossil KP271 was identical to a human bone. As the result of his computer-assisted research,Henry M. McHenry of the University of California published an article in 1975:The results show that the Kanapoi specimen, which is 4 to 4.5 million years old, isindistinguishable from modern
 Homo sapiens
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After this, various other researchers (including David Pilbeam and Brigitte Senut) have also performed experiments and comparative studies proving that the bone is identical to H. sapiens. Yetdespite all the evidence, even the evolutionists who carried out all this research were unable toadmit, on account of their own preconceptions, that this fossil could belong to H. sapiens.
 Kenyanthropus platyops
In Kenya, a team led by Meave Leakey discovered a fossilized skull that was referred to as“Flat-faced Man” because of the shape of its facial bones. The fossil was given the scientific nameof 
 Kenyanthropus platyops
. This 3.5 million-year-old fossil overturned evolutionists’ imaginaryevolutionary scenarios because some extinct ape species (such as “Lucy”) that lived after 
 Kenyanthropus platyops
were more primitive than it according to evolutionist criteria.
4
 (
See
 
LucyDeceit,
The
.)In fact, when one looks at all of the fossils discovered to date, it becomes clear that there is noevolutionary progression, beginning from a common ancestor and slowly turning into apes and present day man.Daniel E. Lieberman of Harvard Universitys Anthropology Department commented on
 Kenyanthropus platyops
in an article in
 Nature
magazine:The evolutionary history of humans is complex and unresolved. It now looks set to be throwninto further confusion by the discovery of another species and genus, dated to 3.5 million years ago.. . The nature of 
 Kenyanthropus platyops
raises all kinds of questions, about human evolution ingeneral and the behaviour of this species in particular. Why, for example, does it have the unusual
 
combination of small cheek teeth and a big flat face with an anteriorly positioned arch of thecheekbone? All other known hominin species with big faces and similarly positioned cheekboneshave big teeth. I suspect the chief role of 
 K. platyops
in the next few years will be to act as a sort of  party spoiler, highlighting the confusion that confronts research into evolutionary relationshipsamong hominins.
5
The BBC reported the story under such headlines as “Flat-Faced Man a Puzzle,“AConfusing Picture” and “A Scientific Contradiction” and went on to say that:The discovery by Meave Leakey, of the National Museums of Kenya, and colleaguesthreatens to blur still further the already murky picture of man’s evolution.
6
Fred Spoor, the famous evolutionist in University College London said that “the fossil raises alot of questions.”
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As can be seen from these statements and admissions, the theory of evolution is facing amajor dilemma. In particular, every new discovery in the field of paleontology presents a newcontradiction for the theory of evolution to explain. Evolutionists who produce diagrams of thesupposed evolution of mankind seek to incorporate new discoveries by setting the fossils out amongextinct species of ape and to human races.However, no fossil fits in with their diagrams, simply because human beings and apes did notevolve from any common ancestor. Human beings have always been human beings, and apes havealways been apes. For that reason, the theory of evolution faces an ever greater dilemma with everynew scientific discovery.
KNM-ER 1470 Fraud,
The
 
In 1972, a fossil was discovered in East Rudolf that would lead to debates in paleoanthropology. This was a complete skull, lacking only the lower jaw, but broken into some 300 parts, which were assembled by Richard Leakey and his wife, Meave. It was later sent to the Kenya National Museum – East Rudolf and classified as
 Homo habilis
. (
See
 
 Homo habilis
.)
 Homo habilis
shares many features with the apes known as
 Australopithecus
. Like them,
 H.habilis
has a long-armed, short-legged and ape-like skeletal structure. Its hands and feet are wellsuited to climbing. These characteristics show that
 H. habilis
spent most of its time in the trees.The volume of the majority of skulls classified as
 H. habilis
does not exceed 650 cubiccentimeters. This brain size is very close to that of present-day gorillas. On the other hand, its jawstructure closely resembles that of present-day apes, definitely proving that it was an ape.In terms of general skull features, it bears a closer resemblance to
 Australopithecus africanus
.Like
 A. africanus
,
 H. habilis
has no eyebrow protrusions. Previously, this feature led to its beingmisinterpreted and depicted as a human-like creature.KNM-ER 1470’s long, broad forehead, its less obvious eyebrow protrusions, the lack of thestructure in the gorilla skull known as the sagittal crest, and its 750 cubic centimeter brain volumeshow that it did not resemble human beings. J. E. Cronin describes why:However its relatively robustly constructed face, flattish naso-alveolar clivus (recallingaustralopithecine dished faces), low maximum cranial width (on the temporals), strong canine jugaand large molars (as indicated by remaining roots) are all relatively primitive traits which ally thespecimen with members of the taxon
 A. africanus
. . . KNM-ER 1470, like other early
 Homo
specimens, shows many morphological characteristics in common with gracile australopithecinesthat are not shared with later specimens of the genus
 Homo
.
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