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Dvarim Hayotzim Min Halev
Volume XV - Issue 1The DRS Weekly Torah Publication
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The Importance of Teshuva
By Yitzie Scheinman, Editor in Chief, 12th Grade
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• 516
“Va’Yikach Shem Vi’Yefes Es Hasimla…Va’Yichasu…” — 
“Shem and Yefes took the cloak and covered their fa-ther.” (9:23)
ashi is perplexed by the word
in that it’s written in the singular, and yet there are two people takingthe garment to cover Noach. Rashi explains that the Torah is teaching us a lesson about leadership. Shemwas the first of the two who ran to get a cover for his father, and therefore deserving of all the credit.It’s interesting that after this event, Noach blesses these two sons differently. Shem earned the merit of having his children, Bnei Yisroel, wear 
while Yefes had the merit of being buried after Gog U’Magog anddwelling in the “tent of Shem” with the
Rabbi Soloveitchik asks, what is the connection between theinvolvement of Shem and Yefes in the episode of covering Noach and the reward thereafter?
Before answering, Rabbi Soloveitchik describes two types of groups and their attitude towards kindness.There are people with “etiquette” and there are those “above and beyond regular etiquette”. The former group iskind and benevolent. However, they only do such kindheartedness if there are other people around to watch them
(Continued on page 2)
hen the pasuk describes the destruction of the
, it has a strange progression:
 ,” “And all flesh that moves upon the Earthdied – among the birds, the cattle, and the wild beasts, and all the things that creep upon the Earth, and all mankind” (7:21)
. Seemingly, the most importantaspect of the
was the destruction of mankind, yet man is listed last. What isthe meaning of this inverted order?
The Malbim and the Netziv both give a very logical explanation as towhy the pasuk uses this order: the pasuk was simply listing the creatures in theorder in which they were overcome by the
. The birds were overcome first because they were frail; they perished in the initial downpour of the waters.They were followed by the
, the domesticated animals, who were situatedon the low
lying plains that were flooded first. The wild beasts survived a littlelonger, for many of them dwelled in caves that were high in the mountains,which could provide them with shelter from both the lower and the upper waters.However, they, too, ultimately perished when the waters reached the mountain peaks. Man, who possessed the greatest intelligence, survived the longest, be-
(Continued on page 2)
Kindness for the Sake of Kindness
By Moishy Rothman, Editor of Student Articles, 12th
1 C
, 5774
5, 2013
 All Zmanim are calculated by myzmanim.com for Woodmere, NY (11598)
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as a way of showing that they do philanthropy to show respectto humanity. Therefore, only by the observation of such actsdoes the doer gain this sense of satisfaction for doing the gooddeed. But there is another group of people who is even more praiseworthy. They go beyond “etiquette”. Altruism, accordingto this group, is not something that should be done only becauseother people are watching, but should be done when no one isthere, and even more so when the masses look down at suchgood deeds. Kindness is done for the sake of kindness and notfor other motives.With this background, Rabbi Soloveitchik says thatthese two groups embody Shem and Yefes. Shem did the act of covering his father not for honor or for the praises, but for thesake of being kindhearted. However, Yefes did the act for other  people to see him and praise him. Shem, without anyone seeing,ran to cover his father, and Yefes followed him, an also helpedcovered his father, but only while Shem was watching. There-fore, Shem, who covered his father for the sake of being kind, iscredited for being the one doing the act and not Yefes. This alsoexplains the reward of each brother. Shem, who did his kind-ness privately, got the
which, according tothe
, should be under one’s clothing, in private. Yefes,who did the kindness for other people to watch and see that herespects humanity, obtained the merit of being buried, a rewardwhich is done in public and which is the ultimate respect of hu-
(Moishy Rothman — Continued from page 1)
(Continued on page 6)
cause he used every means available to him to try and survive,including scaling the highest mountains, climbing the tallesttrees, and building rafts. But by the time the waters reachedtheir highest point of 30
above the mountain peaks, the lastman (other than those in the
) had perished.
The Me’am Loez, on the other hand, gives a deeper ex- planation. He suggests that Hashem engineered the events of the
specifically so that man would expire last, in order togive mankind one final opportunity to do
This highlights the importance of doing
. Hashemwas completely willing to accept mankind’s
even at thelast second, after all they had done to deserve the destruction of the world. The Rambam, in his
, discusses theamazing transformation that
can bring about in a person.Even the worst sinner, at the last moment, can be completelyforgiven for his actions and can grow closer to Hashem.
This is an important lesson. We should all understandthe importance of 
and try to get closer to Hashem, nomatter how little we did wrong; if Hashem will accept the worst
on the brink of destruction, then he will no doubtaccept our 
for any small action we may do wrong.
(Yitzie Scheinman — Continued from page 1)
Torah Teasers
 By Rabbi Moshe Erlbaum, 9th Grade Rebbe
Parshas NoachQuestions
1. Which parshas are named for people? (6 an-swers)2. Where else in the Torah is a raven referred to?3. Which mitzvah is given personally to bothAdam and Noah?4. A rainbow is called a keshet. Where else inthe book of Genesis does the Torah speak about a keshet in reference to a regular bow?(5 answers)5. Which grandfather and grandson had the samename?6. When do we say Kaddish after a non
1. The six parshas named for a person: Noach,Chayei Sarah, Yisro, Korach, Balak, Pinchas.2. The raven is found in Leviticus 11:15 andDeut. 14:14 in the list of non
kosher birds.3. Adam and Noah are both given the mitzvah"to be fruitful and multiply" (Genesis 1:28,9:1).4. When Hagar and Yishmael are in the desert,the verse states that he was a "bow's distance"away (Genesis 21:16). A few verses later, theTorah refers to Yishmael as "an arch-er" (Genesis 21:20). Before giving the bless-ing, Yitzhak instructs Esav to take his bow and prepare a meal (Genesis 27:3). Yaakov givesthe city of Shchem to Yosef, which he cap-tured "with [his] sword and bow" (Genesis28:22) The bow is also mentioned later on inthe blessing that Yaakov gave Yosef (Genesis49:24).5. Nachor has a son Terach who has a son alsonamed Nachor (Genesis 11:24, 26).6. In the last verse of the parsha, Terach dies(Genesis 11:32). When completing the readingof the parsha, the one who reads the Torah,recites Kaddish.
The complete edition ofRabbi Moshe Atik's Torah Teasersis now available on AMAZON(keyword Torah Teasers)
Dvarim Hayotzim Min Halev
 I would like to begin the year by thanking Rabbi Lebowitz for creating this series and giving permission to Dvarim Hayotzim to publish his works. I would also liketo apologize in advance for any errors that I will makeover the coming year and urge all of you to listen to his shiurim on
. Feel free to contact methroughout the year with any questions, comments, or  suggestions at urihimelstein@gmail.com,and I will try to pass them on to Rabbi Lebowitz.
 As we just restarted the Torah last Shabbos, thought that now would be an opportune time to speak about a topic like Shnayim Mikra for those who are just beginning or are interested in beginning the new cycle.
I. Introduction
The gemara in Brachos (8) says explicitlythat a person must do Shanyim MikraV’echad Targum. The gemara even goesso far as to say that it carries a reward of long life. Additionally, the gemara cites astory and concludes that it would be bestto do it with the tzibbur.
II. What suffices as Targum?
Tosfos in Brachos quotes two opinionsabout if one is able to do Shnayim Mikrawith any translation (for example Art-scroll) or if they would have to do it withUnkeles. He explains that this dependson whether the purpose of reading theTargum is for the commoners to under-stand it, or if the purpose is for the com-mentary that the Targum provides. Tosfosconcludes by citing a proof from a gemarain Megillah (3) that the purpose of Tar-gum is to be a commentary. b.
The Rosh in Brachos quotes an opinionthat if one doesn’t want to do it with Un-keles, Rashi would suffice. However, inDivrei Chamudos, he quotes the Smagwho says that Rashi would be even better.This also depends on the purpose of Tar-gum: if it is to serve as a translation, thenRashi would be worse than Unkeles.However, if the purpose of the Targumwould be for a commentary, than Rashiwould be even better. The Tur says thatRashi works even though other languagesdon’t work, so we see that he focuses onthe commentary aspect of Targum and notthe translation aspect.
The Beis Yosef on the Tur and the Shul-chan Aruch pasken that Yirei Shamayimshould do both Unkeles and Rashi.
III. What if there is no translation?
The gemara in Brachos had said that oneshould do Shnayim Mikra even on wordswith no Targum, such as Ateres andDivon. Rashi explains that since there isno Targum one would read these words inHebrew three times. Tosfos attacks Rashi by saying that if the gemara wanted toteach us to say words with no Targumthree times, it would’ve chosen nameslike Reuven and Shimon. Instead, ittaught the words of Ateres and Divon toshow that even though there is no Unkeleson these words, one should find the Tar-gum Yerushalmi on these words and usethat instead.
The Talmidei Rabeinu Yonah quotes twoopinions: the first is that one might beyotzei just by saying it two times, and theother possibility is that he must completeit a third time. The Tur paskens that theminhag ha’olam is to be machmir likeRashi to do the Hebrew three times if there is no Targum. Consequently, theMishna Brurah records that if one is doingShnayim Mikra with Rashi, then if thereis no Rashi on a pasuk he should say it
(Continued on page 5)
Given by Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz 
on yutorah.org 
0-Minute Halacha Shiur 
Written up by
Uri Himelstein

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